An integrative analysis of the SOX2 response program in glioblastoma
ABSTRACT: This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE23795: Chip-Seq analysis of Sox2 protein genome-wide DNA binding sites in glioma cancer cells GSE23838: Genes regulated by Sox2 in glioma cancer cell line Refer to individual Series
BACKGROUND: SOX2 is a key gene implicated in maintaining the stemness of embryonic and adult stem cells. SOX2 appears to re-activate in several human cancers including glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), however, the detailed response program of SOX2 in GBM has not yet been defined. RESULTS: We show that knockdown of the SOX2 gene in LN229 GBM cells reduces cell proliferation and colony formation. We then comprehensively characterize the SOX2 response program by an integrated analysis using several a ...[more]
Project description:Knockdown of Sox2 in LN229 gliomal cancer cells decrease their growth rates in vitro. We used microarrays to detail the global programme of gene expression in Sox2 Knockdown LN229 cells compared with mock knockdown LN229 cells Sox2 knockdown LN229 cells and and mock knockdown LN229 cells were cultured in DMEM cell culture media for RNA extraction and hybridization on Applied Biosystems Human Genome Survey Microarrays . We sought to obtain the genes regulated by Sox2 in glioma cell line.
Project description:We report that knockdown of the lncRNA RMST changes the chromatin binding profile of the transcription factor SOX2. Examination of SOX2 chromatin binding profile under normal and RMST-depleted conditions in differentiating neural stem cells.
Project description:An immortalized multipotent otic progenitor (iMOP) cell was generated by transient expression of c-Myc in Sox2-expressing otic progenitor cells. The procedure activated endogenous c-Myc expression in the cells and amplified existing Sox2-dependent transcripts to promote self-renewal. Downregulation of c-Myc expression following growth factor withdrawal resulted in a molecular switch from self-renewal to otic differentiation. ChIP-Seq was accomplished by immunoprecipitating endogenous RNA PolII, c-Myc and Sox2
Project description:Sox2 is a master transcriptional regulator of embryonic development. Having found that Sox2 interacts with RNA-binding proteins, we designed an experiment to discover RNAs associated with Sox2 and other pluripotency factors. Briefly, we used RNA immunoprecipitation followed by high-throughput sequencing (RIP-seq) to sequence transcriptomes enriched for RNAs associated with Klf4, Nanog, Oct4, Sox2 and Suz12. For completeness, this submission includes all RIP-seq data from this study, although some of the data was only used for exploratory analyses. Such analysis indicated that it was important to include input samples for each of the the cell lines that were to be compared, to account for differences in gene expression (e.g. between J1-birA with and without bioSox2), and that overnight IP was more informative than 3 h IP. Therefore, the analysis described in the associated manuscript used samples from experiment batch 3 and 4 only (samples 11-18).
Project description:We performed genome-wide profiling of oligodendrocyte lineage transcription factor 2 (Olig2) and other histone markers in platelet-derived growth factor subunit B (PDGFB)-induced glioma and genome-occupancy analyses coupled with transcriptome profiling to reveal gene regulatory network. Examination of Olig2, H327Ac, and H3K4me3 genome-wide occupancy in PDGFB-induced Ctrl-T and Olig2cKO brain tumors (gliomas).
Project description:Genetic control of pluripotent mammalian ES cells is determined by a transcriptional network, with a "central core" of transcription factors, Pou5f1, Sox2 and Nanog. Zebrafish homologues of the "core pluripotency factors" Pou5f1, SoxB1 and Nanog-like are also crucially involved in early development. However, the degree of functional similarity of the network between mammals and non-mammals is a matter of debate. To identify the components of Pou5f1-dependent transcriptional networks, we determined the genomic binding sites for Pou5f1 and Sox2 in late blastula stage zebrafish embryos using ChIP-seq. We found that Sox2 and Pou5f1 are co-binding to the regulatory regions of Sox2, Pou5f1, and Nanog-like, as well as to multiple orthologues of mammalian plutipotency network components. Deep sequencing was performed using the Illumina GAIIx on DNA samples obtained from Sox2 ChIP, Pou5f1-Flag ChIP and Input Control. Pou5f1 was analysed in technical duplicates to obtain higher sequencing depth.
Project description:We report that knockdown of the lncRNA RMST changes the gene expression profile of neural stem cells. RMST and SOX2 regulates a common subset of downstream targets. Examination of genome wide transcriptomic changes upon knockdown of the lncRNA RMST.
Project description:Purpose: Sox2 expression marks gastric stem and progenitor cells, raising important questions regarding the genes regulated by Sox2 and the role of Sox2 itself during stomach homeostasis and disease. The goal of this study is to determine the function of and the genes regulated by Sox2 in the stomach. Methods: Sox2 ChIP-enriched DNA and input DNA was isolated from gastric glands of adult antrum from Sox2 KO and Sox2 WT mice. DNA was purified and genomic libraries were prepared as described (Sulahian et al., 2014), using four micrograms of goat anti-SOX2 (AF2018, R&D). Libraries were sequenced (50 bp, single-end reads) on an Illumina Hi-Seq 2000 instrument. Results: Sox2 is dispensiable for gastric stem cell self-renewal and epithelial homeostasis, however modulates the expression of wnt, intestinal and cancer related genes Examination of Sox2 targets in the stomachs of Sox2 WT and Sox2 KO mice.