Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

8

Expression profiling of mouse dorsal skin during hair follicle cycling


ABSTRACT: Hair follicles undergo recurrent cycling of controlled growth (anagen), regression (catagen), and relative quiescence (telogen) with a defined periodicity. Taking a genomics approach to study gene expression during synchronized mouse hair follicle cycling, we discovered that, in addition to circadian fluctuation, CLOCK-regulated genes are also modulated in phase with the hair growth cycle. During telogen and early anagen, circadian clock genes are prominently expressed in the secondary hair germ, which contains precursor cells for the growing follicle. Analysis of Clock and Bmal1 mutant mice reveals a delay in anagen progression, and the secondary hair germ cells show decreased levels of phosphorylated Rb and lack mitotic cells, suggesting that circadian clock genes regulate anagen progression via their effect on the cell cycle. Consistent with a block at the G1 phase of the cell cycle, we show a significant upregulation of p21 in Bmal1 mutant skin. While circadian clock mechanisms have been implicated in a variety of diurnal biological processes, our findings indicate that circadian clock genes may be utilized to modulate the progression of non-diurnal cyclic processes. To investigate the molecular control of hair follicle cycling, we profiled mRNA expression in mouse dorsal skin at multiple representative time points in the synchronized second postnatal hair growth cycle and in a depilation-induced hair growth cycle. For profiling of second synchronized and depilation-induced hair growth cycle, the same upper-mid region of dorsal skin was excised from C57BL/6 mice at representative postnatal days (P). The time points for second hair growth cycle are classified into different phases of the hair growth cycle based on established morphological guidelines as follow: early anagen (P23, P25), mid anagen (P27), late anagen (P29, P34), early catagen (P37, P39), mid catagen (P41), and telogen (P44). Depilation-induced hair growth cycle by applying wax/rosin mixture on the dorsal skin of seven-week old mice (all follicles in telogen) was performed on mice. The corresponding phases of the hair growth cycle at number of days following depilation (D) is as follow: early anagen (D3), mid anagen (D5), late anagen (D8, D12), and early catagen (D17). For each time point, multiple biological replicates were profiled, with each mouse dorsal skin separately hybridized to an Affymetrix array.

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Ralf Paus   Alexander T Ihler  Kevin K Lin  Mikhail Geyfman  Padhraic Smyth  Darya Chudova  Bogi Andersen  Joseph S Takahashi  Vivek Kumar 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-11186 | ArrayExpress | 2009-07-17

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE11186PRJNA106889

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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Publications

Circadian clock genes contribute to the regulation of hair follicle cycling.

Lin Kevin K KK   Kumar Vivek V   Geyfman Mikhail M   Chudova Darya D   Ihler Alexander T AT   Smyth Padhraic P   Paus Ralf R   Takahashi Joseph S JS   Andersen Bogi B  

PLoS genetics 20090724 7


Hair follicles undergo recurrent cycling of controlled growth (anagen), regression (catagen), and relative quiescence (telogen) with a defined periodicity. Taking a genomics approach to study gene expression during synchronized mouse hair follicle cycling, we discovered that, in addition to circadian fluctuation, CLOCK-regulated genes are also modulated in phase with the hair growth cycle. During telogen and early anagen, circadian clock genes are prominently expressed in the secondary hair germ  ...[more]

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