Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

3

Chip-chip from MEF cells with H3ac, H4ac, H4K20me1, H3K27me3, H3K9me3, H4K20me3, H3K4me2, H3K4me3 and H3K9ac


ABSTRACT: Genome wide chromatin maps have shown that spreading repressive histone modifications such as H3K9me3 and H4K20me3 are present on pericentromeric and telomeric repeats and on the inactive X chromosome where H3K27me3 or H3K9me3 alternately modify megabasepair sized domains. However, only a few regions along an autosome of which Homeobox gene clusters are notable examples, have been shown to display spreading of repressive histone modifications. Here we present a ChIP-Chip map of repressive and active histone modifications along mouse Chr.17 in embryonic, fibroblast cells. Our results show that the majority of H3K27me3 modifications form BLOCs rather than focal peaks. H3K27me3 BLOCs modify silent genes of all types and their flanking intergenic regions, indicating a negative correlation between H3K27me3 and transcription. However, non-transcribed gene-poor regions also lacked H3K27me3. We therefore performed a low resolution analysis of whole mouse Chr.17 which revealed that H3K27me3 specifically marks megabasepair sized domains that are enriched for genes, SINEs and active histone modifications. These genic H3K27me3 domains alternate with similar sized gene-poor domains that are deficient in active histone modifications, but enriched for LINE and LTR transposons as well as H3K9me3 and H4K20me3. Thus, a mouse autosome can be seen to contain alternating chromatin bands that predominantly separate genes from one retrotransposons class, which could offer unique chromatin compartments for the specific regulation of genes or the silencing of transposons. Keywords: Chip-chip, chromosome 17 wide unbiased mapping unbiased mapping of several histone modifications on chromosome 17 in two independent MEF cell lines

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Florian M Pauler   Denise P Barlow  Mathew A Sloane 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-11335 | ArrayExpress | 2008-11-23

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE11335PRJNA109205

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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