Gene expression analysis of primary human trabecular meshwork cells cultured in fibroblast medium following selective laser trabeculoplasty treatment
ABSTRACT: Primary human trabecular meshwork cells cultured in fibroblast medium underwent selective laser trabeculoplasty treatment. RNA was extracted from a pool of cells 30 min after treatment while the remaining cells were further cultured and RNA was extracted respectively 2 and 6 hour after treatment. Control cells stored in incubator in absence of SLT treatment were used as reference samples. Gene expression was evaluated by hybridization on miRNA-microarray and laser scanner analysis. Time course experiment; HTM cells, ScienCell, San Diego, California: cat. n. 6590: isolated from juxtacanalicular and corneoscleral region of the human eye. TMC are cryopreserved on primary culture and delivered frozen.
Project description:In this experiment, we asked how the allelic distribution of the active and repressive chromatin marks in clonal cell lines relates to the transcriptional allelic bias. A multiplexed padlock probe approach (Zhang et al., 2009) enabled us to assess allelic bias in heterozygous exonic SNPs in two clones with GM12878 genotype, and four clones from GM13130 cells. We used this approach to assess allelic bias in H3K27me3 and H3K36me3 ChIP samples simultaneously with cDNA from the same cells, as well as ChIP input and genomic DNA controls. In order to pool data from two individuals, one of which (GM13130) lacked complete genotypes for parents, we assessed SNP bias as reference and alternative alleles (rather than maternal or paternal bias). SNPs in cDNA were assigned to one of three bins: reference allele bias; no bias; and alternative allele bias. For these groups, allelic bias in H3K27me3 (Fig.4B) and H3K36me3 (Fig.4C) was determined. In unbiased loci, both H3K27me3 and H3K36me3 were equally represented. In contrast, preferential expression of an allele was associated with elevated levels of H3K36me3 and decreased levels of H3K27me3 on that allele. Both effects were highly significant (p<2x10e-9). Genes predicted to have MAE were about four-fold over-represented among genes where SNPs showed significant bias (Fig.4D). SNPs with skewed H3K27me3 and H3K36me3 distribution were highly enriched in the genes predicted as MAE (p<10e-6 and p=0.01, respectively; two-tailed Fisher's exact test). This suggests that the asymmetric distribution of the histone modifications is to a large extent due to the genes that have the chromatin signature of monoallelic expression. Samples analyzed were A. polyclonal cell line GM12878 , and clones derived from it: DF1 and DF2, B. Polyclonal GM13130 (H0) and clones derived from it: H7, H14 and H16. gDNA, cDNA, ChIP material and input were used.
Project description:In mammals, a key transition in spermatogenesis is the exit from spermatogonial differentiation and mitotic proliferation and the entry into spermatocyte differentiation and meiosis. Although several genes that regulate this transition have been identified, how it is controlled and coordinated remains poorly understood. Here we examine the role in male gametogenesis of the Doublesex-related gene Dmrt6 (Dmrtb1) and find that Dmrt6 plays a critical role in directing germ cells through the mitotic to meiotic germ cell transition. DMRT6 protein is expressed in late mitotic spermatogonia. In mice of the C57BL/6J strain a null mutation in Dmrt6 disrupts spermatogonial differentiation, causing expression in inappropriate cell types of spermatogonial differentiation factors including SOHLH1, SOHLH2 and DMRT1 and the meiotic initiation factor STRA8 and causing most late spermatogonia to undergo apoptosis. In mice of the 129Sv background, most Dmrt6 mutant spermatogonia can complete differentiation and enter meiosis, but they show defects in chromosome pairing, establishment of the XY body, and processing of recombination foci, and mainly arrest in mid-pachynema. mRNA profiling of Dmrt6 mutant testes together with DMRT6 ChIP-seq suggest that DMRT6 represses genes involved in spermatogonial differentiation and activates genes required for meiotic prophase. Our results indicate that Dmrt6 plays a key role in coordinating the transition in gametogenic programs from spermatogonial differentiation and mitosis to spermatocyte development and meiosis. Six samples for RNA-Seq with three biological replicates in each group. Two samples for ChIP-Seq (one input and one ChIP).
Project description:Assessment of the extent to which the altered profiles of miRNA expression influence viral replication and latency, as well as the efficiency of host defenses, may be useful for understanding the basis of the HIV-1-related alterations in cellular physiology and immunologic control. To this end, three patient groups were enrolled. One group consisted of subjects who were classified as élite control long-term non-progressors (éLTNP). A second study group was HIV-1-positive subjects, who were antiretroviral therapy naive. A third group was multiply exposed to HIV-1, but uninfected (MEU). This study allowed us to investigate the existence of a CD4+T- lymphocytes miRNAs signature able to discriminate among different stages of HIV-1 infection, and to evaluate whether the exposure to HIV-1 antigen is sufficient to change the miRNA profile. MicroRNAs inhibit HIV-1 expression by either modulating host innate immunity or by directly interfering with viral mRNAs. We evaluated the expression of 377 miRNAs in CD4+ T cells from HIV-1 élite LTNP (éLTNP), naive and multiply exposed uninfected individuals (MEU) and we observed that the éLTNP patients clustered with naive, whereas all MEU subjects grouped together. The discriminatory power of miRNAs showed that 21 miRNAs significantly differentiated éLTNP from MEU and 23 miRNAs distinguished naive from MEU, while only 1 (miR-155) discriminated éLTNP from naive. We proposed that miRNA expression may discriminate between HIV-1 infected and exposed but negative individuals. Analysis of miRNAs expression after exposure of healthy CD4+T cells to gp120 in vitro confirmed our hypothesis that a miRNA profile could be the result not only of a productive infection, but also of the exposure to HIV-1 products that leave a signature in immune cells. The comparison of normalized Dicer and Drosha expression in ex vivo and in vitro conditions revealed that these enzymes did not affect the change of miRNA profiles, supporting the existence of a Dicer-independent biogenesis pathway. We have compared miRNA profiles of CD4+ T-lymphocytes from 18 HIV-1-exposed subjects with healthy CD4+ T-lymphocytes following exposure to gp120 using a RT-qPCR assay.
Project description:MicroRNAs regulate various cellular processes. While several genes associated with replicative senescence have been described in endothelial cells, miRNAs that regulate these genes remain largely unknown. The present study was designed to identify miRNAs associated with replicative senescence and their target genes in HUVECs. We have employed Agilent Human MicroRNAs microarray platform to evaluate the expressions of 866 human miRNAs and 89 human viral miRNAs, based on Sanger miRNA database release 12.0 miRNA expression profiles were established for young and replicative senescent HUVECs
Project description:Circulating microRNAs (miRNA) are relatively stable in plasma and are a new class of disease biomarkers. Here we present evidence that human high-density lipoprotein (HDL) transports endogenous miRNAs and delivers them to recipient cells with functional targeting capabilities. Highly-purified fractions of human HDL contain small RNAs, and the HDL-miRNA profile from normal subjects is significantly different than familial hypercholesterolemia subjects. miRNAs were demonstrated to associate with both native and reconstituted HDL particles, and reconstituted HDL injected into mice retrieved distinct miRNA profiles from normal and atherogenic models. Cellular export of miRNAs to HDL was demonstrated to be regulated by neutral sphingomyelinase. HDL-mediated delivery of miRNAs to recipient cells was demonstrated to be scavenger receptor BI-dependent. Furthermore, HDL delivery of both exogenous and endogenous miRNAs resulted in the direct targeting of mRNA reporters. Notably, HDL-miRNA from atherosclerotic subjects induced differential gene expression, with significant loss of conserved mRNA targets in cultured hepatocytes. Collectively, these observations suggest that HDL participates in a novel mechanism of intercellular communication involving the transport and delivery of miRNAs. Human HDL miRNA Signatures Profiled miRNA Signatures from N=6 Normal Human HDL; n=5 FH Human HDL
Project description:The goals of this study is to test whether NICD presence protects the RBPjk-null Hair Follicles by altering gene expression via association with other DNA binding proteins at P3, just before the conversion to TSLP-producing keratin cysts. Methods: Skin samples were embedded in OCT. Sectioned at 20μm thickness. Dehydrated in EtOH, and equilibrated to Xylene before the LCM procedure. Laser capture was performed with Arcturus Veritas. Methods: ~100 hair follicles from Notch-null, PS-null, RBPjk-null and wild-type samples were pooled into 3 biological replicates for each genotype and subjected to RNA isolation followed by RNA-Seq. Conclusions: A total of 2047 genes were differentially expressed (≥1.5 fold) in three or more biological replicates of Notch mutant hair follicles compared to wild-type controls (p-value<0.05). Unsupervised hierarchical clustering analysis failed to distinguish between the mutants.
Project description:Retinal pigment epithelial cells are critical for eye function and loss of cell function is linked to age-related blindness. Relatively little is known about the transcriptional regulatory networks in these cells. The datasets presented here are ChIP-seq experiments for RNA polymerase II , transcription factors and histone modifications in human retinal pigment epithelial cells. ChIP-Seq for transcription factors, RNA polymerase, histone modifications and CTCF in retinal pigment epithelial cells
Project description:T lymphocytes responding to microbial infection give rise to effector cells that mediate acute host defense and memory cells that provide long-lived immunity, but the fundamental question of when and how these cells arise remains unresolved. Here we combine single-cell gene expression analyses with machine-learning approaches to trace the transcriptional roadmap of individual CD8+ T lymphocytes throughout the course of an immune response in vivo. Gene expression signatures predictive of eventual fates could be discerned as early as the first T lymphocyte division and may be influenced by asymmetric partitioning of the interleukin-2 receptor during mitosis. These findings underscore the importance of single-cell analyses in understanding fate determination and provide new insights into the specification of divergent lymphocyte fates early during an immune response to microbial infection. The goal of the study was to profile the gene expression in single CD8+ T cells responding in vivo to a microbial infection over multiple timepoints. 5 x 103 CD8+ CD45.1+ T cells transgenic for the OT-1 T cell receptor (which recognizes Listeria monocytogenes expressing ovalbumin (Lm-ova)) were adoptively transferred into congenic wild-type CD45.2 C57/B6J recipients, followed by infection intravenously one day later with 5 x 103 colony-forming units (CFU) of Lm-OVA. Splenocytes were isolated from recipient mice at 5, 7, or 45 days post-infection. To isolate cells at 3 days post-infection, 2 x 104 OT-1 CD8+ T cells were adoptively transferred. To isolate cells that had undergone their first division, 2 x 106 OT-1 CD8+ T cells were first labeled with carboxyfluorescein diacetate succinimidyl ester (CFSE) prior to adoptive transfer and recipient mice were sacrificed at 48 hours post-infection. Unactivated naïve OT-1 CD45.1+ CD8+ T cells were also included. Cells were stained with fluorochrome-labeled antibodies against CD8, CD44, CD4, CD11b, CD11c, and F4/80, and sorted on a MoFlo (Beckman Coulter) or FACS Aria II (BD Biosciences) flow cytometer. The Ct value for each gene analyzed in each individual cell at each time point is reported in the Matrix non-normalized. The 94 ABI TaqMan Assay IDs are listed on the left (A2-A96), along with the accession number (B2-B96) and corresponding gene name (C2-C96) of each gene studied. The Il2 gene expression assay was duplicated. Each heading (D1-BCV)) represents a single cell from each of 13 timepoints or T cell subset that were profiled. The timepoints/T cell subsets and number of each cells profiled from each timepoint/T cell subset were: unactivated naïve (149 cells), distal daughter (48), proximal daughter (83), division 1 (144), day 3 post-infection (143), day 5 post-infection memory precursor (Tmp) (90), day 5 post-infection short-lived effector (Tsle) (79), day 5 post-infection (154), day 7 post-infection memory precursor Tmp (62), day 7 post-infection short-lived effector Tsle (89), day 7 post-infection (134), central memory Tcm (138), and effector memory Tem (136).
Project description:Hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) has unique characteristic to self-renew and replenish the entire blood system. During development, HSCs originate in the aorta-gonads-mesonephros (AGM), from where they migrate into the fetal liver at E11. Once resided in fetal liver HSC proliferate extensively to make sufficient stem pool for adult life. Around birth, HSC from FL migrate to bone marrow (BM) which is major site of hematopoiesis for whole adult life. In contrast to FL HSC, BM HSC remain quiescence state and give rise to different blood cell type under normal homeostatic condition. It has shown that FL HSCs display significantly faster expansion kinetics when transplanted into lethally irradiate mice, compared with HSCs from adult BM. However, detail molecular mechanism behind the difference in self-renewal potential is not fully understood. Here, we present the genome-wide transcriptome analysis of more proliferative FL HSC compared to quiescent BM HSC using RNA-Seq platform.