Transcriptomics,Genomics

Dataset Information

413

Genome-wide Regulation of 5hmC, 5mC and Gene Expression by Tet1 Hydroxylase in Mouse Embryonic Stem Cells (ChIP-seq data)


ABSTRACT: DNA methylation of C5-cytosine (5mC) in the mammalian genome is a key epigenetic event that is critical for various cellular processes. However, how the genome-wide 5mC pattern is dynamically regulated remains a fundamental question in epigenetic biology. The TET family of 5mC hydroxylases, which convert 5mC to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC), have provided a new potential mechanism for the dynamic regulation of DNA methylation. The extent to which individual Tet family members contribute to the genome-wide 5mC and 5hmC patterns and associated gene network remains largely unknown. Here we report genome-wide mapping of Tet1 and 5hmC in mESCs and reveal a mechanism of action by which Tet1 controls 5hmC and 5mC levels in mESCs. In combination with microarray and mRNA-seq expression profiling, we identify a comprehensive yet intricate gene network influenced by Tet1. We propose a model whereby Tet1 controls DNA methylation both by binding to CpG-rich regions to prevent unwanted DNA methyltransferase activity, and by converting the existing 5mC to 5hmC through its enzymatic activity. This Tet1-mediated antagonism of CpG methylation imparts differential maintenance of DNA methylation status at Tet1 target loci, thereby providing a new regulatory mechanism for establishing the epigenetic landscape of mESCs, which ultimately contributes to mESC differentiation and the onset of embryonic development. To determine the genome-wide distribution of Tet1 and 5hmC in mouse ES cells, as well as identify the gene transcription changes after Tet1 depletion. GSM706669-GSM706671: We used GST pull-down followed by deep sequencing to map the DNA bound by the Tet1 CXXC domain in vitro. We made two mutants that have a single point mutation (Cys574 to Ala or Cys586 to Ala) in the core CXXC domain to ascertain the essential role of the CXXC domain in DNA binding by comparing the sequencing profile of DNA bound by wild type CXXC with the profiles of the CXXC mutants. GSM706672-GSM706673: Tet1 ChIP-seq was performed to identify the genome-wide distribution of Tet1 in mouse ES cells. GSM706674-GSM706679: We performed hydroxymethylated DNA immunoprecipitation (hMeDIP)-seq combined with a shRNA-mediated gene depletion strategy. To identify the loci specific 5hmC regulation by Tet1, we compared the 5hmC genome-wide distributions in control (Luc shRNA) and Tet1-depleted (Tet1 shRNA2863) mouse ES cells. GSM706680-GSM706682: To identify the gene regulation network by Tet1, we compared the gene expression profiles of control (scramble shRNA) and Tet1-depleted (Tet1 shRNA 2863 and Tet1 shRNA 3387) mouse ES cells determined by mRNA-seq.

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Yufei Xu   Yujiang Shi  Feizhen Wu 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-28532 | ArrayExpress | 2011-04-21

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE28532SRP006418PRJNA143027

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress, ENA

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Publications


DNA methylation at the 5 position of cytosine (5mC) in the mammalian genome is a key epigenetic event critical for various cellular processes. The ten-eleven translocation (Tet) family of 5mC-hydroxylases, which convert 5mC to 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC), offers a way for dynamic regulation of DNA methylation. Here we report that Tet1 binds to unmodified C or 5mC- or 5hmC-modified CpG-rich DNA through its CXXC domain. Genome-wide mapping of Tet1 and 5hmC reveals mechanisms by which Tet1 contr  ...[more]

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