CD3/CD28 Stimulated versus unstimulated Double-negative T Cells From Sooty Mangabeys
ABSTRACT: Transcriptional profiling of Double Negative (CD4-/CD8-) T-cells isolated from SIV infected Sooty Mangebys. DN T-cells were stimulated through the T-Cell receptor using anti CD3/CD28 antibodies for 4 hours and compared to unstimulated DN T-cells. Two condition experiment, Stimulated vs Unstimulated. 4 animals tested, each with Stim vs Unstim, a dye flip of Stim vs Unstim, Stim vs Stim and Unstim vs Unstim.
Project description:In order to understand the molecular mechanisms of DN thymocyte development, it may be also of use to clarify how these developmental processes are regulated in terms of their entire gene expression, to which cell differentiation is ultimately ascribed. In the current study, we approached this issue by investigating gene expression profiles in discrete subsets of DN thymocytes under development, in which DN2, DN3, and DN4 thymocytes were sorted and subjected to expression profiling analysis with high-density oligonucleotide microarrays. Experiment Overall Design: The DN2, DN3, and DN4 populations were FACS-sorted from DN thymocytes harvested from four C57BL/6 mice and analyzed by Affymetrix® Mouse Genome 430 2.0 Array® for gene expression. Four independent experiments were performed using 16 mice.
Project description:The t(8;21) Acute Myeloid Leukaemia (AML) Kasumi-1cell line with N822K KIT mutation, is a model system for leukemogenesis. As AML initiating cells reside in the CD34+CD38- fraction, we addressed the refined cytogenomic characterization and miRNA expression of Kasumi-1 cell line and its FACS-sorted subpopulations focussing on this compartment. By conventional cytogenetics, Spectral Karyotyping and array-CGH the cytogenomic profile of Kasumi-1 cells evidenced only subtle regions differentially represented in CD34+CD38- cells. Expression profiling by a miRNA platform showed a set of miRNA differentially expressed in paired subpopulations and the signature of miR-584 and miR-182 upregulation in the CD34+CD38- fraction.
Project description:Molecular mechanism underline immune cell type population shift upon anti-DLL4 treatment C57BL/6 mice were injected with anti-DLL4, or an isotype control antibody as controls. Two weeks later mice were sacrificed, and thymi was harvested from 4 anti-DLL4 and 4 control animals. Total thymocytes, DN cells (CD4-CD8-) and DN1(CD4-CD8- CD44+CD25-) cells were isolated. Samples included in this data set are: 3 Thymocytes-anti-DLL4; 3 Thymocytes-isotype control; 3 DN1-anti-DLL4; 2 DN1-isotype controls; 3 DN-anti-DLL4; 3 DN-isotyoe control.
Project description:Enhancers are powerful regulatory regions, important for development and the maintenance of differentiated cells and tissues. Here, we generate global maps for two enhancer-associated histone marks, H3K4me1 and H3K27ac for a number of major human blood cell types. This data was generated to show that capped RNAs transcribed bidirectionally can identify known and novel enhancers in vivo. ChIP-seq of 2 histone marks in human blood monocytes, CD19+ B cells, CD8+ T cells, CD4+CD25-CD45RA+ naive T cells, & NK cells
Project description:The purpose of this microarray study is to characterize molecular and functional differences between CD4+CD300a+ vs CD4+CD300a- T lymphocytes, and between CD8+CD300a+ vs CD8+CD300a- T lymphocytes, respectively.
Project description:Transcription factors that regulate quiescence, proliferation, and homing of lymphocytes are critical for effective immune system function. In the present study, we demonstrated that the transcription factor ELF4 directly activates the tumor suppressor KLF4 downstream of T cell receptor (TCR) signaling to induce cell cycle arrest in naïve CD8+ T cells. Elf4- and Klf4-deficient mice accumulated CD8+CD44hi T cells during steady-state conditions and generated more memory T cells after immunization. The homeostatic expansion of CD8+CD44hi T cells in Elf4-null mice resulted in a redistribution of cells to non-lymphoid tissue due to reduced expression of the transcription factor KLF2, and the surface proteins CCR7 and CD62L. This work describes the combinatorial role of lymphocyte-intrinsic factors in the control of T cell homeostasis, activation and homing. Experiment Overall Design: CD8 T cells were purified from spleen of wild type and Elf4-/- mice and CD8 T cells were left untreated or activated in vitro by culturing on anti-CD3 coated plates and anti-CD28 in media (RPMI 10% FBS supplemented with 5% T-stim) for 3.5 days. Experiment Overall Design: RNAs isolated from wild type and Elf4 -/- CD8+ T cells were used in Affimetrix oligonucleotide arrays either untreated or after 3.5 days of activation.
Project description:Microarray analyses were performed to compare gene expression in cultured mouse Th9, Th2 and Treg cells and resting versus activated Th9 cells. Three replicates were analyzed for each culture condition; Th9 unstim, Th2 unstim, Treg unstim, Th9 stim
Project description:Gene expression profiling of human CD8+ CD161hi and CD161lo central and effector memory and naïve T cell subsets. The mechanisms by which IL-17 secreting cells are regulated have not been completely elucidated. We previously identified a population of rhodamine-effluxing memory CD8+ T cells with high expression of CD161 that contributes to immune reconstitution after lymphopenia-inducing chemotherapy. Here we find that CD161hi CD8+ T cells share transcriptional programming with Th17 cells, but most do not secrete IL-17 or proliferate to stimulation through the T cell receptor (TCR). Transcriptional analysis of subsets identified by expression of CD161 and CD62L revealed a novel mechanism of TCR signaling pathway regulation in CD161hi CD8+ T cells that is distinct from that described in anergic or tolerant cells and renders them functionally dependent on costimulation through innate cytokine receptors or CD28. CD161hi CD8+ T cells, induced to proliferate by a TCR signal delivered with costimulation, demonstrated plasticity that was dependent on the nature of costimulation and resulted in expansion of IL-17 secreting cells that could not proliferate to a TCR signal alone or differentiation to Tc1-like cells that proliferated to TCR stimulation in the absence of costimulation. The data show an association between TCR signaling pathway downregulation and type 17 programming in CD161hi CD8+ T cells, whose dysregulation could mediate IL-17 dependent inflammatory diseases. T cell subsets were sort-purified from healthy adults and analyzed by gene expression profiling. Isolation: Effluxing CD161hi and non-effluxing CD161lo CD8+ TCM and TEM subsets were purified using magnetic bead separation and cell sorting to achieve >98% purity, as previously described (35). CD8+ T cells were positively selected using CD8 Microbeads (Miltenyi Biotec, Germany), loaded with Rh123 (Sigma, St. Louis, MO) and cultured for 30 min to allow Rh123 efflux, then labeled with fluorochrome-conjugated antibodies to CD4, CD16, TCRγδ, Vα24, CD8, CD95, CD62L and CD161. CD161hi and CD161lo TCM and TEM subsets were sort-purified on a FACS ARIA equipped with 405 nm, 488 nm and 633 nm lasers (BD Biosciences). CD161hi TCM and TEM subsets were identified as CD62L+/Rh123lo/CD161hi and CD62L-/Rh123lo/CD161hi events, respectively, in the CD4-/CD16-/TcRγδ-/Vα24-/CD8+/CD95+ population. CD161lo TCM and TEM subsets were identified as CD62L+/Rh123hi/CD161int/neg and CD62L-/Rh123hi/CD161int/neg events, respectively, in the CD4-/CD16-/TcRγδ-/Vα24-/CD8+/CD95+ population. Gene expression profiling: RNA was extracted from sort-purified subsets from 6 healthy individuals using the RNeasy Plus Minikit (Qiagen, Valencia, CA) and biotinylated, followed by generation of amplified cRNA for array hybridization using the Illumina TotalPrep RNA Amplification Kit (Applied Biosystems, Foster City, CA). Amplified biotinylated cRNA was then purified before quality control to ensure high quality cRNA was available for hybridization. Labeled cRNA was hybridized to Illumina WG-6 Expression BeadChips v3.0 (Illumina, San Diego, CA), which quantitate expression of 48,802 transcripts derived from the NCBI RefSeq (Build 36.2, Release 22) and UniGene databases (Build 199). BeadChips were washed before reading and image extraction, and then scanned on an Illumina BeadArray Reader. The resulting TIFF images were processed using GenomeStudio Gene Expression Module (GEM) software. Data quality was assessed using the Control Summary feature in GenomeStudio GEM. For a given analysis set, a GenomeStudio Probe-level Final Report was generated by combining the Sample Probe Profile and Control Probe Profile tables. The Final Report comprising the full dataset was initially processed using the Bioconductor package lumi by employing a background correction estimate and quantile normalization. A small adjustment (i.e. 20 counts) was made to the entire dataset to make all intensity signals non-negative and these values were log2-transformed. The dataset was initially filtered using the ‘shorth’ function of the Bioconductor package genefilter, resulting in retention of 31,084 of 48,802 original probes. Each pairwise comparison was further filtered by discarding probes whose signal intensity was less than a defined signal “noise floor” across all arrays in the data subset. This was achieved by calculating the median of the ‘negative control’ probe signals for each array, averaging these values, and setting the noise floor as 3 times this average. Differential gene expression was then determined using the Bioconductor package limma, and a false discovery rate (FDR) method applied to correct for multiple testing. Significant differential gene expression was defined by a log2 ratio > 0.585 (± 1.5-fold) and FDR (adjusted p value) < 0.05.
Project description:Primary non-expanded human T cell populations were isolated by leukapheresis from 10 healthy donors. Out of each donor > 95% pure CD4-positive Th cell and >95% pure regulatory T cell populations were purified. Two affymetrix exon arrays were hybridized from each donor both populations as resting, non-activated samples. In addition, samples were hybridized from each donor and both populations activated by anti-CD3/anti-CD28 treatment for 4hours and 16 hours.
Project description:CD44 wild-type and knockout C57 BL/6 mice were immunized by subcutaneous injection of MOG35-55 peptide. CD4 T cells were isolated from spleens of the mice on day 15 of the MOG35-55 peptide immunization. Peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) were prepared from multiple sclerosis patients and normal individuals. Total RNA was extracted and subjected to microRNA high-throughput array with Affymetrix platform.