Transcription profiling and RNAi of human Kasumi-1 AML cell line and U937 cell lines - AML1-ETO induction and knockdown
ABSTRACT: This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series:; GSE15646: Kasumi-1 AML1-ETO knockdown samples; GSE15647: U937 AML1-ETO inducible samples Experiment Overall Design: Refer to individual Series
Project description:Kasumi-1 AML cells that were transfected in triplicate with AML1-ETO or luciferase siRNA constructs by either Amaxa nucleofection or Biorad siLentFect and incubated for 96 hours. Microarrays used to discover an AML1-ETO signature for a GE-HTS screen to identify AML1-ETO modulators. Experiment Overall Design: Kasumi-1 AML cells incubated for 96 hours after they were transfected in triplicate with AML1-ETO or luciferase siRNA constructs by either Amaxa nucleofection or Biorad siLentFect along with three control samples not transfected with a construct.
Project description:The AML1/ETO fusion protein is essential to the development of acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and is well recognized for its dominant-negative effect on the co-existing wild-type protein AML1. However, the involvement of wild-type AML1 in AML1/ETO-driven leukemogenesis remains elusive. Through chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing, computational analysis plus a series of experimental validations, we report here that AML1 is able to orchestrate the expression of AML1/ETO targets regardless of being activated or repressed, via forming a complex with AML1/ETO and via recruiting the cofactor. 4 ChIP-seq assays were used to identify the high confidence binding regions of AML1-ETO and AML1 in t(8;21) AML Kasumi-1 cell lines. The anti-AML1 (N20) antibody targets the N-terminus of AML1 and recognizes both AML1 and AML1/ETO; the anti-AML1 (C19) antibody targets the C-terminus of AML1 and recognizes AML1 but not AML1/ETO; the anti-ETO (C20) antibody targets the C-terminus of ETO and specifically recognizes AML1/ETO. 2 ChIP-seq assays were used to identify the binding regions of AML1 in human macrophage U937 cell lines. And the total input was used as control.
Project description:U937 AML cells that express an inducible AML1-ETO construct under the control of the tetracycline promoter. Microarrays used to discover an AML1-ETO signature for a GE-HTS screen to identify AML1-ETO modulators. Experiment Overall Design: U937 AML cells that express an inducible AML1-ETO construct under the control of the tetracycline promoter at 0, 12, 24, 48, and 72 hours and corresponding controls (2 replicates each).
Project description:Compare the gene expression profile among human CD34+ cord blood cells infected with MIGR1, MIGR1-AML1-ETO or MIGR1-AML1-ETO∆NHR1 AML1-ETO promotes the self-renewal of human hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs). We found deletion of NHR1 domain abrogates AML1-ETO induced expasion of HSPCs. GFP+CD34+ human cord blood cells were sorted by FACS 72 hours after the infection for RNA extraction and hybridyzation for Affymetrix microarrays.
Project description:MEIS2 collaborates with AML1-ETO in inducing acute myeloid leukemia in a murine bone marrow transplantation model We employed RNA-seq to assess similarities/differences among murine leukemic bone marrow samples transduced with either AML1-ETO/Meis2, AML1-ETO9a/Meis2, or AML1-ETO9a
Project description:Cancer cells maintain a sensitive balance between growth-promoting oncogenes and apoptosis inhibitors. We show that WT RUNX1 is required for survival of t(8;21)-Kasumi-1 and inv(16)-ME-1 AML cell lines. The malignant AML phenotype is sustained by a delicate AML1-ETO/RUNX1 balance that involves competition for common DNA binding sites regulating a subset of AML1-ETO/RUNX1 targets. Genome expression was profiled after performing knockdown of RUNX1 and AML1-ETO in Kasumi-1 cells using specific siRNA-oligo nucleotides, and analyzed using Affymetrix Gene 1.0 ST arrays.
Project description:Approximately 20% of Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML) cases carry the t(8;21) translocation, which involves the AML1 and ETO genes, and express the resulting AML1/ETO fusion protein that functions as a transcriptional repressor by recruiting NCoR/SMRT/HDAC complexes to DNA. We used ChIP-chip to identify the determinants of AML1/ETO binding on a contiguous DNA region (chromosome 19). AML1/ETO binding regions are characterized by a specific sequence signature that includes the presence of the consensus binding sites for the AML1 and HEB transcription factors. We therefore assessed the binding patterns of AML1 and HEB on chromosome 19. A specific chromatin modification (tri-methylation of lysine 4 on histone 3 = 3MetK4) was also studied in U937 cells expressing AML1/ETO in order to correlate the identified binding profiles with active transcription sites. Keywords: ChIP-chip A U937 cell line that conditionally expresses HA-tagged AML1/ETO under the control of the mouse metallothionine promoter (U937-A1E) (Alcalay et al., J.Clin.Invest, 2003,112, 1751-1761) was used. Cell lines were treated for 8h with 100uM ZnSO4 to induce transgene expression in U937-A1E. We performed ChIP using anti-HA, anti-ETO, anti-AML1/RUNX1, anti-HEBor anti-3MetK4 antibodies. ChIP products were then PCR amplified, labeled with Cy3/Cy5 fluorescent dyes and hybridized to the NimbleGen custom made NGS_HG17_Chr.19Array. U937-Mt cells, which carry the empty vector, served as control (C) for non-specific antibody binding. Each sample identifier indicates Antibody_Cell line (example: HA_A1E = ChIP using anti HA antibody in U937-A1E cells; HA_C = ChIP using anti HA antibody in U937-Mt control cells)
Project description:This study characterizes the genome-side occupancy of AML1, AML1-ETO and the cofactors N-CoR and p300 in leukemics cells (Kasumi-1) to discover novel regulatory mechanisms involving genes bound by the t(8:21) fusion protein AML1-ETO. A significant discovery of our study is the co-localization of AML1-ETO with the N-CoR co-repressor on genomic regions that are primarily distal to the transcriptional start sites (TSSs). These regions exhibit over-representation of the PU.1 motif: PU.1 is a key hematopoietic regulator and member of the ETS family of transcription factors. Functionally, genes co-occupied by AML1-ETO and N-CoR (e.g., TYROBP and LAPTM5) are associated with the leukemic phenotype, as determined by analyses of gene ontology and by the observation that these genes are predominantly up-regulated upon AML1-ETO depletion. To further probe the regulatory context of these leukemic cells, genome-wide enrichment of the transcriptional initiation-associated histone modification H3K4me3 was also measured. Genome-wide study of transcription factor-DNA binding for AML1 (RUNX1) and the t(8;21) fusion protien AML1-ETO (RUNX1T1) in the Kasumi-1 leukemia cell line. The genome-wide binding of the disease-related cofactors N-CoR and p300 was assayed, along with enrichments of the H3K4me3 and H3K27me3 histone modifications.
Project description:DNA methylation is tightly regulated throughout mammalian development and altered methylation patterns are a hallmark of cancer. The methylcytosine dioxygenase TET2 is frequently mutated in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and has been suggested to protect CpG islands and promoters from aberrant methylation. By generating a novel mouse model of Tet2-deficient AML we show that loss of Tet2 in hematopoietic cells leads to progressive hypermethylation of active enhancer elements and altered expression of genes implicated in tumorigenesis. In contrast, CpG island and promoter methylation does not change in a Tet2-dependent manner. Furthermore, we confirm this specific enhancer hypermethylation phenotype in human AML patients. Thus, we propose that TET2 prevents leukemic transformation of hematopoietic cells by protecting enhancers from aberrant DNA methylation. Gene expression profiles from Tet2-/-;AML1-ETO and Tet2fl/fl;AML1-ETO in vitro-grown hematopoietic cells were compared using GeneChip Mouse Gene ST 2.0 Arrays (Affymetrix). Expression changes were investigated at early (passage 2) and late (passage 10) timepoints after Tet2 disruption.
Project description:Cancer cells maintain a sensitive balance between growth-promoting oncogenes and apoptosis inhibitors. We show that WT RUNX1 is required for survival of t(8;21)-Kasumi-1 and inv(16)-ME-1 AML cell lines. The malignant AML phenotype is sustained by a delicate AML1-ETO/RUNX1 balance that involves competition for common DNA binding sites regulating a subset of AML1-ETO/RUNX1 targets. Genomewide sequencing data is included herein: Transcription factors RUNX1 c-terminus and n-terminus which is shared with AML1-ETO were profiled independently), AML1-ETO and AP4 were profiled using ChIP-Seq in Kasumi-1 cells, as well as control ChIP-Seq experiments of non immune serum. Two replicates were performed for each transcription factor profiling and control experiment.