Genomics,Multiomics

Dataset Information

3

Neurotoxicogenomic investigations to assess mechanisms of action of the munitions constituents RDX and 2,6-DNT in Northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus) (part 6 of 10)


ABSTRACT: Munitions constituents (MCs) including hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX), 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), and TNT derivatives are recognized to elicit aberrant neuromuscular responses in many species. The onset of seizures resulting in death was observed in the avian model Northern bobwhite after oral dosing with RDX beginning at 8 mg/kg/day in subacute (14 days) exposures, whereas affective doses of the TNT derivative, 2,6-dinitrotoluene (2,6-DNT), caused gastrointestinal impacts, lethargy, and emaciation in subacute and subchronic (60 days) exposures. To assess and contrast the potential neurotoxicogenomic effects of these MCs, a Northern bobwhite microarray was developed consisting of 4119 complementary DNA (cDNA) features enriched for differentially-expressed brain transcripts from exposures to RDX and 2,6-DNT. RDX affected hundreds of genes in brain tissue, whereas 2,6-DNT affected few (≤ 17), indicating that 2,6-DNT exposure had relatively little impact on the brain in comparison to RDX. Birds exhibiting RDX-induced seizures accumulated over 20× more RDX in brain tissues in comparison to non-seizing birds even within a common dose. In parallel, expression patterns were unrelated among seizing and non-seizing birds exposed to equivalent RDX doses. In birds experiencing seizures, genes related to neuronal electrophysiology and signal transduction were significantly affected. Comparative toxicology revealed strong similarity in acute exposure effects between RDX and the organochlorine insecticide dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) regarding both molecular mechanisms and putative mode of action. In a manner similar to DDT, we hypothesize that RDX elicits seizures by inhibition of neuronal cell repolarization postaction potential leading to heightened neuronal excitability and seizures facilitated by multiple molecular mechanisms. Male Northern Bobwhite 14 Day 2,6-DNT Exposure, Brain Tissue Investigation (Low Laser Intensity Scan): Juvenile male and female Northern bobwhite (12 weeks of age) were dosed with 2,6-DNT by daily gavage (0, 50, 100, 190, or 350 mg/kg/day). Each treatment group included seven birds (at least three of each sex per treatment). This microarray data set represents investigation of the male birds. Microarray experiments were conducted using an interwoven-loop design using Cyanine-3 (Cy3) and A647. This experiment investigated the effects of the 14-day 2,6-DNT exposure in males including controls and 60 mg/kg/day treatments, each including 3 biological replicates. To broaden signal detection, each microarray was scanned at high and low laser power to resolve low-intensity spots and reduce signal saturation, respectively (Skibbe et al., 2006). This dataset represents the Low Intensity Scan.

ORGANISM(S): Colinus virginianus  

SUBMITTER: Kurt Gust   Lynn Escalon  Xin Guan  Mark S Johnson  Edward J Perkins  Youping Deng  Mehdi Pirooznia  Kurt A Gust  Joan Clarke  Karl J Indest  Ping Gong  Michel J Quinn Jr. 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-33934 | ArrayExpress | 2011-11-23

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE33934PRJNA148313

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

Dataset's files

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E-GEOD-33934.README.txt Txt
E-GEOD-33934.idf.txt Idf
E-GEOD-33934.processed.1.zip Processed
E-GEOD-33934.raw.1.zip Raw
E-GEOD-33934.sdrf.txt Txt
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Neurotoxicogenomic investigations to assess mechanisms of action of the munitions constituents RDX and 2,6-DNT in Northern bobwhite (Colinus virginianus).

Gust Kurt A KA   Pirooznia Mehdi M   Quinn Michael J MJ   Johnson Mark S MS   Escalon Lynn L   Indest Karl J KJ   Guan Xin X   Clarke Joan J   Deng Youping Y   Gong Ping P   Perkins Edward J EJ  

Toxicological sciences : an official journal of the Society of Toxicology 20090505 1


Munitions constituents (MCs) including hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX), 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), and TNT derivatives are recognized to elicit aberrant neuromuscular responses in many species. The onset of seizures resulting in death was observed in the avian model Northern bobwhite after oral dosing with RDX beginning at 8 mg/kg/day in subacute (14 days) exposures, whereas affective doses of the TNT derivative, 2,6-dinitrotoluene (2,6-DNT), caused gastrointestinal impacts, leth  ...[more]

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