Plants are colonized by a variety of microorganisms, the plant microbiota. In the phyllosphere, the above-ground parts of plants, bacteria are the most abundant inhabitants. Most of these microorganisms are not pathogenic and the plant responses to commensals or to pathogen infection in the presence of commensals are not well understood. We report the Arabidopsis leaf transcriptome after 3 to 4 weeks of colonization by Methylobacterium extorquens PA1 and Sphingomonas melonis Fr1, representatives of two abundant genera in the phyllosphere, compared to axenic plants. In addition, we also sequenced the transcriptome of Arabidopsis 2 and 7 days after spray-infection with a low dose of P. syringae DC3000 and in combination with the commensals.