EZH2 is the catalytic subunit of PRC2, a central epigenetic repressor essential for development processes in vivo and for the differentiation of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) in vitro. The biochemical function of PRC2 in depositing repressive H3K27me3 marks is well understood, but how it is regulated and directed to specific genes before and during differentiation remains unknown. Here, we report that PRC2 binds at low levels to a majority of promoters in mouse ESCs, including many that are active ...[more]
Project description:This experiment sought to determine the chromatin structure and PRC2 occupancy at the promoters of all genes in mouse ESCs ChIP-seq for EZH2, SUZ12, and H3K27me3 were performed on WT E14 cells in 2 biological replicates each. In addition H3K27me3 ChIP-seq was also performed on a clone of E14 cells expressing a tagged version of EZH2, which for the purpose of this study was used as replicate #3.
Project description:This proof-of-principle experiment was designed to demonstrate the feasibility of proximity labeling for RNA–protein interactions IPL-seq on 293T-Rex expressing MSA-SNRPN70 (sample) or NFH-SNRPN70 (control)
Project description:In this experiment, we sought to analyze how the transcriptome of WT, Δ5|6, and Δ5|6:7|9 cells vary during differentiation of ESCs into cervical motor neurons 3 lines (WT, Δ5|6, Δ5|6:7|9)
Project description:SFMBT1 is a poorly characterized mammalian MBT domain-containing protein homologous to Drosophila SFMBT, a Polycomb group protein involved in epigenetic regulation of gene expression. Here, we show that SFMBT1 regulates transcription in somatic cells and during spermatogenesis through the formation of a stable complex with LSD1 and CoREST. When bound to its gene targets, SFMBT1 recruits its associated proteins and causes chromatin compaction and transcriptional repression. SFMBT1, LSD1, and CoREST share a large fraction of target genes including those encoding replication-dependent histones. Simultaneous occupancy of histone genes by SFMBT1, LSD1, and CoREST is regulated during the cell cycle and correlates with the loss of RNA polymerase II at these promoters during G2, M, and G1. The interplay between the repressive SFMBT1–LSD1–CoREST complex and RNA polymerase II contributes to the timely transcriptional regulation of histone genes in human cells. SFMBT1, LSD1, and CoREST also form a stable complex in germ cells and their chromatin binding activity is regulated during spermatogenesis. RNA-seq in HeLaS3 cells ctrl compared to triple knockdown for SFMBT1, CoREST, and LSD1
Project description:This experiment was designed to indentify RNAs making direct contact with EZH2 in mouse embryonic stem cells E14 with an integrated transgene encoding HA-EZH2 were pulsed with 4-SU, irradiated with UV, and subjected to HA immunoprecipitation.
Project description:Purpose: In this study, we compared transcriptome profiling (RNA-seq) between normal mouse embryonic stem cell (E14) and Hexokinase2 (Hk2)/ Pyruvate Kinase M2 (Pkm2) overexpressed E14 cell. Result: Using an optimized data analysis workflow, we mapped over 4 billion sequence reads per sample to the mouse genome (build mm9) and identified 28698 transcripts in 5 samples. Conclusion: Our study represents the first detailed analysis of Hk2/ Pkm2 overexpressed E14 cell transcriptomes, generated by RNA-seq technology We compared transcriptome profiling (RNA-Seq) between normal mouse embryonic stem cell (E14) and E14 cells over-expressing Hexokinase2 (Hk2)/Pyruvate Kinase M2 (Pkm2)
Project description:Background: Microorganisms are the major cause of food spoilage during storage, processing and distribution. Pseudomonas fluorescens is a typical spoilage bacterium that contributes to a large extent to the spoilage process of proteinaceous food. RpoS is considered an important global regulator involved in stress survival and virulence in many pathogens. Our previous work revealed that RpoS contributed to the spoilage activities of P. fluorescens by regulating resistance to different stress conditions, extracellular acylated homoserine lactone (AHL) levels, extracellular protease and total volatile basic nitrogen (TVB-N) production. However, RpoS-dependent genes in P. fluorescens remained undefined. Results: RNA-seq transcriptomics analysis combined with quantitative proteomics analysis basing on multiplexed isobaric tandem mass tag (TMT) labeling was performed for the P. fluorescens wild-type strain UK4 and its derivative carrying a rpoS mutation. A total of 375 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and 212 differentially expressed proteins (DEPs) were identified in these two backgrounds. The DGEs were further verified by qRT-PCR tests, and the genes directly regulated by RpoS were confirmed by 5’-RACE-PCR sequencing. The combining transcriptome and proteome analysis revealed a role of this regulator in several cellular processes, including polysaccharide metabolism, intracellular secretion and extracellular structures, cell well biogenesis, stress responses, ammonia and biogenic amine production, which may contribute to biofilm formation, stress resistance and spoilage activities of P. fluorescens. Moreover, in this work we indeed observed that RpoS contributed to the production of the macrocolony biofilm’s matrix.