Genome-wide profiling of DNA methylation and expression identifies CIMP in myelodysplastic syndrome [Agilent]
ABSTRACT: To identify genes hypermethylated and transcriptionally downregulated, we have employed the Illumina Infinium HumanMethylation450 BeadChip and Agilent SurePrint G3 Human Gene Expression 8x60K.And we validated selected genes in cases and controls. eventually we estalished CIMP of MDS. The gene expressions of four cases and four controls were measured.
Project description:Neural progenitor cells (NPCs) can be induced from somatic cells by defined factors. Here we report that NPCs can be generated from mouse embryonic fibroblasts by a chemical cocktail, namely VCR (V, VPA, an inhibitor of HDACs; C, CHIR99021, an inhibitor of GSK-3 kinases and R, Repsox, an inhibitor of TGF-β pathways), under a physiological hypoxic condition. These chemical-induced NPCs (ciNPCs) resemble mouse brain-derived NPCs regarding their proliferative and self-renewing abilities, gene expression profiles, and multipotency for different neuroectodermal lineages in vitro and in vivo. Further experiments reveal that alternative cocktails with inhibitors of histone deacetylation, glycogen synthase kinase, and TGF-β pathways show similar efficacies for ciNPC induction. Moreover, ciNPCs can also be induced from mouse tail-tip fibroblasts and human urinary cells with the same chemical cocktail VCR. Thus our study demonstrates that lineage-specific conversion of somatic cells to NPCs could be achieved by chemical cocktails without introducing exogenous factors. To access the exact identity of ciNPCs, we extracted mRNA from mouse brain-derived NPCs (as control NPCs), MEFs, ciNPCs at passage 5 and passage 13 and compared the global gene expression patterns of these cells by microarray analysis.
Project description:We have identified TEAD4 as a key prognosis factor in colorectal cancer. To elucidate the potentail mechanism and function of TEAD4 in colorectal caner, we generated two stable cell lines expressing different shRNA targeting TEAD4 in the mesenchymal-like LoVo cells and the differential genes were detected by microarray. LoVo colorectal cancer cells stably expressing pLKO.1 control shRNA or sh1_shTEAD4 or sh2_shTEAD4
Project description:Background: UNC50 has long been recognized as a Golgi apparatus protein in yeast, and is involved in nicotinic receptor trafficking in Caenorhabditis elegans, but little is known about UNC50 gene function in human biology despite it being conserved from yeast to high eukaryotes. Objectives: We investigated the relation between UNC50 and human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and the potential mechanisms underlying HCC development. Methods: UNC50 mRNA expression patterns in 12 HCC and adjacent non-cancerous tissues determined using northern blotting were confirmed by real-time PCR in another 44 paired tissues. Microarray experiments were used to screen for global effects of UNC50 knockdown in the Hep3B cell line, and were confirmed by real-time PCR, western blotting, flow cytometry, and tetrazolium assay in both UNC50 overexpression and knockdown Hep3B cells. Results: UNC50 expression levels were upregulated in HCC tissues in comparison with the adjacent non-cancerous tissues. UNC50 knockdown reduced mRNA levels of the downstream targets of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) pathway: cyclin D1 (CCND1), EGF, matrix metalloproteinase-7 (MMP7), aldose reductase-like 1 (AKR1B10), cell surface–associated mucin 1 (MUC1), and gastrin (GAST). Moreover, UNC50 influenced EGF, inducing cell cycle entry by affecting cell surface EGFR amounts. Conclusions: UNC50 is a potential oncogene that promotes HCC progression by affecting the EGFR pathway. To gain insight into the role UNC50 plays in HCC progression, we used microarray analyses to identify indirect evidence of UNC50 gene function via the knockdown strategy in Hep3B cells. Hep3B cells transfected with the shRNA expression plasmids shR-467, shR-554, shR-749, and shR-MOCK were purified with 1ug/ml puromycin, and the total RNA from each cell was extracted and analyzed with oligo microarrays.
Project description:Recent studies have revealed that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) participate in all steps of cancer initiation and progression by regulating protein coding genes at the epigenetic, transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels. LncRNAs are in turn regulated by other genes, forming a complex regulatory network. The regulation networks between the p53 tumor suppressor and lncRNAs in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) remain unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the regulatory roles of the TP53 gene in regulating lncRNA and mRNA expression profiles in NPC cell line HNE2. p53 induced gene expression in human nasopharyngeal carcinoma cell line HNE2 was measured at 0, 12, 24 and 48 hours after transfected by pCMV-p53 plasmid.
Project description:In Arabidopsis thaliana, cytokinin responsive B-type ARR transcription factors and HD-ZIP III transcription factors such as REVOLUTA (REV), act cooperatively as master regulators of shoot regeneration. To identify the downstream targets of ARR-HD-ZIP III transcriptional complex, we used an inducible line of REV, 35S::FLAG-GR-rREV, in which FLAG-tagged miR165/6-non-targetable form of REV (rREV)-GR fusion protein was expressed from 35S promoter. DEX treatment induced activation of REV by translocation of FLAG-GR-rREV fusion protein from cytoplasm to the nucleus. We treated 35S::FLAG-GR-rREV seedlings with 6-benzylaminopurine (6-BA, a cytokinin), dexamethasone (DEX), or 6-BA+DEX for 2 hours. Total RNAs were extracted and subjected to Agilent Arabidopsis Gene Expression Microarray analyses. The differentially expressed genes (>1.5-fold, p<0.05) were identified. 10-day-old 35S::FLAG-GR-rREV plants were treated with 6-benzylaminopurine (6-BA), dexamethasone (DEX), or 6-BA+DEX for 2 hours. DEX treatment induced activation of REV by translocation of FLAG-GR-rREV fusion protein from cytoplasm to the nucleus. Total RNA was extracted with RNeasy Mini Kit and hybridized to Agilent Arabidopsis Gene Expression Microarray. Differentially expressed genes were defined by a 1.5-fold expression difference with a P value<0.05. Biological replicates were performed.
Project description:This study evaluated temporal gene expression profiles to better characterize the early transcriptional events and their relationship to the dynamics of the cytoprotective response in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) to CDDO-. Time-course gene expression profiling was performed on HUVEC treated with CDDO-Im for 0.5, 1, 3, 6, and 24 hours.
Project description:We identified 177 lncRNAs and 153 mRNAs that were differentially expressed (≥ 2-fold change), indicating that many lncRNAs are significantly upregulated or downregulated in AF. Among these, NONHSAT040387 and NONHSAT098586 were the most up-regulated and downregulated lncRNAs, and were selected for validation via quantitative PCR. GO analysis and KEGG pathway were applied to exploring potential lncRNAs function, identifying several pathways were alerted in atrial fibrillation pathogenesis. we investigated the expression patterns of lncRNAs and mRNAs from atrial fibrillation with Agilent Human lncRNA array V4.0 (4 × 180 K), which include 78,243 human lncRNAs and 30,215 coding transcripts.
Project description:To explore the function of ERRalpha in viral infection, we compared the cDNA expression profile of ERRalpha knockdown 293T cells and control 293T cells. The cells infected with VSV for 12 h or left uninfected were collected and RNA was extracted by Trizol. Viral infection induced gene expression in ERRalpha knockdown 293T cells or control 293T cells were measured at 0 and 12 hours.
Project description:We investigated the expression patterns of lncRNAs and mRNAs from TNBC tissues and matched histological normal breast tissues with Agilent Human lncRNA array V4.0 (4 × 180 K), which include 78,243 human lncRNAs and 30,215 coding transcripts. We identified 1,758 lncRNAs and 1,254 mRNAs that were differentially expressed (≥ 2-fold change), indicating that many lncRNAs are significantly upregulated or downregulated in TNBC. Among these, XR_250621.1 and NONHSAT011259 were the most unregulated and down regulated lncRNAs. qRT-PCR was employed to validate the microarray analysis findings, and results were consistent with the data from the microarrays. GO analysis and KEGG pathway analysis were applied to explore the potential lncRNAs functions, and some pathways including microtubule motor activity and DNA replication were identified in TNBC pathogenesis.