Genomics

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Integral roles for Rev-erb alpha and Rev-erb beta in the circadian clock function [ChIP_seq]


ABSTRACT: The circadian clock acts at the genomic level to coordinate internal behavioral and physiologic rhythms via the CLOCK-BMAL transcriptional heterodimer. Although the nuclear receptors REV-ERBα and β have been proposed to contribute to clock function, their precise roles and importance remain unresolved. To establish their regulatory potential we generated comparative cistromes of both Rev-erb isoforms, which revealed shared recognition at over ~50% of their total sites and extensive overlap with the master clock regulator Bmal. While Rev-erbα has been shown to directly regulate Bmal expression, the cistromic analysis reveals a more profound connection between Bmal and Rev-erbα and β regulatory circuits than previously suspected. Genes within the intersection of the Bmal and Rev-erb cistromes are highly enriched for both clock and metabolic functions. As predicted by the cistromic analysis, dual depletion of Rev-erbα/β function by creating double-knockout mice (DKOs) profoundly disrupted circadian expression of core clock and lipid homeostatic genes. As a result, DKOs show strikingly altered circadian wheel-running behavior and deregulated lipid metabolism. These data reveal an integral role of Rev-erbα/β in clock function as well as provide a cistromic basis for the integration of circadian rhythm and metabolism. Identification of Reverb alpha and Reverb beta binding sites in mouse liver at ZT8

ORGANISM(S): Mus musculus  

SUBMITTER: Ruth T Yu   Ronald M Evans  Han Cho 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-34019 | ArrayExpress | 2012-03-28

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE34019SRP009472PRJNA156459

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress, ENA

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The circadian clock acts at the genomic level to coordinate internal behavioural and physiological rhythms via the CLOCK-BMAL1 transcriptional heterodimer. Although the nuclear receptors REV-ERB-α and REV-ERB-β have been proposed to form an accessory feedback loop that contributes to clock function, their precise roles and importance remain unresolved. To establish their regulatory potential, we determined the genome-wide cis-acting targets (cistromes) of both REV-ERB isoforms in murine liver, w  ...[more]

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