Tolerance to acetic acid is improved by mutations of the TATA-binding protein gene
ABSTRACT: To identify genes responsible for the enhanced tolerance, the transcriptome profile of one acetic acid-tolerant strain was compared with that of a control strain. RNAseq analysis of acetic acid-tolerant strain and control strain.
Project description:Fusarium graminearum (teleomorph Gibberella zeae) is a prominent pathogen that infects major cereal crops, such as wheat, barley, and maize. To dissect molecular mechanisms for initial stage of perithecia development, we compared transcriptomes of fungal cultures harvested from F. graminearum wild-type strain Z-3639, abaA, and fpo1 at 1 day after sexual induction. 9 samples examined: Fungal cultures harvested from Fusarium graminearum wild-type strain Z-3639, abaA, and fpo1 at 1 day after sexual induction.
Project description:We performed RNA-Seq transcriptomics analyses of the Bordetella holmesii type strain ATCC 51541T under in vitro growth conditions that mimic exposure to the human bloodstream. We sequenced 3 biological replicates of each of the following conditions of exposure to heat-inactivated human serum: 5% serum, 0.5% serum, and a no serum control. RNA-Seq was performed on the Bordetella holmesii type strain ATCC 51541T grown under three conditions: 5% heat-inactivated human serum, 0.5% heat-inactivated human serum, and a no serum control.
Project description:The goals of this study are to identify in vivo downstream targets of Yap through NGS-derived tooth germ transcriptome profiling. The mRNA profiles of wild-type, Yap conditional knockout (CKO) and YAP transgenic (Tg) mouse tooth germs at embryonic day 14.5 were generated by deep sequencing using Illumina Hiseq2000. The sequence reads that passed quality filters were analyzed at the transcript isoform level via DNAnexus. The validation was performed through qRT–PCR and in situ hybrydization. A set of Hox genes were differentially expression in Yap CKO and YAP Tg mouse tooth germs, demonstating concurrent expression changes with Yap transcripts. This study provides a platform to systematically identify in vivo downstream targets of genes of interest. The mRNA profiles of wild type, Yap CKO and YAP Tg mouse tooth germs at embryonic day 14.5 were generated by deep sequencing using Illumina Hiseq.
Project description:To investigate low-temperature tolerance of the bacterium, three in-frame gene deletion mutants of VpacspA and VpacspD were constructed using homologous recombination method. When compared to the wild type strain, the growth of ΔVpacspA mutant was strongly repressed at 10 0C, whereas the deletion of VpacspD gene greatly activated the bacterium growth at the low temperature. Transcriptome data revealed that 12.4% of the expressed genes in V. parahaemolyticus CHN25 was significantly changed in ΔVpacspA mutant grown at 10 0C, including those involved in amino acid degradation, ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters, secretion systems, sulfur and glycerophospholipid metabolisms, whereas the low temperature elicited 10.0% of the genes from ΔVpacspD mutant, such as phosphotransferase system, nitrogen and amino acid metabolisms. Moreover, the major changed metabolic pathways in dual-gene deletion mutant (ΔVpacspAD) differed radically from those in single-gene mutants. Comparison of transcriptome profiles further revealed a number of differentially expressed genes shared among the three mutants, as well as regulators specifically, coordinately and or antagonistically regulating in the adaptation of V. parahaemolyticus CHN25 to the low-temperature growth. mRNA profiles of mid-log phase WT(G), ΔVpacspA, ΔVpacspD and ΔVpacspAD at 10 °C were generated by deep sequencing using Illumina HiSeq 2500
Project description:Fusarium graminearum is a major pathogen of Fusarium head blight in wheat, barley, and rice, as well as ear rot and stalk rot in maize. Regulatory Factor X (RFX) transcription factors are well-conserved in animals and fungi, but their functions are diverse, ranging from DNA-damage response to ciliary gene regulation. We investigated the role of the sole RFX transcription factor, RFX1, in F. graminearum. Deletion of rfx1 resulted in multiple defects in hyphal growth, conidiation, virulence, and sexual development. Deletion mutants of rfx1 were more sensitive to various types of DNA damage than the wild-type strain. Septum formation was inhibited and micronuclei were produced in the rfx1 deletion mutants. The results of the neutral comet assay demonstrated that disruption of rfx1 function caused spontaneous DNA double-strand breaks. To understand regulatory mechanisms of rfx1 in F. graminearum, we obtained and analyzed genome-wide transcription profiles generated from the RNA-sequencing data of the wild-type and Δrfx1 strains. RNA-sequencing-based transcriptomic analysis revealed that RFX1 suppressed the expression of many genes, including genes for the repair of DNA damage. 2 samples examined: mycelia harvested 24 h after inoculation of wild-type conidia in complete medium; mycelia harvested 32 h after inoculation of Δrfx1 conidia in complete medium
Project description:The goals of this study aim to reveal functional and phenotypic diversity of leukemia-associated macrophages in response to the microenvironmental cues in mouse T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia Compare Transcriptomes of macrophages in T cell acute leukemia which are suggested as leukemia-associated macrophages (LAMs) with homeostasis
Project description:Natural killer (NK) cells can be grouped into distinct subsets that are localized to different organs and exhibit different capacity to secrete cytokines and mediate cytotoxicity. Despite these hallmarks that reflect tissue-specific specialization in NK cells, little is known about the factors that control the development of these distinct subsets. The basic leucine zipper transcription factor nuclear factor interleukin 3 (Nfil3; E4bp4) is essential for bone marrow-derived NK cell development but it is not clear whether Nfil3 is equally important for all NK cell subsets nor how it induces NK lineage commitment. Here we show that Nfil3 is required for the formation of Eomesodermin (Eomes)-expressing NK cells, including conventional medullary and thymic NK cells, whereas TRAIL+ Eomes- NK cells develop independent of Nfil3. Loss of Nfil3 during the development of bone marrow-derived NK cells resulted in reduced expression of Eomes and, conversely, restoration of Eomes expression in Nfil3-/- progenitors rescued NK cell development and maturation. Collectively, these findings demonstrate that Nfil3 drives the formation of mature NK cell by inducing Eomes expression and reveal the differential requirements of NK cell subsets for Nfil3. RNA-sequencing of natural killer (NK) cell subsets
Project description:Ssk1-type response regulator proteins are the core elements of histidine-to-aspartate systems that mediate fungal stress tolerance, a determinant to the biocontrol potential of fungal entomopathogens. We characterized for the first time the functions of Beauveria bassiana Ssk1 (Bbssk1) by analyzing multi-phenotypic changes in DBbssk1 and differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in the digital gene expression (DGE) libraries of DBbssk1 and wild-type constructed under osmotic stress. The results revealed 1003 DEGs, of which many associated with conidiation, xenotics transport, cell wall integrity, and protein and carbohydrate metabolism were greatly down-regulated. Total RNA obtained from Bbssk1 disruption mutant subjected to 0.5 M NaCl for 30 minutes compared to the wild type strain under the same stress treatment.
Project description:Purpose: This study aimed at exploring the deregulated genes in setd2 knockout mESCs compared with wt, more particularly to find the mechanism controlled by setd2,which was required for endoderm differentiation. Methods: Setd2 wt and ko mESCs were generated by deep sequencing, using Illumina GAIIx. Using Avadis NGS (version:1.3) software to analyze the sequence reads that passed quality filter to acquire the expression level of all genes. qRT–PCR validation was performed usingSYBR Green assays. Results: Using an optimized data analysis workflow, we mapped about 80 million sequence reads per sample to the mouse genome (build mm9) and identified 17,827 transcripts in the sted2 wt and ko mESCs. About 2,516 genes were deregulated in setd2 ko mESCs, more than 10 genes were validated using qRT-PCR. Conclusions: Through RNA-seq,we noticed that a subset of genes that related to MAPK signaling pathways were down-regulated in ko mESCs. This provided a bridge to connect setd2 and mESCs endoderm differentiation. One wt and one ko mESCs were generated by deep sequencing, using Illumina GAIIx.
Project description:RNA-seq of Ro60-null GM12878 cell lines in order to determine the gene expression changes resulting from loss of Ro60. 3 separate clones of Ro60(Trove2)-null cells derived from zinc finger nuclease targeting of exon 2, two wildtype biological replicates, +/- IFNa for 6 hours.