Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

532

A Genome-Wide Characterization of MicroRNA Genes in Maize


ABSTRACT: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that play essential roles in plant growth and development. We conducted a genome-wide survey of maize miRNA genes, characterizing their structure, expression, and evolution. Computational approaches based on homology and secondary structure modeling identified 150 high-confidence genes within 26 miRNA families. For 25 families, expression was verified by deep-sequencing of small RNA libraries that were prepared from an assortment of maize tissues. PCR-RACE amplification of 68 miRNA transcript precursors, representing 18 families conserved across several plant species, showed that splice variation and the use of alternative transcriptional start and stop sites is common within this class of genes. Comparison of sequence variation data from diverse maize inbred lines versus teosinte accessions suggest that the mature miRNAs are under strong purifying selection while the flanking sequences evolve equivalently to other genes. Since maize is derived from an ancient tetraploid, the effect of whole-genome duplication on miRNA evolution was examined. We found that, like protein-coding genes, duplicated miRNA genes underwent extensive gene-loss, with ~35% of duplicate homeologous miRNA genes retained. This number is higher than that observed with protein-coding genes. A search for putative miRNA targets indicated a bias towards genes in regulatory and metabolic pathways. As maize is one of the principal models for plant growth and development, this study will serve as a foundation for future research into the functional roles of miRNA genes. Surveying miRNA genes in 5 maize tissues (root, seedling, tassel, ear, and pollen) by sequencing small RNA libraries using the Illumina Genome Analyzer

ORGANISM(S): Zea mays  

SUBMITTER: Lifang Zhang   Jer-M Chia  Doreen Ware  Jer-Ming Chia  Zhijie Liu 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-17943 | ArrayExpress | 2009-11-23

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): SRP001551GSE17943PRJNA119855

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress, ENA

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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, non-coding RNAs that play essential roles in plant growth, development, and stress response. We conducted a genome-wide survey of maize miRNA genes, characterizing their structure, expression, and evolution. Computational approaches based on homology and secondary structure modeling identified 150 high-confidence genes within 26 miRNA families. For 25 families, expression was verified by deep-sequencing of small RNA libraries that were prepared from an assortment of  ...[more]

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