Dataset Information


IntDCs versus LCs

ABSTRACT: miRNA profiling of CD34+ derived, in vitro-generated Langerhans cells (LCs) and interstitial-type dendritic cells (intDCs). Epidermal Langerhans cells (LCs) form a network of dendritic cells (DCs) in basal/suprabasal layers of the skin and are characterized by a unique phenotype (CD207+ CD1abright CD324+ CD11b-). Due to their specific location at body surfaces, LCs are constantly exposed to environmental stimuli. Conversely, interstitial-type DCs (intDCs) are located in adjacent tissues and can be discriminated from LCs phenotypically (CD207- CD1adim CD324- CD11b+). These DCs constitute a second line of defense against pathogens that have crossed the epithelial barrier. During development both DC subsets originally arise from myeloid progenitor cells via monocyte-committed intermediates in response to specific microenvironmental signals. Additionally certain pools of DCs can be replenished by tissue resident cells or monocytes in response to specific microenvironmental signals (2, 4, 5). In vitro generated GM-CSF/IL-4-dependent DCs derived either from CD14+ monocytes or via CD14+CD11b+ monocyte intermediates from CD34+ progenitor cells share many characteristics with intDCs in vivo. On the other hand, LCs generated from CD34+ cells under serum-free TGF-beta1-dependent conditions phenotypically resemble epidermal-resident LCs. Since these two DC subsets are of considerable interest for clinical cell therapy studies, an improved understanding of their development and function is of substantial relevance. To identify differentially expressed miRNAs in DC subsets, we performed a miRNA screen. Therefore, we generated LCs or intDCs from human CD34+ cord blood haematopoietic progenitor cells as described. For intDCs, CD34+ cells (1 x 104 to 2 x 104/ml per well) were cultured in 24-well tissue culture plates in serum free CellGro® DC medium (CellGenix, Freiburg, Germany) supplemented with GM-CSF (100 ng/ml), SCF (20 ng/ml), FL (50 ng/ml) and TNFalpha (2.5 ng/ml) for 3-5 days and subsequently with GM-CSF (100 ng/ml) and IL-4 (2.5 ng/ml) for 4-5 days. For LCs, CD34+ cells (1 x 104 to 2 x 104/ml per well) were cultured in 24-well tissue culture plates in serum free CellGro® DC medium (CellGenix, Freiburg, Germany) supplemented with GM-CSF (100 ng/ml), SCF (20 ng/ml), FL (50 ng/ml), TNFalpha (2.5 ng/ml) and TGF-beta1 (0.5 ng/ml). The well-established immunophenotype of LCs (CD1ahi CD11b- CD207+ CD324+) and intDCs (CD1a+ CD11b+ CD207- CD324-) was confirmed by FACS. These two DC subsets were purified and submitted to differential miRNA profiling. Two conditioned experiment LCs vs. intDCs. Biological replicates: 3 LCs, 3 intDCs, independently differentiated, harvested and purified. 3 replicates each were pooled and hybridized on one array. Supplementary files linked below.

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Herbert Strobl   Jennifer Jurkin  Berhard Gesslbauer 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-20215 | ArrayExpress | 2010-06-24



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miR-146a is differentially expressed by myeloid dendritic cell subsets and desensitizes cells to TLR2-dependent activation.

Jurkin Jennifer J   Schichl Yvonne M YM   Koeffel Rene R   Bauer Thomas T   Richter Susanne S   Konradi Sabine S   Gesslbauer Bernhard B   Strobl Herbert H  

Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950) 20100407 9

Langerhans cells (LCs) in epithelia and interstitial dendritic cells (intDCs) in adjacent connective tissues represent two closely related myeloid-derived DC subsets that exert specialized functions in the immune system and are of clinical relevance for cell therapy. Both subsets arise from monocyte-committed intermediates in response to tissue-associated microenvironmental signals; however, molecular mechanisms underlying myeloid DC subset specification and function remain poorly defined. Using  ...[more]

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