ABSTRACT: Analysis of transformed MSCs at gene expression level. The aim in the present study was that overexpression of MYC in the MSCs alter gene expression of MSCs. Results provide important information of the response of overexpresion of MYCs, such as up- or down-regulated specific anabolic/catabolic cellular functions. Total RNA obtained from transformed MSCs or MSC culture cells at different passages.
Project description:Analysis of transformed MSCs at gene expression level. The aim in the present study was that overexpression of MYC in the MSCs alter gene expression of MSCs. Results provide important information of the response of overexpresion of MYCs, such as up- or down-regulated specific anabolic/catabolic cellular functions. Overall design: Total RNA obtained from transformed MSCs or MSC culture cells at different passages.
Project description:Six commercially available MSC lines were expanded from passage 3 to 7 and their miRNA expression was evaluated using microarray technology. Statistical analyses of our data revealed that 71 miRNAs out of 939 examined were expressed by this set of MSC lines at all passages and the expression of 11 miRNAs were significantly different between passage 3 and 7. Overall design: Randomized Block Design - Repeated Measures Experiment: MSCs from 8 different donors at 3 passages (passages 3, 5, & 7) with technical replicates at each passage
Project description:Ex-vivo expanded mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) are increasingly used for paracrine support of hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) regeneration, but inconsistent outcomes have been the huddle for on-going clinical trials. Here, we hypothesized that the heterogeneity in the niche activity of manufactured MSCs can be a parameter for variable outcomes in MSC-based cell therapy. We first screened MSC culture medium and found that serum batches caused larger variations in colony forming unit-fibroblast (CFU-F) content of MSCs than individual donor variations. The culture conditions supporting high (stimulatory) and low (non-stimulatory) CFU-F caused distinct niche activity of MSCs; MSCs under stimulatory condition exhibited higher level expression of cross-talk molecules (Jagged-1 and CXCL-12) and higher support for HSCS during long-term culture than MSCs under non-stimulatory culture. Moreover, the effects of MSCs enhancing hematopoietic engraftment were only visible when HSCs were co-transplanted with MSCs expanded under stimulatory, but not non-stimulatory conditions. However, these differences of MSCs were readily reversed by switching the culture mediums, indicating their distinct functional state, rather than clonal heterogeneity. Accordingly, transcriptomic analysis showed distinct gene set enrichment between the different MSCs and revealed distinct upstream signaling pathways such as inhibition of P53 and activation of ATF4 for MSCs under stimulatory conditions. Taken together, our study shows that the heterogeneity in the niche activity of MSCs can be created during ex-vivo expansion to cause a difference in the hematopoietic engraftment and raise the possibility that MSCs can be pre-screened for more predictable outcomes in clinical trials of MSCs. Total RNA obtained from isolated human mesenchymal stromal cells. To compare stimulatory (SS) serum and non-stimulatory (NSS) serums, MSCs had been maintained in each serum media were sub-cultured for at least two passages before analysis.
Project description:Transcriptional profiling of COLO 320 xenograft tumor cells comparing control COLO 320 xenograft without co-implanted rat MSCs with COLO 320 xenograft with co-implanted rat MSCs. The latter makes co-implanted MSCs visualization possible by using MSCs labeled by GFP under FACS and single cell microscopy. Two-condition experiment, COLO 320 xenograft without rat MSCs [COLO320 MSC(-)] vs. COLO 320 xenograft with rat MSCs [COLO320 MSC(+)]. Biological replicates: 1 control, 1 sample, paired xengraft tumor cells grown and harvested from the same mouse host. One replicate per array.
Project description:Bovine chondrocyte-seeded and mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-seeded agarose were cultured for 28 days in chemically defined media containing 10 ng/mL TGF-beta3. Chondrogenic differentiated MSCs were compared to chondrocytes at this timepoint and to undifferentiated MSCs harvested at day 0. Donor-matched sets of chondrocytes and MSCs were used, with three donors total.
Project description:Bovine chondrocyte-seeded and mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-seeded agarose were cultured for 28 days in chemically defined media containing 10 ng/mL TGF-beta3. Chondrogenic differentiated MSCs were compared to chondrocytes at this timepoint and to undifferentiated MSCs harvested at day 0. Overall design: Donor-matched sets of chondrocytes and MSCs were used, with three donors total.
Project description:We report the application of next-generation sequencing (NGS) to analysis the gene expression profile among three different cells:SF-MSCs, iPSCs and iPSC-MSCs. Our results shown that iPSC-MSCs were more similar to SF-MSCs than iPSCs. Overall design: Human SF-MSCs were reprogrammed through the non-viral, integration-free episomal approach into induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), which were then subsequently differentiated into MSCs to establish iPSC-MSC lines.
Project description:Although different sarcomas have been modeled in mice upon expression of fusion oncogenes in MSCs, sarcomagenesis has not been successfully modeled in human MSCs (hMSCs). We report that FUS-CHOP, a hallmark fusion gene in mixoid liposarcoma (MLS), has an instructive role in lineage commitment, and its expression in hMSC sequentially immortalized/transformed with up to 5 oncogenic hits (p53 and Rb deficiency, hTERT over-expression, c-myc stabilization and H-RASv12 mutation) drives the formation of serially transplantable MLS. This is the first model of sarcoma based on the expression of a sarcoma-associated fusion protein in hMSC, and allowed us to unravel the differentiation processes and signaling pathways altered in the MLS-initiating cells. This study will contribute to test novel therapeutic approaches, and constitutes a proof-of-concept to employ hMSCs as target cell for modeling other fusion gene-associated human sarcomas. Wild type (MSC-0H) or transformed (MSC-5H) BM-hMSCs were transduced with concentrated viral particles expressing either pRRL-EF1α-PGK-GFP (empty vector; GFP) or pRRL-EF1α-FUS-CHOP-PGK-GFP (FUSCHOP expressing vector; FC) in order to generate MSC-0H-GFP, MSC-0H-FC, MSC-5H-GFP and MSC-5H-FC cell lines. MSC-0H-GFP and MSC-0H-FC cells did not develop tumors, meanwhile MSC-5H-GFP cells gave rise to undifferentiated sarcomas and MSC-5H-FC originated mixoid liposarcoma tumors when inoculated into immunedeficient mice. Several cell lines were derived from tumors developed from MSC-5H-GFP (T-5H-GFP-1 to -3 cell lines) and MSC-5H-FC (T-5H-FC-1 to -3 cell lines) cells. Gene expression analysis was performed using MSC-0H, MSC-5H and T-5H cell lines and lists of differentially expressed genes were created by comparing the gene expression profiles of MSC-0H-FC, MSC-5H-FC and T-5H-FC cell types to the control MSC-0H-GFP cells.
Project description:Hutchinson Gilford Progeria Syndrome (HGPS) is a rare, sporadic genetic disease caused by mutations in the nuclear lamin A gene. In most cases the mutation creates an efficient donor-splice site that generates an altered transcript encoding a truncated lamin A protein, progerin. In vitro studies have indicated that progerin can disrupt nuclear function. HGPS affects mainly mesenchymal lineages but the shortage of patient material has precluded a tissue-wide molecular survey of progerin’s cellular impact. We report here a new, induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-based model for studying HGPS. HGPS dermal fibroblasts were reprogrammed into iPSC lines using a cocktail of the transcription factor genes, OCT4, SOX2, KLF4 and C-MYC. The iPSC cells were differentiated into neural progenitors (NPs), endothelial cells (ECs), fibroblast-like cells and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Progerin levels in the different cell types followed the pattern MSC≥ fibroblast>EC>>NP. Functionally, we detected a major impact of progerin on MSC function. We show that HGPS-MSCs are vulnerable to the ischemic conditions found in a murine hind limb recovery model and an in vitro hypoxia assay, as well as showing enhanced sensitivity in a serum starvation assay. Since there is widespread consensus that MSCs reside in low oxygen niches in vivo, we propose that these conditions lead to an accelerated depletion of the MSC pool in HGPS patients with consequent accretion of mesenchymal tissue. Analysis of iPSCs, hESCs and parental fibroblasts at the gene expression level. The comparison analysis in the present study was expected to show the similarity between iPSCs, hESCs and parental fibroblasts. Results provide important information of the differences between iPSCs, hESCs and parental fibroblasts. Total RNA was obtained from different samples (iPSCs, hESCs, and fibroblasts) separately.
Project description:Osteosarcoma is a relatively rare solid tumour, but the most common primary bone cancer. It predominantly affects young people and is highly malignant, requiring aggressive surgical resection and cytotoxic chemotherapy. Five-year survival for patients with metastatic osteosarcoma is only around 30% 14. We report that pigs with heterozygous and homozygous inactivation of TP53 consistently develop osteosarcomas, providing a new model of osteosarcoma at human scale to understand and treat this devastating disease. Gene expression profiling and data analysis was further described in 'A porcine model of osteosarcoma' by Anja Saalfrank et al. (2016). Differential gene expression profiles of MSCs and sarcomas relative to wild type in order to identify transcriptional changes associated with the stages of porcine MSC transformation