Gene expression in articular cartilage - subchondral bone of FRZB knockout mice
ABSTRACT: Objective : To study molecular changes in the articular cartilage and subchondral bone of the tibial plateau from mice deficient in frizzled related protein (Frzb) compared to wild-type mice by transcriptome analysis. Methods : Gene-expression analysis of the articular cartilage and subchondral bone of 3 wild-type and 3 Frzb-/- mice was performed by microarray. Pathway analysis of differentially expressed genes between 3 wild-type and 2 Frzb-/- samples was explored with PANTHER, DAVID and GSEA bioinformatics tools. Activation of the WNT pathway was analyzed using western blot. The effects of Frzb gain and loss of function on chondrogenesis and cell proliferation was examined using ATDC5 micromasses and mouse ribcage chondrocytes. Results : Extracellular matrix-associated integrin and cadherin pathways, as well as WNT pathway genes were upregulated in Frzb-/- samples. Several WNT receptors, target genes, and other antagonists were upregulated, but no difference in active β-catenin was found. Analysis of ATDC5 cell micromasses overexpressing FRZB indicated an upregulation of aggrecan and Col2a1, and downregulation of molecules related to damage and repair in cartilage, Col3a1 and Col5a1. Silencing of Frzb resulted in downregulation of aggrecan and Col2a1. Pathways associated with cell cycle were downregulated. Ribcage chondrocytes derived from Frzb-/- mice showed decreased proliferation compared to wild-type cells. Conclusions : Our analysis provides evidence for tight regulation of WNT signaling, shifts in extracellular matrix components and effects on cell proliferation and differentiation in the articular cartilage - subchondral bone unit in Frzb-/- mice. These data further support an important role for FRZB in joint homeostasis and highlight the complex biology of WNT signaling in the joint. Gene-expression analysis of the articular cartilage and subchondral bone of 3 wild-type and 3 Frzb-/- mice was performed by microarray. Pathway analysis of differentially expressed genes between 3 wild-type and 2 Frzb-/- samples was explored with PANTHER, DAVID and GSEA bioinformatics tools.
Project description:A genetic association between the ANP32A gene and osteoarthritis has been suggested. We compared transcriptome profiles of the articular cartilage and subchondral bone from mice deficient in ANP32A with wild-type mice to get insights into the role of ANP32A in the pathogenesis of ostearthritis. Overall design: The articular cartilage and subchondral bone from the tibial plateau of the mouse knee joint was carefully dissected in one piece from 8-week-old ANP32 knockout mice and wild-type controls
Project description:Full thickness articular cartilage lesions with penetration into the subchondral bone fill with fibrocartilage-like repair tissue. However, the repair tissue has compromised structural and biomechanical properties relative to normal articular cartilage. The objective of this study was to evaluate transcriptome differences between normal articular cartilage and repair tissue. Bilateral one-cm2 full-thickness lesions were made in the articular surface of the distal femurs of four adult horses followed by subchondral microfracture. Four months postoperatively, repair tissue from the lesion site and grossly normal articular cartilage from each stifle were collected. Total RNA was isolated from tissue samples, linearly amplified, and applied to a 9367-probeset equine-specific cDNA microarray. Eight paired comparisons matched by limb and horse were made with a dye-swap experimental design. Comparisons were validated by histological analysis and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR). Statistical analysis revealed 3,327 (35.2%) differentially expressed probesets. Biomarkers typically associated with normal articular cartilage and fibrocartilage repair tissue corroborate earlier studies. Other changes in gene expression previously unassociated with cartilage repair were also revealed and validated by qPCR. The magnitude of divergence in transcriptional profiles between normal chondrocytes and the cells that populate repair tissue reveal substantial functional differences between these two cell populations. At the four-month postoperative time point, the relative deficiency within repair tissue of transcripts from genes which typically define articular cartilage indicate that while cells occupying the lesion might be of mesenchymal origin, they have not recapitulated differentiation to the chondrogenic phenotype of normal articular chondrocytes. Overall design: This is a direct comparison between grossly normal articular cartilage and repair tissue transcriptomes four months postoperatively. Eight paired comparisons (repair vs. normal) were made from the eight stifles of four horses. For each comparison of tissues within each limb, a dye-swap was performed. Thus, a total of 16 slides were analyzed. Each pair of slides represented a dye-swap comparison of repair tissue and normal cartilage four months postoperatively from each stifle of the 4 horses.
Project description:We used laser capture microdissection to isolate different zones of the articular cartilage from proximal tibiae of 1-week old mice, and used microarray to analyze global gene expression. Bioinformatic analysis corroborated previously known signaling pathways, such as Wnt and Bmp signaling, and implicated novel pathways, such as ephrin and integrin signaling, for spatially associated articular chondrocyte differentiation and proliferation. In addition, comparison of the spatial regulation of articular and growth plate cartilage revealed unexpected similarities between the superficial zone of the articular cartilage and the hypertrophic zone of the growth plate. Overall design: Collecte five biological replications in three superficial, mid zone and deep zones of Articular Cartilage Assessed by Laser Captured Microdissection and Microarray(Superficial Zone vs Mid Zone vs Deep Zone)
Project description:Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common joint disease and this is a major cause of joint pain and disability in the aging population. Its etiology is multifactorial (i.e., age, obesity, joint injury, genetic predisposition), and the pathophysiologic process affects the entirety of the joint (Martel-Pelletier J et al. Osteoarthritis. Nature reviews Disease primers. 2016;2:16072). Although it is not yet clear if it precedes or occurs subsequently to cartilage damage, subchondral bone sclerosis is an important feature in OA pathophysiology (Goldring SR et al. Changes in the osteochondral unit during osteoarthritis: structure, function and cartilage-bone crosstalk. Nat Rev Rheumatol. 2016;12:632-44). It is characterized by local bone resorption and the accumulation of weakly mineralized osteoid substance (Bailey AJ et al. Phenotypic expression of osteoblast collagen in osteoarthritic bone: production of type I homotrimer. Int J Biochem Cell Biol. 2002;34:176-82). Subchondral bone sclerosis is suspected to be linked to cartilage degradation, not only by modifying the mechanical stresses transmitted to the cartilage, but also by releasing biochemical factors with an activity on cartilage metabolism (Sanchez C et al. Osteoblasts from the sclerotic subchondral bone downregulate aggrecan but upregulate metalloproteinases expression by chondrocytes. This effect is mimicked by interleukin-6, -1beta and oncostatin M pre-treated non-sclerotic osteoblasts. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2005;13:979-87; Sanchez C et al. Subchondral bone osteoblasts induce phenotypic changes in human osteoarthritic chondrocytes. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2005;13:988-97; Westacott CI et al J. Alteration of cartilage metabolism by cells from osteoarthritic bone. Arthritis Rheum. 1997;40:1282-91. We have previously demonstrated that osteoblasts isolated from subchondral OA bone exhibited an altered phenotype. More precisely, we showed that osteoblasts coming from the thickening (called sclerotic, SC) of subchondral bone located just below a cartilage lesion produced higher levels of alkaline phosphatase, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-8, prostaglandinE2, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 and transforming growth factor(TGF)-β1 and type I collagen than osteoblasts coming from the non-thickening neighboring area (called non-sclerotic area, NSC) (Sanchez C et al. Phenotypic characterization of osteoblasts from the sclerotic zones of osteoarthritic subchondral bone. Arthritis Rheum. 2008;58:442-55; Sanchez C et al. Regulation of subchondral bone osteoblast metabolism by cyclic compression. Arthritis Rheum. 2012;64:1193-203.) To compare secretome of cells living in different in vivo conditions is useful, not only to better understand the pathological mechanisms underlying changes in OA subchondral bone, but also to identify soluble biomarkers potentially reflecting these changes. Using our well-characterised human subchondral osteoblast culture model, we compared the secretome of osteoblasts coming from sclerotic and non sclerotic OA subchondral bone. This approach allowed to identify changes in secretome that contribute to explain some subchondral bone abnormalities in OA and to propose osteomodulin and fibulin-3 as potential biomarkers of OA subchondral bone remodelling.
Project description:We used laser capture microdissection to isolate different zones of the articular cartilage from proximal tibiae of 1-week old mice, and used microarray to analyze global gene expression. Bioinformatic analysis corroborated previously known signaling pathways, such as Wnt and Bmp signaling, and implicated novel pathways, such as ephrin and integrin signaling, for spatially associated articular chondrocyte differentiation and proliferation. In addition, comparison of the spatial regulation of articular and growth plate cartilage revealed unexpected similarities between the superficial zone of the articular cartilage and the hypertrophic zone of the growth plate. Collecte five biological replications in three superficial, mid zone and deep zones of Articular Cartilage Assessed by Laser Captured Microdissection and Microarray(Superficial Zone vs Mid Zone vs Deep Zone)
Project description:Genome wide gene expression was determined in paired samples of OA affected and preserved cartilage of the same joint using microarray analysis for 33 patients of the RAAK-study. Among the 1717 genes that were significantly different expressed between OA affected and preserved cartilage we found significant enrichment for genes involved in skeletal development (e.g. TNFRSF11B and FRZB). Also several inflammatory genes such as CD55, PTGES and TNFAIP6, previously identified in within-joint analyses as well as in analyses comparing preserved cartilage from OA affected joints versus healthy cartilage were among the top genes. A notable new gene was NGF, highly up-regulated in OA cartilage. To identify gene expression profiles associated with OA processes in articular cartilage and determine pathways responsive to the disease process gene expression profiles of paired preserved and OA affected cartilage samples of the same joint were determined.
Project description:To date, all of the prior osteoarthritic microarray studies in human tissue have focused on the overlying articular cartilage, meniscus, or synovium but not the underlying subchondral bone. In our previous study, our group developed a methodology for high quality RNA isolation from site-matched cartilage and bone from human knee joints, which allowed us to perform candidate gene expression analysis on the subchohndral bone (published on Osteoarthritis and Cartilage on Dec/5/2012 (doi: 10.1016/j.joca.2012.11.016). To the best of our knowledge, the current study is the first to successfully perform whole-genome microarray profiling analyses of human osteoarthritic subchondral bone. We believe our comprehensive microarray results can improve the understanding of the pathogenesis of osteoarthritis and could further contribute to the development of new biomarker and therapeutic strategies in osteoarthritis. Following histological assessment of the integrity of overlying cartilage and the severity of bone abnormality by microcomputed tomography, we isolated total RNA from regions of interest from human OA (n=20) and non-OA (n=5) knee lateral and medial tibial plateaus (LT and MT). A whole-genome profiling study was performed on an Agilent microarray platform and analyzed using Agilent GeneSpring GX11.5. Confirmatory quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analysis was performed on samples from nine OA individuals to confirm differential expression of 85 genes identified by microarray. Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) was used to investigate canonical pathways and immunohistochemical staining was performed to validate protein expression levels in samples.
Project description:Short-read NGS technology (SOLIDTM, Life Technologies) was used to establish a comprehensive repertoire of miRNA expressed in either equine cartilage or subchondral bone. Undamaged cartilage and subchondral bone samples from 10-month Anglo-Arabian foals affected by osteochondrosis (OC) were analyzed and compared with samples from healthy foals. Samples were also subjected or not to an experimental mechanical loading to evaluate the role of miRNAs in the regulation of mechano-transduction pathways. Epiphyseal cartilage and subchondral bone miRNome were defined, including about 300 new miRNAs. Differentially expressed miRNAs were identified between bone and cartilage from healthy and OC foals, as well as after the experimental mechanical loading, suggesting that miRNAs play a role in equine OC physiopathology and in the cellular response to biomechanical stress in cartilage and bone.
Project description:Microarray-data (Illumina MouseWG-6 v2) of knee cartilage of wild-type and Dio2 -/- -mice were re-analyzed to identify differential expressed genes independent of mechanical loading conditions by forced treadmill-running. Differential expression analyses of articular cartilage of Dio2-/- (N = 9) and wild-type-mice (N = 11) while applying a cutoff threshold (P < 0.05 (FDR) and FC > |1,5|) resulted in 1 probe located in Calreticulin (Calr) that was found significantly downregulated in Dio2-/- mice. The beneficial homeostatic state of articular cartilage in Dio2-/- mice is accompanied with significant lower expression of Calr. Functional analyses further showed that upregulation of Calr expression could act as an initiator of cartilage destruction. Overall design: To identify intrinsic differences in cartilage gene expression profiles between wild-type- and Dio2-/--mice, as a mechanism to investigate factors that contribute to prolonged healthy tissue homeostasis.