Project description:Genomic imprinting is a form of epigenetic regulation that results in expression of either the maternally or paternally inherited allele of a subset of genes. Imprinted loci contain differentially methylated regions (DMRs) where cytosine methylation marks one of the parental alleles, providing cis-acting regulatory elements that influence the allelic expression of surrounding genes, however to date the total number of imprinted loci within the human genome is unknown. To characterize known imprinted DMRS and identify novel imprinted loci we have performed whole-genome bisulphite sequencing and high-resolution DNA methylation array analysis of healthy tissues. Sequencing of bisulfite converted DNA analysis of normal brain (white matter), liver and term placenta tissue
Project description:Epigenetics may help understanding the molecular mechanisms of atherosclerosis as genetic predisposition explains only part of cardiovascular disease risk. In particular, DNA methylation, a reversible and highly regulative DNA modification could contribute to disease onset and progression as it functions as effector for environmental impacts, including dietary and life-style, similarly to risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. We addressed this issue by performing whole-genome shotgun bisulfite sequencing and high-resolution DNAmethylation array analysis of healthy and diseased donor-matched atherosclerotic DNA methylomes. Sequencing of bisulfite converted DNA and array based analysis of atherosclerotic lesions and normal carotid tissue.
Project description:Whole genome bisulphite sequencing of 13 human cancer samples and 9 normal controls. The main goal is to find the Diffrenetial methylated regions (DMR) at Genome wide level in different tissues and cancer types Sequencing of bisulfite converted DNA human cancer samples and normal control tissue types.
Project description:Whole genome bisulphite sequencing of 2 human breast cancer cell lines representing a breast primary tumor and a matched lymph node metastasis. Sequencing of bisulfite converted DNA of cancer cell line samples.
Project description:Whole genome bisulfite sequencing of MDCK cells, before and after TGFB-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition Sequencing of bisulfite converted DNA from MDCK cells untreated, and after a 30 days treatment with TGF beta
Project description:It is evident that epigenetic factors, especially DNA methylation, play essential roles in obesity development. To learn systematic association of DNA methylation to obesity, we used pig as a model, and sampled eight diverse adipose tissues and two distinct skeletal muscle tissues from three pig breeds with distinguished fat levels: the lean Landrace, the fatty Rongchang, and the feral Tibetan pig. We sequenced 180 methylated DNA immunoprecipitation (MeDIP) libraries, generated 1,381 Gbp sequence data, and provided a genome-wide DNA methylation map for pig adipose and muscle studies. The analysis showed global similarities and differences between breeds, genders and tissues, and identified the differentially methylated regions (DMRs) that are preferentially located in intermediate CpG promoters and CpG island shores. The DMRs in promoters are highly associated to obesity development. We also analyzed methylation and regulation of the known obesity-related genes and predicted novel candidate genes. The comprehensive map here provides a solid base for exploring epigenetic mechanisms of adipose deposition and muscle growth. We collected eight diverse adipose tissues and two phenotypically distinct skeletal muscle tissues from three well-defined pig models with distinct fat rates, and studied genome-wide DNA methylation differences among breeds, males and females, and tissues.
Project description:The immunodeficiency, centromere instability and facial anomalies (ICF) syndrome is associated with mutation of the DNA methyl-transferase DNMT3B, resulting in a reduction of enzyme activity. Aberrant expression of immune system genes and hypomethylation of pericentromeric regions accompanied by chromosomal instability were determined as alterations driving the disease phenotype. However, so far only technologies capable of analyzing single loci were applied to determine epigenetic alterations in ICF patients. In the current study, we performed whole-genome bisulphite sequencing to assess alteration in DNA methylation at base-pair resolution. Whole-genome bisulphite sequencing was performed to assess alteration in DNA methylation of one ICF patient and one healthy control sample at base-pair resolution.
Project description:We have developed Whole Genome Bisulfite Sequencing (WGBS) of a newborn and a centenarian to address the epigenetic drifts in human aging, which might be an alternative pathway to explain the age-associated alterations. In addition, we have analyzed the methylome of a middle-age donor (26 years). Examination of two DNA methylomes at the most extreme points of their lives to see differences that might contribute to explain the aged phenotype. The methylome of a middle-age donor (26 years) was also analyzed.
Project description:Up until now, the existence of Dnmt2-mediated DNA methylation has mostly been supported by focal analyses in organisms that contain Dnmt2, but no Dnmt1 or Dnmt3 DNA methyltransferase. In these organisms, several independent studies have also provided support for a biologically important function of Dnmt2-dependent DNA methylation. For example, Dnmt2-dependent methylation in Entamoeba histolytica, the causative agent of amebic dysentery, has been connected to the parasite s virulence. However, global DNA methylation levels in Entamoeba have been found to be very low. In addition, no specific features, such as CpG-specificity and specificity for certain genetic subcompartments have been described. This distinguishes Dnmt2-dependent methylation patterns from all other known methylomes and has raised questions about the validity of the underlying results. We have used whole-genome bisulfite sequencing for an unbiased characterization of the Entamoeba histolytica methylome at single-base resolution in a E.histolytica strain HM-1:IMSS devoid of significant level of EhDnmt2 (Ehmeth) expression. Paired-end BS-sequencing was performed on an Illumina Genome Analyzer with read lengths of 105 base pairs and an average insert size of 200 bp.