Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

121

FMR1 targets distinct mRNA sequence elements to regulate protein expression [Affymetrix]


ABSTRACT: Fragile-X Syndrome (FXS) is a multi-organ disease leading to mental retardation, macro-orchidism in males, and premature ovarian insufficiency in female carriers. FXS is also a prominent monogenic disease associated with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). FXS is typically caused by the loss of FRAGILE X-MENTAL RETARDATION 1 (FMR1) expression, which encodes for the RNA-binding protein (RBP), FMR1 (or FMRP). We report the discovery of the RNA recognition elements (RREs), binding sites, and mRNA targets for wild-type and I304N mutant FMRP isoforms as well as its paralogs, FXR1 and FXR2. RRE frequency, ratio, and distribution determine target mRNA association with FMRP. Among highly-enriched targets, we identified many genes involved in ASD and demonstrate that FMRP can affect their protein levels in cell culture, mice, and human brain. Unexpectedly, we discovered that these targets are also dysregulated in Fmr1-/- mouse ovaries, showing signs of premature follicular overdevelopment. These results indicate that FMRP targets shared signaling pathways across different cellular contexts. As it is become increasingly appreciated that signaling pathways are important to FXS and ASD, our results here provide an invaluable molecular guide towards the pursuit of novel therapeutic targets for these devastating neurological disorders. The mRNA profile of RNA recovered from FLAG-antibody immunoprecipitated FMRP was compared to the mRNA profile of the starting lysate material.

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Thomas Tuschl   Jason B Miller  David Corcoran  Markus Hafner  Neelanjan Mukherjee  Zev Williams  Uwe Ohler  Manuel Ascano  Mathias Munschauer  Pradeep Bandaru  Jeff Nusbam  Christine Langlois 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-39504 | ArrayExpress | 2012-12-13

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE39504PRJNA170994

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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Publications


Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is a multi-organ disease that leads to mental retardation, macro-orchidism in males and premature ovarian insufficiency in female carriers. FXS is also a prominent monogenic disease associated with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). FXS is typically caused by the loss of fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) expression, which codes for the RNA-binding protein FMRP. Here we report the discovery of distinct RNA-recognition elements that correspond to the two independent RNA  ...[more]

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