Human gene expression altered by Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) Entry
ABSTRACT: human foreskin fibroblasts were infected with HCMV We monitor cellular gene expression network altered by HCMV entry using Affymetrix Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 Array 2 time points were measured, 5min, 25min
Project description:human foreskin fibroblasts were infected with HCMV We monitor cellular gene expression network altered by HCMV entry using Affymetrix Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 Array Overall design: 2 time points were measured, 5min, 25min
Project description:HCMV -treated and control human adult neural precurso cells (NPC) were used to extract RNA for profiling on DNA arrays Primary adult hippocampus-derived neural precursor cells were used at passage # 2-4 for HCMV infection, followed by RNA extraction at indicated times Primary adult neural precursor cells were infected with HCMV strains Towne and TR (O.1MOI) and RNA was extracted at 72 hrs postinfection for expression profiling on both HCMV and Affymetrix DNA arrays
Project description:Small RNA deep sequencing analysis was conducted on primary human fibroblasts infected with human cytomegalovirus (HCMV). HCMV-encoded miRNAs accumulated to ~20% of the total smRNA population at late stages of infection, and our analysis led to improvements in viral miRNA annotations and identification of novel HCMV miRNAs. Through crosslinking and immunoprecipitation of Argonaute-bound RNAs from infected cells, followed by high-throughput sequencing (Ago CLIP-seq), we obtained direct evidence for incorporation of all HCMV miRNAs into the endogenous host silencing machinery. Additionally, significant upregulation was observed during infection for a host miRNA cluster containing miR-96, miR-182 and miR-183. We also identified novel non-miRNA forms of virus-derived smRNAs, revealing greater complexity within the smRNA population during HCMV infection. High-throughput profiling of smRNAs, Ago1-, and Ago2-associated miRNAs from HCMV-infected fibroblast cells. Wild-type HCMV Towne (Genbank FJ616285.1) was used for these studies.
Project description:Genome-wide profiling establishes that human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) exerts an extensive, unforeseen level of specific control over which cellular mRNAs are recruited to or excluded from polyribosomes. The landscape of translationally-regulated host mRNAs regulates HCMV replication. The HCMV imposed translational signature shares similarities with cancer cells Two biological replicate experiments were performed profiling total and polysomal mRNAs from i) HCMV-infected vs mock-infected cells and ii) uninfected cells transduced with a lentivirus expressing doxycyclin (dox)-inducible HCMV UL38 +/- dox. Analysis of translationally-controlled host genes in HCMV-infected cell and cells expressing the HCMV UL38 gene product
Project description:Our results suggest that HCMV infection disrupts the self-renewal capacity of NPCs and influences their differentiation. Whole genome expression analysis revealed many changes in cellular gene expression, including downregulation of genes pertinent to the neuronal lineage. Experiment Overall Design: For gene expression analysis, cells were either mock- or virus-infected. Mock-infected cells were harvested at 12 hpi, virus infected cells were harvested at 4, 12 and 24 hpi. Virus- and mock-infections were performed in duplicate, with each individual sample harvested separately, thereby acting as biological replicates for analysis.
Project description:Human cytomegalovirus induces a pro-inflammatory monocyte following infection. To begin to address how HCMV induces these rapid changes in infected monocytes, we examined the transcriptome of infected monocytes. Global transcriptional profiling using cDNA microarrays revealed a significant number of pro-inflammatory genes were upregulated within 4 hours post infection. Experiment Overall Design: To begin to globally define the HCMV-induced changes in monocyte function, we performed a transcriptome analysis. Specifically, a cDNA microarray containing 12,626 unique probe sets was utilized to assess the modulation of the monocyte transcriptome at 4 hours post infection. A total of 6 replicates from mock-infected and 6 replicates from HCMV-infected monocytes were analyzed in this study.
Project description:Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised and immunosuppressed individuals. During infection, HCMV is known to employ host transcription factors to facilitate viral gene expression. To further understand the previously observed delayed viral replication and protein expression in p53 knockout cells, we conducted microarray analyses on p53+/+ and p53-/- immortalized fibroblast cell lines. At 12 hpi, applying the significance criteria defined above, no genes showed a significant difference in any of the comparisons. At 24 hpi, we found 19 genes to be significantly different in the THF versus p53-/- comparison and 14 genes to be significantly different in the HFF versus p53-/- comparison. Eleven genes were shared between HFF and THF cells when compared to p53-/- cells (UL30, UL54, UL63, UL65, UL69, UL75, UL110, UL122, IRL4, IRS1, TRS1, shown in bold in Table 1). Eight genes were unique in the THF versus p53-/- comparison (UL48, UL68, UL84, UL100, UL106, UL109, UL111, RL5A), and three genes in the HFF versus p53-/- cell comparison (UL14, UL16, US2). When comparing HFF and THF cells, only US2 showed a significant difference. The ratio (HFF versus p53-/- divided by THF versus p53-/-) of the expression levels of the eleven shared genes from the HFF versus p53-/- and THF versus p53-/- comparisons was an averaged 1.2, indicating that, with the exception of US2, these two cell lines behaved similarly with respect to p53-driven viral gene expression. Keywords: time course, virus, cytomegalo, hhv5, infection, p53 Each slide consisted of 4 arrays. Each array consisted of 305 control features, 1265 cellular gene features and 670 viral gene features. The study was performed on 6 slides (HFF-THF, HFF-p53-/-, THF-p53-/- at 12 and 24 hpi). 3 arrays per slide were hybridized with 3 biological replicates of labelled RNA, the 4th array was hybridized with an equimolar mixture of the 3 biological replicate samples. This array was used for control purposes only, and the results were not used for downstream calculations. Each slide was stripped and reprobed two times to provide 3 technical replicates of each sample. As our experiments concentrated on viral genes and their expression, cellular genes were not further analyzed in this study.
Project description:We have established that human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection modulates the biology of target primary blood monocytes, allowing HCMV to use monocytes as 'vehicles' for its systemic spread. HCMV infection of monocytes results in rapid induction of PI(3)K and NF-kB activity. Integrins, which are upstream of the PI(3)K and NF-kB pathways, were shown to be involved in HCMV binding to and entry into fibroblasts, suggesting that receptor-ligand-mediated signaling following viral binding to integrins on monocytes could trigger the functional changes seen in infected monocytes. We now show that integrin engagement and the activation of the integrin/Src-signaling pathway is essential for the induction of HCMV-infected monocyte motility. To investigate how integrin engagement by HCMV triggers monocyte motility, we examined the infected monocyte transcriptome and found that the integrin/Src-signaling pathway regulates the expression of paxillin, which is an important signal transducer in the regulation of actin rearrangement during cell adhesion and movement. Functionally, we observed that paxillin is activated via the integrin/Src-signaling pathway and is required for monocyte motility. Because motility is intimately connected to cellular cytoskeletal organization, a process that is also important in viral entry, we investigated the role paxillin regulation plays in the process of viral entry of monocytes. New results confirmed that HCMV`s ability to enter target monocytes is significantly inhibited in cells deficient in paxillin expression or that had their integrin/Src/paxillin signaling pathway blocked. From our data, HCMV-cell interactions emerge as an essential trigger for the cellular changes that allow for HCMV entry and hematogenous dissemination. Monocytes were mock-infected, HCMV-infected, or pretreated with PP2 inhibitor prior to HCMV infection. There were three samples analyzed per individual replicate. Three replicates are included. comparative studies with a use of the specific Src kinase activity inhibitor
Project description:Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) induces pro-inflammatory monocytes following infection and we have evidence that EGFR is a key mediator in this early activation. To begin to address how this signalling pathway is responsible for the rapid activation of infected monocytes, we examined the role this pathway played in the transcriptome of infected monocytes. Global transcriptional profiling using cDNA microarrays revealed a significant number of genes, including inflammatory genes, were regulated in a EGFR-dependent manner, identifying this pathway as a key cellular control point in the conversion of monocytes to an activated pro-inflammatory state following HCMV infection. Keywords: Disease state To begin to globally define how EGFR is involved in the HCMV-induced changes in monocyte function, we performed a transcriptome analysis in the presence of inhibitors to the EGFR signalling pathway. Specifically, a cDNA microarray containing 12,625 unique probe sets was utilized to assess the modulation of the monocyte transcriptome at 24 hours post infection in the presence of blocking anti-EGFR antibody and pharmacological agent AG1478 (AG; an EGFR inhibitor). A total of 4 replicates from mock-infected, HCMV-infected, anti-EGFR antibody-pretreated infected and AG-pretreated infected monocytes were analyzed in this study.
Project description:Infection of human fibroblasts with either human cytomegalovirus strain AD169 or a recombinant virus deleted for HCMV US17 Illumina HT-12 beadarrays were used to quantitate levels of host transcripts at either 12 or 96 hpi. Cells were infected in biological triplicates at both 12 and 96 hours post infetion