ABSTRACT: Co-hybridization of Adenovirus type 40 and 41 to test probe specificity for closely related viral targets. ATCC strains of Adenovirus type 40 and 41 were hybridized to the array as a control run and a proof of concept. Degree of cross hybridization between polio nucleic acid and non-adenovirus 40 and 41 probes was evaluated. Specificity of the probe design was determined between closely related members of the same virus family. Keywords: control study: target detection and specificity 2 lab strains of adenovirus (type 40 and 41) were extracted directly from ATCC samples. Viral DNA was was extracted and labeled with Cy3 and Cy5 dyes for Adenovirus type 40 and 41 respectively.
Project description:Co-hybridization of Adenovirus type 40 and 41 to test probe specificity for closely related viral targets. ATCC strains of Adenovirus type 40 and 41 were hybridized to the array as a control run and a proof of concept. Degree of cross hybridization between polio nucleic acid and non-adenovirus 40 and 41 probes was evaluated. Specificity of the probe design was determined between closely related members of the same virus family. Keywords: control study: target detection and specificity Overall design: 2 lab strains of adenovirus (type 40 and 41) were extracted directly from ATCC samples. Viral DNA was was extracted and labeled with Cy3 and Cy5 dyes for Adenovirus type 40 and 41 respectively.
Project description:mRNA levels in Wild-type versus ddm1 Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings and bolting plants. Features found to be significantly enriched for DNA methylation were determined. This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE1324: EV23+24 mRNA levels in Wild-type versus ddm1/+ backcross bolting Arabidopsis thaliana plants GSE1325: EV33+34 mRNA levels in Wild-type versus ddm1 Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings GSE1326: VC109+111 mRNA levels in Wild-type versus ddm1 Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings GSE1327: EV39+40 mRNA levels in Wild-type versus ddm1 Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings GSE1328: VC110+112 mRNA levels in Wild-type versus ddm1 bolting Arabidopsis thaliana plants Refer to individual Series
Project description:Sewage samples were collected and concentrated for Human and animal viruses. Viruses were cultured on Buffalo Green Monkey Cells (BGMK) and their genomic DNA/RNA were extracted and labeled with Cy3 and Cy5 respectively. Labeled DNA/RNA were hybridized unto the array and signals generated were analyzed to indicate the presence of target viruses. Keywords: Detection of pathogens within environmental sample (Viruses) Environmental viruses were concentrated using organic flocculation with Beef Extract supplemented with glycine. Viruses were concentrated using 2 successive rounds of centrifugation and resuspended in Sodium Phosphate buffer. Viral nucleic acid was extracted, labeled and hybridized unto the microarray to determine the presence of target viruses within the sample.
Project description:Background. The bacterial foodborne pathogen Campylobacter jejuni is a common cause of acute gastroenteritis and is also associated with the postinfectious neuropathies, Guillain-Barré and Miller Fisher syndromes. This study described the use of multilocus sequence typing and DNA microarrays to examine the genetic content of a collection of South African C. jejuni strains, recovered from patients with enteritis, Guillain-Barré or Miller Fisher syndromes. Methodology/Principal Findings. The comparative genomic analysis by using multilocus sequence typing and DNA microarrays demonstrated that the South African strains with Penner heat-stable (HS) serotype HS:41 were clearly distinct from the other South African strains. Further analysis of the DNA microarray data demonstrated that the serotype HS:41 strains from South African GBS and enteritis patients are highly similar in gene content. Interestingly, the South African HS:41 strains were distinct in gene content when compared to serotype HS:41 strains from other geographical locations due to the presence of genomic islands, referred to as Campylobacter jejuni integrated elements. Only the genomic integrated element CJIE1, a Campylobacter Mu-like prophage, was present in the South African HS:41 strains whereas absent in the closely-related HS:41 strains from Mexico. A more distantly-related HS:41 strain from Canada possessed both genomic integrated elements CJIE1 and CJIE2. Conclusion/Significance. These findings demonstrated that these C. jejuni integrated elements may contribute to the differentiation of closely-related C. jejuni strains. In addition, the presence of bacteriophage-related genes in CJIE1 may probably contribute to increasing the genomic diversity of these C. jejuni strains. This comparative genomic analysis of the foodborne pathogen C. jejuni provides fundamental information that potentially could lead to improved methods for analyzing the epidemiology of disease outbreaks and their sources. The genomic diversity of 33 South African, 2 Mexican and 1 Canadian Campylobacter jejuni strains from humans were examined by microarray-based comparative genomic indexing (CGI) analysis. The CGI analysis allowed the assessment of CDS content for each C. jejuni strain relative to the C. jejuni DNA microarray, which comprises ORFs from strains NCTC 11168, RM1221. ORFs were spotted in duplicate. Genomic DNA from strains NCTC 11168/RM1221 were used as a reference DNA and competitively hybridized with genomic DNA from each of the other C. jejuni strains. Two or three replicates for each strain were performed. Data normalization was performed as in Parker et al. J Clin Microbiol 2006, 44(11):4125-4135.
Project description:Histone 3 lysine 4 and histone 3 lysine 9 methylation in wild type and ddm1 Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings. The purpose of the chromatin immunoprecipitation/microarray (ChIP/chip) experiment is to determine which regions of a genome are enriched for a particular histone modification in a single Arabidopsis thanliana genotype. Chromatin immunoprecipitation with antibodies raised against dimethyl histone-H3 lysine-9 (H3mK9) or dimethyl histone-H3 lysine-4 (H3mK4) is performed on a selected genotype. This purified DNA from each immunoprecipiation (mH3K9, mH3K4, no antibody control) is used for random amplification to increase the quantity of DNA for microarray hybridization. The amplified DNA from each experimental sample is then labeled with Cy5 and hybridized against total input DNA from the corresponding genotype, labeled in Cy3. In a single hybridization, the total input DNA serves as a baseline and is compared to the immunoprecipitated samples. Ratios of normalized signal intensities were calculated to identify enrichment of a particular sequence after immunoprecipitation, in comparison to the total input DNA. Dye swap analysis is carried out to take account of experimental variation by repeating the hybridization with identical samples labeled with Cy3 and Cy5, respectively. This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE1333: EV49+50, Histone 3 Lysine 4 methylation in wild-type Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings GSE1334: Histone 3 Lysine 4 methylation in ddm1 Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings GSE1335: EV104+105, Histone 3 Lysine 4 methylation in ddm1 Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings GSE1336: Ev106+107, Histone 3 Lysine 4 methylation in WT Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings GSE1337: EV51+52, Histone 3 Lysine 9 methylation in wild-type Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings GSE1338: EV59+60, Histone 3 Lysine 9 methylation in ddm1 Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings GSE1339: Histone 3 Lysine 9 methylation in wild-type Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings GSE1340: EV110+111, Histone 3 Lysine 9 methylation in ddm1 Arabidopsis thaliana seedlings Refer to individual Series
Project description:DNA methylation in wild type bolting plants, wild type seedlings, and ddm1 seedlings. The purpose of the McrBC methylation microarray assay is to determine which regions of a genome are methylated versus those that are unmethylated in a single Arabidopsis thanliana genotype. McrBC is a methylation-sensitive enzyme that restricts DNA only at purine-Cmethyl half sites when separated between 50bp and 3kb. A designated amount of DNA from a particular genotype is sheared to a size range of 1kb-10kb using nebulization. We restrict half of the nebulized DNA with McrBC, and the methylated fraction is then removed from the unmethylated fraction through gel purification of DNA fragments greater than 1kb.* The remaining nebulized DNA is subjected to the same gel purification scheme, but with no McrBC treatment. In a single hybridization, the untreated sample is labeled with Cy5 and the McrBC-treated sample with Cy3. Thus, after labeling and microarray hybridization, the ratio of normalized Cy5 to normalized Cy3 represents the relative methylation at the sequence represented by the spot on the microarray. Dye swap analysis is carried out to take account of experimental variation by repeating the hybridization with identical samples labeled with Cy3 and Cy5, respectively. This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE1329: DNA methylation in wild-type bolting Arabidopsis thaliana plants GSE1330: DNA methylation in ddm1 seedling Arabidopsis thaliana plants GSE1331: VC133+137, DNA methylation in ddm1 seedling Arabidopsis thaliana plants GSE1332: VC134+136, DNA methylation in wild-type seedling Arabidopsis thaliana plants Refer to individual Series
Project description:Substitution of chromosome 13 from Brown Norway BN/SsNHsd/Mcw (BN/Mcw) rats into the Dahl salt-sensitive SS/JrHsd/Mcw (SS/Mcw) rats resulted in substantial reduction of blood pressure salt sensitivity in this consomic rat strain designated SSBN13. In the present study, we attempted to identify genes associated with salt-sensitive hypertension by utilizing a custom, known-gene cDNA microarray to compare the mRNA expression profiles in the renal medulla (a tissue playing a pivotal role in long-term blood pressure regulation) of SS/Mcw and SSBN13 rats on either low-salt (0.4% NaCl) or high-salt (4% NaCl, 2 wk) diets. To increase the reliability of microarray data, we designed a four-way comparison experiment incorporating several levels of replication and developed a conservative yet robust data analysis method. Using this approach, from the 1,751 genes examined (representing more than 80% of all currently known rat genes), we identified 80 as being differentially expressed in at least 1 of the 4 comparisons.
Project description:A part of current research has intensively been focused on the proliferation and metabolic processes governing biological systems. Since the advent of high throughput methodologies like microarrays, the load of genomic data has increased geometrically and along with that the need for computational methods which will interpret these data. In the present work we study in vitro the common proliferation and metabolic processes, which are combined to the common oncogenic pathways, as far as gene expression is concerned, between the T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (CCRF-CEM) and the rhabdomyosarcoma (TE-671) cell lines. We present a computational approach, using cDNA microarrays, in order to identify commonalities between diverse biological systems. Our analysis predicted that JAK1, STAT1, PIAS2 and CDK4 are the driving forces in the two cell lines. This type of analysis can lead to the understanding of the common mechanisms that transform physiological cells to malignant, as well as it reveals a new holistic way to understandthe the dynamics of tumor onset as well as the mechanistics of oncogenic drivers. The present work is concerned with the common expressional profile of two cell lines: the T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (CCRF-CEM) and the rhabdomyosarcoma (TE-671) cell lines. Our investigation was focused on the identification of genes that share a common expression profile between the two cell lines. Both cell lines are characterized by the fact that their differentiation has stopped at an early stage, before they mature to their final cell type. Normally, these cells would have matured and progressed into differentiated cells, constituting blood and muscle cells, respectively. At some unknown point, normal differentiation ceased for these cells and they became malignant. From that point on, to the first manifestation of symptoms of malignancy, there is a lack of knowledge regarding the mechanisms underlying oncogenesis. From these observations, the question whether two distinct cell types destined to fulfill different functions, manifest similar mechanisms of growth and progression due to their malignant character, arises. The present study was focused on the identification of the differential expression profiles underlying the two cell lines. A previous report studied the expression profile of seven ARMS cell lines possessing the PAX3-FKHR fusion gene, along with other cell lines of different tumor types (22). To our knowledge, this is the first time that a comparison between two totally different types of neoplasia, such as the CCRF-CEM and TE-671 cell lines, is attempted. These mechanisms are examined with purpose to identify common drivers that lead to the progression of tumor cells. We hereby propose a new computational approach for the investigation of common oncogenic drivers.
Project description:The results of this study identified a number of pathways potentially important for the amelioration of hypertension and renal injury in SS-13BN/Mcw rats, and these results generated a series of testable hypotheses related to the role of the renal medulla in the complex mechanism of salt-sensitive hypertension. Rats were paired for microarray hybridization, and the results were analyzed. Each of the four between-group comparisons comprised three pairs of rats examined by six microarrays with dye switching for each pair. Dye switching was not necessary for within-group comparisons, because the two rats of each pair were equivalent in terms of their treatment status. The expression data from the present study were combined with those from 24 microarrays hybridized in our previous study and used to identify genes exhibiting the most distinct temporal patterns of expression between SS and SS-13BN/Mcw over the time course studied.