Gene expression profiles in the embryonic midgut of Id2 knockout and wild-type mice
ABSTRACT: Id2 knockout mice develop heterotopic gastric tissues in the small intestine during development. To gain a mechanistic insight into the cell fate conversion in the Id2 knockout midgut endoderm, we performed microarray analysis using RNA samples extracted from midgut tissues at E13.5. We analyzed the gene expression patterns in the midgut of E13.5 Id2KO embryos compared to that of wild-type by microarrays.
Project description:Robust genes were up-regulated in the oral cancer cells with SDF-1/CXCR4 system; however, most of the genes did not exhibit metastasis-related functions. Mock cells and B88-SDF-1 cells, which have an autocrine SDF-1/CXCR4 system and exhibit distant metastatic potential in vivo were used.
Project description:Background: Cervical lymph node metastasis is a potent prognostic factor in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). However, lymph nodes resected by sentinel node biopsy or neck dissection are usually diagnosed by examining only one or two sections of the maximal cut surface. Accurate diagnosis of the metastasis in lymph nodes is important but depends on a heavy workload of the pathologist. In this study, we have attempted to identify novel molecular markers to find the harboring cancer cells in the lymph node and establish rapid detection method. Methods: We determined the gene expression profiles of 7 metastatic lymph nodes from patients with OSCC and 1 normal lymph node and 5 salivary glands from non-cancerous patients by microarray analysis. We found the overexpression genes in all metastatic lymph nodes. Subsequently, we examined the expression of these genes in newly 23 metastatic lymph nodes and 9 normal lymph nodes by real-time quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) assay. Moreover, the rapid detection of lymph node metastasis by these genes was examined using the reverse transcription loop-mediated isothermal amplification (RT-LAMP) method. Result: Among the 4 genes identified by microarray analysis, annexin A8 (ANXA8) and desmoglein 3 (DSG3) were detected in all metastatic lymph nodes at a much higher level but not in normal lymph nodes at all by qRT-PCR. Furthermore, RT-LAMP method targeting ANXA8 rapidly detected almost lymph nodes with metastasis. Conclusions: ANXA8 could be a useful marker for detecting lymph node metastasis in OSCC. Using AB1700 system, we determined the gene expression profiles of lymph nodes with metastasis of OSCC. Normal lymph node and salivary gland tissues were used as control samples.
Project description:MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been shown to have important functions in a variety of cellular processes. Here we report on miRNA expression and their dynamic regulation during mouse oogenesis and early embryos. We show that following specific deletion of Dicer from growing oocytes, the mutant oocytes cease development and were unable to progress through the first cell division. While the mutant mature oocytes seemed morphologically normal, they had disorganized spindle. Using detailed single cell cDNA microarray analysis of normal versus mutant oocytes, we found that a large proportion of maternal genes, including C-mos, are under the control of miRNAs. This study provides strong evidence that maternal miRNAs are essential for the earliest stages of mouse embryonic development. mRNA expression was compared with miRNA expression in dicer knockout and wild-type mouse mature oocyte.
Project description:Missense point mutations in the TP53 gene are frequent genetic alterations in human tumor tissue and cell lines derived thereof. Mutant p53 (mutp53) proteins have lost sequence-specific DNA binding, but have retained the ability to interact in a structure-selective manner with non-B DNA and to act as regulators of transcription. To identify functional binding sites of mutp53, we established a small library of genomic sequences bound by p53R273H in U251 human glioblastoma cells using chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP). Mutp53 binding to isolated DNA fragments confirmed the specificity of the ChIP. The mutp53 bound DNA sequences are rich in repetitive DNA elements, which are dispersed over non-coding DNA regions. Stable down-regulation of mutp53 expression strongly suggested that mutp53 binding to genomic DNA is functional. We identified the PPARGC1A and FRMD5 genes as p53R273H targets regulated by binding to intronic and intra-genic sequences. We propose a model that attributes the oncogenic functions of mutp53 to its ability to interact with intronic and intergenic non-B DNA sequences and modulate gene transcription via re-organization of chromatin. For the study of the consequences of mutant p53 (R273H) knockdown on gene expression, total RNA from parental U251 glioblastoma cells and UsiA12 clone was prepared from two independent cell culture experiments (biological replicates) and processed for microarray-based profiling of gene expression. UsiA12 clone was derived from the U251 cells transfected with the pSuper-p53 and pCI-neo vectors.
Project description:Little is known about the physiological role of the EBER1 and 2 nuclear RNAs during Epstein Barr viral infection. The cellular transcription response to EBER2 expression using the wild-type and an internal deletion mutant was determined. Significant changes in gene expression patterns were observed. A functional meta-analysis of the regulated genes points to inhibition of stress and immune responses, as well as activation of cellular growth and cytoskeletal reorganization as potential targets for EBER2 RNA. Different functions can be assigned to different parts of the RNA. These results provide new avenues to the understanding of EBER2 and EBV biology. Keywords: Overexpression of non-translated RNA Biological relicates, 3 conditions: empty expression vector (pUC-18), pUC-18-EBER2, pUC-18-EBER2-L2
Project description:The decision of metazoan cells to live or undergo programmed cell death hinges on the balance between the levels of pro- versus anti-apoptotic gene products. The general RNA polymerase II (Pol II) transcription factor, TFIID, plays a central role in the regulation of gene expression through its core promoter recognition and co-activator functions. The core TFIID subunit TAF6 is a co-activator for the pro-apoptotic p53 tumour suppressor protein. Our previous studies identified a specialized isoform of TAF6, termed TAF6 that can specifically be induced in apoptosis. To elucidate the impact of TAF6 on gene expression and cell death, we employed modified antisense oligonucleotides to enforce expression of endogenous TAF6. The induction of endogenous TAF6 triggered apoptosis in several cancer cell lines. Importantly, TAF6 also induces apoptosis in tumor cell lines devoid of p53, placing TAF6 function downstream of p53. Microarray experiments uncovered a TAF6-induced transcriptome landscape displaying enhanced expression of genes of the Notch, oxidative stress, integrin, p53 and apoptosis pathways. Our data show that the TAF6 pathway is a pivotal signalling nexus that controls pro-apoptotic gene expression programs. Keywords: Treatment with splice site switching antisense oligonucleotides, induction of apoptosis Biological triplicates, 3 conditions: control oligonucleotide, Taf6 oligonucleotide, specificity control Bcl-x oligonucleotide
Project description:Background The complete sequencing of the human genome and its subsequent analysis revealed a predominant role for alternative splicing in the generation of proteome diversity. Splice switching oligonucleotides (SSOs) are a powerful and specific tool to experimentally control alternative splicing of endogenous messenger RNAs in living cells. SSOs also have therapeutic potential to treat diseases that are caused by aberrant splicing. The assignment of biological roles to alternative splicing events of currently unknown function promises to provide a largely untapped source of potential new therapeutic targets. Here we have developed a protocol that combines high sensitivity microarrays with the transfection of SSOs to monitor global changes in gene expression downstream of alternate, endogenous splice events. Findings When applied to a well-characterized splicing event in the Bcl-x gene, the application of high sensitivity microarrays revealed a link between the induction of the Bcl-xS isoform and the repression of genes involved in protein synthesis. Conclusions The strategy introduced herein provides a useful approach to define the biological impact of any given alternative splicing event on global gene expression patterns. Furthermore, our data provide the first link between Bcl-xS expression and the repression of ribosomal protein gene expression. Biological triplicates, 2 conditions: control oligonucleotide, Bcl-x oligonucleotide
Project description:To elucidate the impact of TAF6d on cell death and gene expression, here we have employed modified antisense oligonucleotides to enforce expression of endogenous TAF6d. The induction of endogenous TAF6d triggered apoptosis in tumor cell lines, including cells devoid of p53. Microarray experiments revealed that TAF6d activates gene expression independently of cellular p53 status. Our data define TAF6d as a pivotal node in a signaling pathway that acts immediately downstream of p53 to control gene expression programmes and apoptosis. Keywords: Treatment with splice site switching antisense oligonucleotides, induction of apoptosis Biological triplicates, 4 conditions: isogenic p53+/+ and -/- cells; control oligonucleotide, TAF6 AS2 oligonucleotide
Project description:We used DNA microarray technology to assess changes in gene expression after treatment of 11 lymphoma cell lines with epigenetic drugs. We identified genes with upregulated expression in treated cell lines and with downregulated expression in B-cell lymphoma patient samples when compared to normal B cells. Assess changes in gene expression after treatment of 11 lymphoma cell lines with epigenetic drugs (aza and TSA).
Project description:To analyze the effect of Glycoprotein 130 in small diameter sensory neurons, dorsal root ganglia (DRG) of conditional SNS-gp130-/- and control (gp130fl/fl) mice were collected and mRNA expression profiles were compared between the two groups. DRG samples of two littermate mice were always pooled and a total of 10 gp130fl/fl and 10 SNS-gp130-/- mice were divided into 5 groups per genotype. Expression of transcripts were analyzed using the Applied Biosystems microarray platform AB1700 (Mouse Genome Survey Microarray V2.0).