Transcriptomics

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Hfq virulence regulation in enterohemorhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 strain 86-24


ABSTRACT: Escherichia coli O157:H7 is a food-borne pathogen that causes bloody diarrhea and hemolytic uremic syndrome. Hfq is an sRNA chaperone protein that is involved in post-transcriptional regulation of virulence genes in pathogenic bacteria. In EHEC strain EDL933, Hfq acts a negative regulator of the locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE) that encodes most of the proteins involved in type three secretion and attaching and effacing lesions. We deleted hfq in E. coli O157:H7 strain 86-24 and compared global transcription profiles of the hfq mutant to the wild type strain in exponential growth phase. Deletion of hfq affected transcription of genes common to nonpathogenic and pathogenic strains of E. coli as well as pathogen-specific genes. Downregulated genes in the hfq mutant included ler as well as genes encoded in LEE2-5 that encode for type three secretion and AE lesion formation. Decreased expression of the LEE genes in the hfq mutant occurred at mid-, late, and stationary growth phases in both LB and DMEM media as detected by qRT-PCR. We also confirmed decreased regulation of the LEE genes by examining secreted proteins and AE lesion formation by the hfq mutant and WT strains. Deletion of hfq also caused decreased expression of the two-component system qseBC involved in inter-kingdom signaling and virulence gene regulation in EHEC as well as an increase in stx2AB expression that encodes for the deadly Shiga toxin. Altogether, these data indicate that Hfq plays a different regulatory role in EHEC 86-24 from what has been reported for EHEC strain EDL933 and that the role of Hfq in EHEC virulence regulation extends beyond the LEE. Comparison of transcriptional regulation of the WT 86-24 isolate and the hfq mutant for the identification of regulated targets that were followed up by functional analysis.

SUBMITTER: David A Rasko   V Sperandio  M M Kendall  D A Rasko 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-30893 | ArrayExpress | 2012-01-06

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE30893PRJNA144231

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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Publications

Hfq virulence regulation in enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 strain 86-24.

Kendall Melissa M MM   Gruber Charley C CC   Rasko David A DA   Hughes David T DT   Sperandio Vanessa V  

Journal of bacteriology 20111007 24


Enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 (EHEC) causes bloody diarrhea and hemolytic-uremic syndrome. EHEC encodes the sRNA chaperone Hfq, which is important in posttranscriptional regulation. In EHEC strain EDL933, Hfq acts as a negative regulator of the locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE), which encodes most of the proteins involved in type III secretion and attaching and effacing (AE) lesions. Here, we deleted hfq in the EHEC strain 86-24 and compared global transcription profiles of the h  ...[more]

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