Dataset Information


Bile Salts Influence Virulence Properties of E. coli O157:H7

ABSTRACT: Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC), including serotype O157:H7, cause severe food-borne illness. On route to the human colon, they encounter and resist, numerous anti-microbial ingestion stresses. We hypothesize that these stresses cue EHEC to alter virulence properties. This study investigated the impact of bile salts on virulence properties and examined the genetic basis of the phenotypes. Established assays were used to examine adhesion to human epithelial cells, motility, verotoxin (VT) production and antimicrobial resistance with/without bile salt stress. Bacteria treated for 90 minute in DMEM plus 0.15% (w/v) bile salt mix demonstrated significantly enhanced adhesion to epithelial cells and resistance to several antibiotics but did not increase motility or VT production. To determine the genetic basis of these phenotypes a microarray experiment was conducted. EHEC strain 86-24, in mid-log phase of growth, were grown in DMEM pH 7.4 (control), or DMEM plus bile salt mix (0.15% w/v), for 90 minutes, statically at 37˚C, 5% CO2 prior to harvesting RNA for the microarray study. Four biological replicates were produced for each treatment. Microarray and gene expression analysis (semi-quantitative RT-PCR and beta-galactosidase reporter assays) of bile salt-treated EHEC revealed significant up-regulation of genes for lipid A modification, fimbriae, an efflux pump, and a two-component regulatory system relative to the bacteria grown in DMEM alone. This work points to several mechanisms that EHEC employs to resist the stresses of the human small intestine, notably efflux, antimicrobial resistance, and outer membrane alterations. Bile salts enhanced the virulence-related properties of increased adhesion and resistance to antimicrobials but not VT production or motility. This research contributes to our understanding of how EHEC senses and responds to host environmental signals and the mechanisms this pathogen uses to successfully colonize and infect the human host. Bacteria were grown in LB broth overnight with shaking, then subcultured into DMEM and grown statically at 37˚C, 5%CO2 to mid-log phase. Bacteria were then subjected to one of two 90 minute treatments: 1) Control: DMEM pH 7.4, or 2) Bile Salt Stress: DMEM pH 7.4 plus 0.15%, grown statically at 37˚C, 5%CO2.

ORGANISM(S): Escherichia coli  

SUBMITTER: Ahferom Gebremedhin   Anca Serbanescu  Debora Foster  Julianne V Kus  Vica Dang  Debora Barnett-Foster 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-22060 | ArrayExpress | 2011-09-05



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Bile salts induce resistance to polymyxin in enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7.

Kus Julianne V JV   Gebremedhin Ahferom A   Dang Vica V   Tran Seav-Ly SL   Serbanescu Anca A   Barnett Foster Debora D  

Journal of Bacteriology 20110701 17

Many enteric bacteria use bile as an environmental cue to signal resistance and virulence gene expression. Microarray analysis of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 (EHEC) treated with bile salts revealed upregulation of genes for an efflux system (acrAB), a two-component signal transduction system (basRS/pmrAB), and lipid A modification (arnBCADTEF and ugd). Bile salt treatment of EHEC produced a basS- and arnT-dependent resistance to polymyxin. ...[more]

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