MiRNA Expression Profile Study Reveals a Prognostic Signature for Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma
ABSTRACT: Esophageal cancer is a highly malignant and prevalent cancer worldwide. Current TNM staging system is insufficient for prognosis of esophagus squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients. The aim of this study is to evaluate miRNA expression profile of ESCC and identify a miRNA signature which robustly predict the survival of ESCC patients. MiRNA expression profiles of paired frozen tissues from 119 ESCC patients were assessed by microarray. After normalization of microarray data, the patients were randomly divided into a training set (n=60) and a test set (n=59). From the training set, we identified a four-miRNA prognostic signature (including hsa-miR-218-5p, hsa-miR-142-3p, hsa-miR-150-5p, and hsa-miR-205-5p) using random forest supervised classification algorithm and nearest shrunken centroid algorithm. This signature distinguished the patients into high-risk or low-risk groups whose overall survival differed significantly (5-year survival 7.4% vs. 66.7%, p<0.001). Prognostic value of this signature was validated in the test set (5-year survival 18.8% vs. 46.5%, p=0.025) and further in an independent cohort of 58 patients assessed by a different platform (5-year survival 11.4% vs. 56.7%, p=0.003). Furthermore, multivariable Cox regression analysis revealed that this signature is an independent prognostic factor for ESCC patients. Moreover, stratified analysis showed that this signature was able to predict survival within TNM stages. The expression level of the four miRNAs measured by microarray was verified by qRT-PCR and showed high level of positive correlation (Pearson correlation coefficient>0.75, p<0.001 for all). Our results suggest that the four-miRNA signature can serve as a reliable biomarker to predict the survival of ESCC patients. the miRNA expression profiles of cancer and adjacent normal tissues form 119 ESCC patients were used to identify a miRNA signature that can perdict the survival of ESCC patients.
Project description:The aim of the present study was to examine differentially expressed miRNAs in plasma between EGFR-TKIs sensitive and EGFR-TKIs primary resistance patients. Overall design: MiRNA microarray of plasma from patients’ blood identified 16 differentially expressed miRNAs of which 15 (hsv2-miR-H19, hsa-miR-744-5p, hsa-miR-3196, hsa-miR-3153, hsa-miR-4791, hsa-miR-4803, hsa-miR-4796-3p, hsa-miR-372-5p, hsa-miR-138-2-3p, hsa-miR-16-1-3p, hsa-miR-1469, hsa-miR-585-3p, ebv-miR-BART14-5p, hsa-miR-769-3p, hsa-miR-548aq-5p) were down regulated while only hsa-miR-503-3p was up regulated in primary resistant patients’ plasma. Volcano plot and hierarchical clustering were performed to examine the accuracy of the miRNAs. Then validation with quantitative real-time PCR was performed and the result was in accordance with the array data. Functional analysis of these differentially expressed miRNAs with Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA) revealed a common signaling network including MYC, CCND1, IGF1 and RELA.
Project description:To identify changes in miRNA expression profiles (miRNome) of fibromyalgia patients for the development of a quantitative diagnostic method of FM. 20% of the miRNAs analyzed (233/1212) showed down-regulation of at least 2-fold in patients. Hsa-miR223-3p, hsa-miR451a, hsa-miR338-3p, hsa-miR143-3p, hsa-miR145-5p and hsa-miR-21-5p were at least 4-fold inhibited. Overall design: miRNA content of PBMCs (Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells) from either 11 fibromyalgia patients or 10 healthy controls isolated with Ficoll-Paque Premium (GE Healthcare) was examined by microarray analysis. Inhibition of hsa-miR223-3p, hsa-miR451a, hsa-miR338-3p, hsa-miR143-3p, hsa-miR145-5p was further confirmed by qRT-PCR analysis.
Project description:Background: The identification of new high sensitivity and specificity markers for HCC are essential. We aimed to identify serum microRNAs for diagnosing hepatitis B virus (HBV) –related HCC. Methods: Serum microRNA expression was investigated with four cohorts including 667 participants (261 HCC patients ,233 cirrhosi patients and 173 healthy controls), recruited between August 2010 and June 2013. First, An initial screening of miRNA expression by Illumina sequencing was performed using serum samples pooled from HCC patients and controls,respectively. Quantitative reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction assay was then applied to evaluate the expression of selected microRNAs. A logistic regression model was constructed using a training cohort (n=357) and then validated using a cohort(n=241). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was used to evaluate diagnostic accuracy. Results: , We identified 8 miRNAs(hsa-miR-206, hsa-miR-141-3p, hsa-miR-433-3p, hsa-miR-1228-5p, hsa-miR-199a-5p, hsa-miR-122-5p, hsa-miR-192-5p and hsa-miR-26a-5p.) formed a miRNA panel that provided a high diagnostic accuracy of HCC (AUC=0.887 and 0.879 for training and validation data set, respectively). The microRNA panel can also differentiate HCC from healthy (AUC =0.894) and cirrhosis (AUC = 0.892), respectively. Conclusions:We found a serum microRNAs panel that has considerable clinical value in diagnosing HCC. 9 serum samples pooled from 3 healthy control donors and 3 HCC patients, 3 cirrhosi patients treated at The First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University were subjected to Illumina HiSeq 2000 deep sequencing to identify the miRNAs that were significantly differentially expressed.
Project description:Friedreich’s ataxia (FRDA; OMIM 229300), an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative mitochondrial disease, is the most prevalent hereditary ataxia. In addition, FRDA patients showed additional non-neurological features such as scoliosis, diabetes and cardiac complications. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, which is found in two thirds of patients at the time of diagnosis, is the primary cause of death in these patients. In this data set, using small RNA-sequencing of small RNA purified from plasma samples of FRDA patients and controls we identified differential expression of miRNAs (hsa-miR-128-3p, hsa-miR-625-3p, hsa-miR-130b-5p, hsa-miR-151a-5p, hsa-miR-330-3p, hsa-miR-323a-3p, and hsa-miR-142-3p) between both groups. In addition, we found that miR-323a-3p can be used as a biomarker for differentiation of FRDA patients with cardiac problems. Identification of miRNA signatures could therefore provide new molecular explanation for pathological mechanisms occurring during the natural history of the FRDA. Since miRNA levels change with disease progression and pharmacological interventions, miRNAs will contribute to design new therapeutic strategies and improve clinical decisions. Plama miRNA profiles of 25 Friedreich's ataxia patients and 17 healthy subjects were generated by deep sequencing using Illumina HiScan SQ.
Project description:Friedreich’s ataxia (FRDA; OMIM 229300), an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative mitochondrial disease, is the most prevalent hereditary ataxia. In addition, FRDA patients showed additional non-neurological features such as scoliosis, diabetes and cardiac complications. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, which is found in two thirds of patients at the time of diagnosis, is the primary cause of death in these patients. In this data set, using small RNA-sequencing of small RNA purified from plasma samples of FRDA patients and controls we identified differential expression of miRNAs (hsa-miR-128-3p, hsa-miR-625-3p, hsa-miR-130b-5p, hsa-miR-151a-5p, hsa-miR-330-3p, hsa-miR-323a-3p, and hsa-miR-142-3p) between both groups. In addition, we found that miR-323a-3p can be used as a biomarker for differentiation of FRDA patients with cardiac problems. Identification of miRNA signatures could therefore provide new molecular explanation for pathological mechanisms occurring during the natural history of the FRDA. Since miRNA levels change with disease progression and pharmacological interventions, miRNAs will contribute to design new therapeutic strategies and improve clinical decisions. Overall design: Plama miRNA profiles of 25 Friedreich's ataxia patients and 17 healthy subjects were generated by deep sequencing using Illumina HiScan SQ.
Project description:The aim of this small RNA Seq is to determine if the sequence reads observed for hsa-miR-34b-5p and hsa-miR-449c-5p represent library artifacts or sequencing artifacts Overall design: Each mature miRNA isomer has been sequenced alone in a complex mixture of RNA. The two forms of hsa-miR-34b-5p and hsa-miR-449c-5p were sequenced with a 1:1 ratio (mix)
Project description:This study aimed to investigate the molecular mechanism responsible for primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) progression. We analyzed microRNAs (miRNAs) expression profiling in aqueous humor (AH) of both POAG patients and normal controls, using a microarray-based approach. Subsequently, differentially expressed miRNAs (DEmiRNAs) were identified using Bayes moderated t-test. Next, DEmiRNAs target genes were predicted based on miRNA databases, followed by GO analysis and pathway analysis using DAVID. Furthermore, OAG-related genes analysis for target genes was carried out using CTD database, respectively. Finally, verification of DEmiRNAs expression levels was performed by RT-qPCR. A total of 40 significant DEmiRNAs were identified between control and POAG groups, including 24 up-regulated miRNAs and 16 down-regulated miRNAs. Further, the target genes of hsa-miR-206, including BMP2, SMAD4, ID2, and TNF, were mainly enriched in transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) signaling pathway. While, target genes of hsa-miR-184, hsa-miR-34c-5p, hsa-miR-7-2-3p and hsa-miR-20b-3p, including BCL2, EPHB2, VEGFA, COL4A1, APC, and TGFBR1, were enriched in eye development. Moreover, FNDC3B, CAV2 and VEGF, target genes of hsa-miR-206 or hsa-miR-34c-5p, were the OAG-related genes. Ultimately, RT-qPCR analysis confirmed that mRNA levels of hsa-miR-206, hsa-miR-7-2-3p, and hsa-miR-20b-3p were increased, while those of hsa-miR-184 and hsa-miR-34c-5p were decreased in POAG compared with normal groups (P < 0.05). Hsa-miR-206, hsa-miR-184, hsa-miR-34c-5p, hsa-miR-7-2-3p and hsa-miR-20b-3p might play a significant role in the pathogenesis of POAG and hsa-miR-206 might be associated with the development of POAG by regulating TGF-β signaling pathway. These results might provide insight toward a better understanding of the pathogenesis of POAG. Overall design: Fifteen patients with ocular hypertensive POAG, who needed glaucoma filtrating surgeries, were enrolled in this studydisease group:PA group,PB group,PC group;each group of five patients). Fifteen patients with cataract undergoing cataract surgery were recruited as normal group (normal group:NA group,NB group,NC group;each group of five patients).
Project description:To identify lung metastasis associated microRNAs in triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), we have employed the commercially available Agilent Human miRNA V19.0 Microarray (Platform GPL19730) as a discovery platform. In comparison with LM-Normal, 11 microRNAs significantly altered in both LM-Met and LM-Tumor, and then three of them (hsa-miR-21-3p, hsa-miR-21-5p and hsa-miR-211-3p) were excluded, which were also up-regulated in RF-Tumor. Consequently, eight deregulated microRNAs were identified to be putatively involved in process of lung metastasis, especially miR-629-3p, which was most up-regulated in both LM-Met and LM-Tumor. To validate the microarray data, we utilized qRT-PCR to assess expression levels of the eight miRNAs in the same samples. Overall design: Four TNBC patients with lung metastasis underwent pulmonary lobectomy, and their matched surgical specimens of lung metastases (LM-Met), primary tumors (LM-Tumor) and normal breast tissues (LM-Normal) were obtained. Furthermore, to preclude the unspecific miRNAs in TNBC, primary tumors (RF-Tumor) and corresponding normal breast tissues (RF-Normal) from another four patients with 10-year recurrence-free survival were also collected. The initial 20 samples from the eight patients were prepared for miRNA profiling. Paired-Sample T Test and Significant Analysis of Microarray (SAM) were used to identify miRNAs with significantly altered expression (fold change > 1.5, p < 0.05). In comparison with Normal, the miRNAs significantly altered in both LM-Met and LM-Tumor, but not in RF-Tumor, was considered as predictive markers for lung metastasis of TNBC.
Project description:Introduction: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) in circulation have emerged as promising biomarkers. In this study we aimed to identify a circulating miRNA signature for osteoarthritis (OA) patients. Methods: Serum samples were collected from 12 primary OA patients and 12 healthy individuals and were screened using the Agilent Human miRNA Microarray. Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curves were constructed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of the deregulated miRNAs. Expression levels of selected miRNAs were validated by quantitative Real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) in all serum samples and in articular cartilage samples from OA patients (n=12) and healthy individuals (n=7). Bioinformatics analysis was used to investigate the involved pathways and target genes of the above miRNAs. Results: We identified 279 differentially expressed miRNAs in the serum of OA patients compared to healthy controls. 205 (73.5%) were up-regulated and 74 (26.5%) down-regulated. ROC analysis revealed that 77 miRNAs had area under the curve (AUC)> 0.8 and p<0.05. Bioinformatics analysis in 7 out of the 77 selected miRNAs (hsa-miR-33b-3p, hsa-miR-4284, hsa-miR-671-3p, hsa-miR-663a, hsa-miR-140-3p, hsa-miR-150-5p and hsa-miR-1233-3p) revealed that their target genes were involved in multiple signaling pathways, among which FOXO, mTOR, pI3K/akt, lipid metabolism and TGF-β. A serum miRNA signature including three down-regulated miRNAs (hsa-miR-33b-3p, hsa-miR-671-3p and hsa-miR-140-3p) were also verified by qRT-PCR in OA patients. Furthermore, we found that hsa-miR-140-3p, hsa-miR-671-3p and potentially hsa-miR-33b-3p expression levels were consistently down-regulated in articular cartilage of OA patients compared to healthy individuals. Conclusions: A global miRNA serum signature was revealed in OA patients. We identified a three- miRNA signature in peripheral serum which could be potential osteoarthritis biomarkers. Overall design: Serum samples were collected from 12 patients with primary OA (9 females, 3 males, ages: 69.83 ± 4.83 years) undergoing total knee replacement surgery at the Orthopaedics Department of the University Hospital of Larissa. Radiographs were obtained before surgery and graded using the Kellgren-Lawrence system according to the following criteria: grade 1 (doubtful narrowing of joint space and possible osteophytes), grade 2 (definite osteophytes and possible narrowing of joint space), grade 3 (moderate multiple osteophytes, definite narrowing of joint space and some sclerosis and possible deformity of bone ends) and grade 4 (large osteophytes, marked narrowing of joint space, severe sclerosis and definite deformity of bone ends). All OA patients had a Kellgren-Lawrence grade ≥3. The assessment of the radiographs by two independent expert observers was blinded. Patients with rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune disease as well as chondrodysplasias, infection-induced OA and post-traumatic OA were excluded from the study. As controls, serum samples were obtained from 12 healthy individuals (6 females, 6 males, ages: 64,25± 5,04 years) undergoing knee fracture repair surgery, with no history of joint disease, who did not show clinical manifestations compatible with OA when specifically explored by radiography. Consent was obtained from each participant. The study protocol conformed to the ethical guidelines of the 1975 Declaration of Helsinki as reflected in a priori approval by the local ethical committee of the University Hospital of Larissa. Articular cartilage samples (n=12) were collected from femoral condyles and tibial plateaus of the same OA patients, while normal articular cartilage was obtained from 7 out of the 12 healthy individuals.
Project description:To experimentally investigate the function of hsa-miR-511-5p in AML monoblasts, we employed miRNA mimic mediated up-regulation of miR-511 in THP1 cells and subsequently analyzed a comprehensive gene expression profile. 4 samples of two independent miRNA mimic experiments were analyzed. THP1 monoblasts were transfected with 30 nM of Ambion Pre-miR miRNA Precursors (hsa-miR-511-5p AM10237 or negative Control #1 AM17110, Life Technologies).