Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

3

Critical role of SOX17 in the hematopoietic development from human embryonic stem cells


ABSTRACT: Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) are a powerful tool for modeling regenerative therapy. To search for the genes that promote hematopoietic development from human pluripotent stem cell, we overexpressed a list of hematopoietic regulator genes in human pluripotent stem cell-derived CD34+CD43- endothelial cells (ECs) enriched in hemogenic endothelium. Among genes tested, only SOX17, a gene encoding a transcription factor of the SOX family, promoted cell growth and supported expansion of CD34+CD43+CD45-/low cells expressing a hemogenic endothelial maker VE-cadherin. SOX17 was highly expressed in CD34+CD43- ECs but at a low level in CD34+CD43+CD45- pre-hematopoietic progenitor cells (pre-HPCs) and CD34+CD43+CD45+ HPCs. SOX17-overexpressing cells formed sphere-like colonies and generated few hematopoietic progenies. However, they retained hemogenic potential and gave rise to hematopoietic progenies upon inactivation of SOX17. Global gene expression analyses revealed that the CD34+CD43+CD45-/low cells expanded upon overexpression of SOX17 are hemogenic endothelium-like cells developmentally placed between ECs and pre-HPCs. Of interest, SOX17 also reprogrammed both pre-HPCs and HPCs into hemogenic endothelium-like cells. Genome-wide mapping of SOX17 revealed that SOX17 directly activates transcription of key regulator genes for vasculogenesis, hematopoiesis, and erythrocyte differentiation. Depletion of SOX17 in CD34+CD43- ECs severely compromised their hemogenic activity. These findings suggest that SOX17 plays a critical role in priming hemogenic potential in ECs, thereby regulates hematopoietic development from hESCs. This SuperSeries is composed of the SubSeries listed below. ChIP on chip analysis was carried out using the Mouse Promoter ChIP-on-chip Microarray Set (G4490A, Agilent, Palo Alto, Calif., USA). MEFs were subjected to ChIP assay using a Ring1B antibody. Purified immunoprecipitated and input DNA was subjected to T7 RNA polymerase-based amplification. Labeling, hybridization and washing were carried out according to the Agilent mammalian ChIP-on-chip protocol (ver.9.0). Scanned images were quantified with Agilent Feature Extraction software under standard conditions. Human ES cells were differentiated for 6 days in EBs, then CD34+CD43-CD45- endothelial cells were isolated, plated onto OP9 cells, and transduced with the 4OH-tamoxifen (4OHT)-inducible 3×FLAG-tagged Sox17-ERT retrovirus. The cells were seeded on OP9 stromal cells and cultured in the presence of 4OH-tamoxifen. At day 27 of the co-culture with OP9 cells, CD34+CD43+CD45low hemogenic endothelium-like cells overexpressing Sox17-ERT were collected by CD34 magnetic-activated cell sorting (MACS) and subjected to a ChIP-chip analysis. ChIP on chip analysis was carried out using the Mouse Promoter ChIP-on-chip Microarray Set (G4490A, Agilent, Palo Alto, Calif., USA). MEFs were subjected to ChIP assay using a Ring1B antibody. Purified immunoprecipitated and input DNA was subjected to T7 RNA polymerase-based amplification. Labeling, hybridization and washing were carried out according to the Agilent mammalian ChIP-on-chip protocol (ver.9.0). Scanned images were quantified with Agilent Feature Extraction software under standard conditions. Human ES cells were differentiated for 6 days in EBs, then CD34+CD43-CD45- endothelial cells were isolated, plated onto OP9 cells, and transduced with the 4OH-tamoxifen (4OHT)-inducible 3×FLAG-tagged Sox17-ERT retrovirus. The cells were seeded on OP9 stromal cells and cultured in the presence of 4OH-tamoxifen. At day 27 of the co-culture with OP9 cells, CD34+CD43+CD45low hemogenic endothelium-like cells overexpressing Sox17-ERT were collected by CD34 magnetic-activated cell sorting (MACS) and subjected to a ChIP-chip analysis.

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Takaho A. Endo   Atsushi Iwama  Mitsujiro Osawa  Yaeko Nakajima-Takagi 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-38156 | ArrayExpress | 2012-12-14

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE38156PRJNA167349

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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To search for genes that promote hematopoietic development from human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), we overexpressed several known hematopoietic regulator genes in hESC/iPSC-derived CD34(+)CD43(-) endothelial cells (ECs) enriched in hemogenic endothelium (HE). Among the genes tested, only Sox17, a gene encoding a transcription factor of the SOX family, promoted cell growth and supported expansion of CD34(+)CD43(+)CD45(-/low) cells expressing the HE mark  ...[more]

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