Microarray analysis of WT bone marrow myeloid progenitors, BM cultured with GM-CSF and M-CSF, and monocytes treated with GM-CSF
ABSTRACT: Analysis of genes induced in DC precursors and in BM cells and monocytes treated with GM-CSF For progenitor arrays, bone marrow progenitors (CMP, GMP, CDP, and pre-cDC) were harvested from WT C57Bl/6 mice. For culture arrays, BM was cultured in the presence of GM-CSF or M-CSF and adherent and non-adherent cells sorted. For monocyte cultures, sorted BM monocytes were treated with GM-CSF for 0, 24 or 48 hours.
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE37028: Microarray analysis of Zbtb46 KO CD4+ Splenic DCs and bone marrow erythroid progenitors GSE37029: Microarray analysis of WT bone marrow myeloid progenitors, BM cultured with GM-CSF and M-CSF, and monocytes treated with GM-CSF Refer to individual Series
Project description:Analysis of stage-specific gene expression in Zbtb46GFP/+ pre-CD8 DCs, pre-CD4 DCs, CD24 cDCs and CD172a cDCs Bone Marrow and Splenocytes were harvested from 8-10 littermate Zbtb46GFP/+ mice and sorted to >95% purity on the FACS AriaFusion.
Project description:Identification of genes differentially expressed between human CD14+CD16- and CD16+ monocyte-derived macrophages generated in the presence of either GM-CSF (termed GM14 and GM16, respectively) or M-CSF (termed M14 and M16, respectively) Human peripheral CD14+CD16- and CD16+ blood monocytes from three independent healthy donors (D1, D2 and D3) were isolated by positive selection from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) using magnetic separation systems (MACS, Miltenyi Biotec). Briefly, PBMC were first incubated with MACS anti-CD56 antibody conjugated to paramagnetic microbeads in order to eliminate the NK (CD16+) cell fraction. NK-depleted PBMC were further incubated with MACS anti-CD16 antibody to isolate CD16+ monocytes. CD56-CD16- PBMC were finally incubated with MACS anti-CD14 antibody to obtain the CD14+CD16- monocyte fraction. Monocytes were cultured for 7 days in medium containing either GM-CSF or M-CSF. Total RNA from each condition was extracted using the RNeasy kit (Qiagen) and hybridized to an Agilent Human Whole Genome (4x44) Oligo Microarray. All experimental procedures were performed following manufacturer instructions.
Project description:A simultaneous engagement of different pathogen recognition receptors provides a tailor made adaptive immunity for an efficient defence against distinct pathogens. For example, cross talk of TLR and c-type lectin signalling effectively shapes distinct gene expression patterns by integrating the signals at the level of NF-κB. Here, we extend this principle to a strong synergism between the Dectin-1 agonist, curdlan, and an inflammatory growth factor, GM-CSF. Both together act in synergy in inducing a strong inflammatory signature which converts immature DCs to potent effector DCs. A variety of cytokines (IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, IL-2 and IL-12p70), costimulatory molecules (CD80, CD86, CD40 and CD70), chemokines (CxCl1, CxCl2, CxCl3, CCl12, CCl17) as well as receptors and molecules involved in fugal recognition and immunity such as Mincle, Dectin-1, Dectin-2 and Pentraxin 3 are strongly up-regulated in DC treated simultaneously with curdlan and GM-CSF. The synergistic effect of both stimuli resulted in strong IKBα phosphorylation, in its rapid degradation and in enhanced nuclear translocation of all NF-κB subunits. We further identified MAPK ERK, as one possible integration site of both signals, since its phosphorylation was clearly augmented when curdlan was co-applied with GM-CSF. Our data demonstrate that the immunomodulatory activity of curdlan requires an additional signal provided by GM-CSF to successfully initiate a robust β-glucan specific cytokine and chemokine response. The integration of both signals clearly prime and tailor a more effective innate and adaptive response against invading microbes and fungi. CD11b+ fraction of FLT3L generated BM DCs (3-4 x106) were stimulated for 4 hours with 100 or 1 μg/ml curdlan in presence or absence of 5 ng/ml GM-CSF in triplicates.
Project description:Identification of genes differentially expressed between human monocyte-macrophages generated in the presence of either GM-CSF (termed M1) or M-CSF (termed M2) Human peripheral blood monocytes from three independent healthy donors (#1, #2 and #3) were isolated by anti-CD14-labeled magnetic microbeads. CD14+ monocytes were cultured for 7 days in RPMI 10% FCS containing either GM-CSF or M-CSF. Total RNA from each condition was extracted and purified using the RNeasy kit (Qiagen). Labelled RNA was used as hybridization probes on human Codelink Whole genome Bioarray. All experimental procedures were performed following manufacturer instructions. Microarrays were scanned with a GenePix 4000B (Axon Instruments) scanner. Scanned images and raw data were processed using the Codelink Expression Software.
Project description:Dendritic cells differentiate from their precursors in the airway mucosa under local environmental instruction. Airway epithelial cells (AEC) are a potent source of both pro- and anti-inflammatory mediators and are in intimate contact with intraepithelial DC and their precursors. Thus, AEC are likely candidates for influencing this differentiation process in order to tailor the DC for optimal function in the airway mucosa. We used Affymetirx microarrays to compare the gene expression profiles of monocyte derived DC (MDDC) populations differentiated with IL-4 and GM-CSF in the presence or absence of 16HBE 14o- epithelial cells. Experiment Overall Design: 16HBE 14o- epithelial cells were grown to semiconfluency in EMEM media supplemented with 10% FCS before CD14+ peripheral blood monocytes were added to the AEC with recombinant IL-4 and GM-CSF. In parallel, monocytes were added to empty wells in media with IL-4/GM-CSF without the presence of the AEC. Cells were cultured for 5 days at 37°C and 5%CO2 with media supplementation on day 3. At the end of culture, cells were harvested and viable MDDC populations were isolated using flow cytometric sorting. RNA was extracted from the purified MDDC populations and hybridised to Affymetrix microarrays.
Project description:In this study, we compared human monocytes differentiated for 7 days with M-CSF and/or GM-CSF. A comparison of the different macrophage populations was made using microarray profiling. Threshold: 1.0 . Logbase: 2 . Technology: Agilent.SingleColor.14850. Normalization: Shift to 75 percentile . Baseline Transformation: median of all samples . FlagSettings:. Feature is not Uniform:A. Feature is a population outlier:A. Feature is Saturated:A. Feature is not above background:M. Feature is not positive and significant:M.
Project description:In this study, we compared human monocytes treated with GM-CSF, M-CSF, dexamethosone or in combination with dexamethasone. A comparison of the different monocyte populations was made using microarray profiling.
Project description:Analysis of L-Myc-dependent genes in pDCs and classical DC subsets with and without stimulation. Splenocytes were harvested from C57BL/6 wild-type (WT) or 10 generation C57BL/6 backcrossed Mycl1-gfp/gfp (LmycKO) mice and DC subsets sorted to >95% purity on the FACSAriaII.
Project description:Dendritic cells (DCs) are crucial for sensing pathogens and triggering immune response. GM-CSF myeloid dendritic cells (GM-DCs) secrete several cytokines including IL-2 upon activation by pathogen associated molecular pattern (PAMP) ligands. DC IL-2 has been shown to be important for innate and adaptive immune responses, however its importance in DC physiology has never been demonstrated. This is due to ambiguity in expression of the CD122 subunit of the IL-2 trimeric receptor complex crucial for signaling. We show here that autocrine IL-2 signaling is functional in GM-DCs in early time window of stimulation with PAMPs. IL-2 signaling selectively activates the JAK/STAT5 pathway by assembling holo-receptor complexs at the cell surface. Autocrine IL-2 signaling inhibits survival of PAMP matured GM-DCs which is crucial for maintaining immune tolerance and preventing autoimmunity. Our findings suggest immune regulation by a novel autocrine signaling pathway that can potentially be exploited in DC immunotherapy. Microarray technology was used to understand the role of IL-2 signaling in DC. Microarray was performed to investigate the role of IL-2 signaling in DC physiology. Hence Wt or IL-2-/- BMDCs were either treated or not with curdlan for 6h and taken for microarray.