Genomics

Dataset Information

493

Integrative model of genomic factors for determining binding site selection by estrogen receptor alpha in MCF-7 cancer cells


ABSTRACT: Using the estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) as a model ligand inducible transcription factor, we sought to explicitly define parameters that determine transcription factor binding site selection on a genomic scale in an inducible system that minimizes confounding chromatin effects by the transcription factor itself. By examining several genetic and epigenetic parameters, we find that an energetically favorable estrogen response element (ERE) motif sequence, evidence of occupancy of a "pioneering" transcription factor FOXA1, the presence of the enhancer mark, H3K4me1, and an open chromatin configuration (FAIRE) at the pre-ligand state provide specificity for ER binding. Genome-wide ChIP-sequencing was done in MCF-7 cancer cell line for the following histone H3 modifications: monomethylation H3K4me1, trimethylation H3K4me3, H3K9me3, H3K27me3, acetylation H3K9ac, H3K14ac. In addition sequencing of RNA Pol II was done at same treatment conditions (E2 and DMSO). In addition, we assessed the chromatin configuration of ERα binding sites by deeply sequencing fragments isolated by Formaldehyde-Assisted Isolation of Regulatory Elements (FAIRE) (Giresi et al, 2007) which enriches for nucleosome free genomic DNA in the aqueous phase of a phenol extraction. The analysis histone modifications in MCF-7 cancer cells was done by ChIP-seq data obtained either with E2 stimulation or without stimulation using vehicle as a control. Using the ERα binding sites defined by ChIP-seq (separate submission), we analyzed the population characteristics of the chromatin configuration of the ERα binding sites. To this end, we performed ChIP-seq analysis for the occupancy configuration of each of the following marks before and after E2 exposure: RNA Pol II, the activation marks H3K4me1, H3K4me3, H3K9ac and H3K14ac, and the repression marks H3K9me3 and H3K27me3. We assessed the chromatin configuration of ERα binding sites by deeply sequencing fragments isolated by Formaldehyde-Assisted Isolation of Regulatory Elements (FAIRE) (Giresi et al, 2007) which enriches for nucleosome free genomic DNA in the aqueous phase of a phenol extraction. The tag count of FAIRE fragments reflects the nucleosome depletion at any given site. RNA Pol II - Cat# ab5408, Abcam; H3K9me3 - Cat# ab8898, Abcam; H3K27me3 - Cat# 07-449, Upstate Biotechnology Inc.; H3K4me1 - Cat# ab8895, Abcam; H3K4me3 - Cat# ab8580, Abcam; H3K9ac - Cat# 07-352, Upstate Biotechnology Inc.; H3K14ac - Cat# 07-353, Upstate Biotechnology Inc.

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Roy Joseph   Yuriy L Orlov  Edison T Liu  Say L Kong 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-23701 | ArrayExpress | 2011-01-04

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE23701SRP005377PRJNA130905

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress, ENA

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Integrative model of genomic factors for determining binding site selection by estrogen receptor-α.

Joseph Roy R   Orlov Yuriy L YL   Huss Mikael M   Sun Wenjie W   Kong Say Li SL   Ukil Leena L   Pan You Fu YF   Li Guoliang G   Lim Michael M   Thomsen Jane S JS   Ruan Yijun Y   Clarke Neil D ND   Prabhakar Shyam S   Cheung Edwin E   Liu Edison T ET  

Molecular systems biology 20101201


A major question in transcription factor (TF) biology is why a TF binds to only a small fraction of motif eligible binding sites in the genome. Using the estrogen receptor-α as a model system, we sought to explicitly define parameters that determine TF-binding site selection. By examining 12 genetic and epigenetic parameters, we find that an energetically favorable estrogen response element (ERE) motif sequence, co-occupancy by the TF FOXA1, the presence of the H3K4me1 mark and an open chromatin  ...[more]

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