Gene profiling of mouse liver NK and NKT cell subsets
ABSTRACT: This study shows that liver Eomes- NK cells are not precursors of classical Eomes+ NK cells but rather constitute a distinct lineage of innate lymphoid cells. Gene profile analyses show that Eomes- NK cells share part of their transcriptional program with NKT cells that includes genes involved in liver homing, NK cell receptors, and several cytokines and cytokine receptors. Eomes- NK cells, Eomes+ Nk cells and NKT cells were sorted by flow cytometry from Eomes-GFP reporter mice. Total RNA was extracted and hybridized to Affymetrix microarrays.
Project description:Semi-invariant natural killer T (NKT) cells are thymus-derived innate lymphocytes that modulate microbial and tumour immunity as well as autoimmune diseases. These immunoregulatory properties of NKT cells are acquired during their development. Much has been learnt regarding the molecular and cellular cues that promote NKT cell development, yet how these cells are maintained in the thymus and the periphery and how they acquire functional competence are incompletely understood. We found that IL-15 induced several Bcl-2 family survival factors in thymic and splenic NKT cells in vitro. Yet, IL15-mediated thymic and peripheral NKT cell survival critically depended on Bcl-xL expression. Additionally, IL-15 regulated thymic developmental stage 2 (ST2) to ST3 lineage progression and terminal NKT cell differentiation. Global gene expression analyses and validation revealed that IL-15 regulated Tbx21 (T-bet) expression in thymic ST3 NKT cells. The loss of IL15-dependent T-bet expression resulted in poor expression of IFN-γ and several NK cell receptors in NKT cells. Taken together, our findings reveal a critical role for IL-15 in NKT cell survival, which is mediated by Bcl-xL, and effector differentiation, which is regulated by T-bet. Gene expression was measured in NKT cells sorted from pooled thymi of wild-type (3 replicates) or IL-15 deficient (2 replicates) mice.
Project description:Invariant Natural killer T (iNKT) cells are a separate lineage of T lymphocytes with innate effector functions. They express an invariant TCR specific for lipids presented by CD1d and their development and effector differentiation rely on a unique gene expression program. We asked whether this program includes microRNAs, small non-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression posttranscriptionally and play key role in the control of cellular differentiation programs. We identified a miRNA profile specific for iNKT cells, which exhibits features of activated/effector T lymphocytes. In this experiment we compared microRNAs of NKT cells versus those of conventional T lymphocytes, both extracted from wild type mouse thymus. To produce the populations we enriched mature thymocytes and then sorted NKT cells and conventional T cells (from one sorting we obtain one “NKT” sample and one “T” sample). We performed the experiment in triplicate; the sample NKT 1 was sorted the same day of the sample T 1, NKT 2 with T 2, NKT 3 with T 3. We used a common reference approach for the 6 samples; as a common reference we produced RNA from total thymocytes, without the enrichment for mature cells and without the sorting; we pooled thymocytes derived from all the thymi used in the study. The aim of the experiment was to demonstrate that NKT cells have a microRNA profile different from that of conventional T cells.
Project description:We examined miRNA profiles of human NK cells from different cell compartments (peripheral blood, cord blood, and uterine deciduas) and of NKT and T cells from peripheral blood, and identified distinct classes of up-regulated microRNAs in different human NK cells. For the microarray assay, RNAs from 6 donors with equal amount were pooled together to get each cell sample.
Project description:Natural killer (NKT) T cells exhibit tissue distribution, surface phenotype, and functional responses that are strikingly different from those of conventional T cells. The transcription factor PLZF is responsible for most of these properties, as its ectopic expression in conventional T cells is sufficient to confer to them an NKT-like phenotype. The molecular program downstream of PLZF, however, is largely unexplored. Here we report that PLZF regulates the expression of a surprisingly small set of genes, many with known immune functions. This includes several established components of the NKT cell developmental program. Transcriptional program downstream of PLZF in gammadelta NKT cells was analyzed by comparing wt, heterozygous and PLZF-deficient gammadelta NKT cells
Project description:We sought to identify genes regulated by the transcription factor Th-POK (Zbtb7b) in liver Va14i NKT cells, by RNA microarray analysis of global gene expression in Va14i NKT cells from mice homozygous for the Th-POK-inactivating hd point mutation as compared with the same cell population isolated from heterozygous or wild-type age-matched mice. Two sample set pairs of hd/hd and either hd/+ or +/+ age-matched Va14i NKT cells were prepared via magnetic selection and cell sorting, and total RNA prepared using a Qiagen Rneasy mini kit. IVT probe generation and hybridization to Affymetrix Mouse Genome 430 2.0 arrays was carried out by the Veterans Medical Research Foundation GeneChipTM Microarray located at UCSD.
Project description:Natural killer (NK) cells can be grouped into distinct subsets that are localized to different organs and exhibit different capacity to secrete cytokines and mediate cytotoxicity. Despite these hallmarks that reflect tissue-specific specialization in NK cells, little is known about the factors that control the development of these distinct subsets. The basic leucine zipper transcription factor nuclear factor interleukin 3 (Nfil3; E4bp4) is essential for bone marrow-derived NK cell development but it is not clear whether Nfil3 is equally important for all NK cell subsets nor how it induces NK lineage commitment. Here we show that Nfil3 is required for the formation of Eomesodermin (Eomes)-expressing NK cells, including conventional medullary and thymic NK cells, whereas TRAIL+ Eomes- NK cells develop independent of Nfil3. Loss of Nfil3 during the development of bone marrow-derived NK cells resulted in reduced expression of Eomes and, conversely, restoration of Eomes expression in Nfil3-/- progenitors rescued NK cell development and maturation. Collectively, these findings demonstrate that Nfil3 drives the formation of mature NK cell by inducing Eomes expression and reveal the differential requirements of NK cell subsets for Nfil3. RNA-sequencing of natural killer (NK) cell subsets
Project description:The following lymphocytes were sorted from the lamin propria of the small intestine of EomesGfg/+ RORgtCreTGg Rosa26Yfp/+ by using the markers Lineage- CD45+ Nkp46+ NK1.1+ : 1.convential NK cells (Eomes GFP+ RORgt YFP-) 2. ILC1 (Eomes GFP- RORgt YFP-) 3. exRORgt ILC3 (Eomes GFP- RORgt YFP+). Conventional NK cells from the bone marrow (cNK BM) were sorted from Eomes Gfp/+ mice with the markers Lineage- CD45+ NK1.1+ Eomes GFP+.
Project description:The ability to detect and isolate bGL1-22/LGL1–specific human type II NKT cells allowed us to compare the global gene expression profiles of these cells with type I NKT cells using microarray analysis. Principal component analysis revealed that the gene expression profile signature for bGL1-22 and LGL1-specific T cells both before and after activation with anti-CD3/CD28 beads is distinct from that of type I NKT cells. RNA from CD1d tetramer-sorted b-GL122/LGL1–specific T cells or iNKT cells was amplified, labeled, and hybridized on the Affymetrix Human Genome U133 Plus 2.0 microarray chips. The data were analyzed with GeneSpring GX 12.5 (Agilent Technologies)
Project description:Natural Killer Gene Complex (NKC)-encoded immunomodulatory C-type lectin-like receptors (CTLR) include members of the NKRP1 and CLEC2 gene families, which constitute genetically linked receptor-ligand pairs and are thought to allow for NK cell-mediated immunosurveillance of stressed or infected tissues. The mouse CTLR Nkrp1g was previously shown to form several receptor-ligands pairs with the CLEC2 proteins Clr-d, Clr-f, and Clr-g, respectively. Recently, we demonstrated a gut-restricted expression of Clr-f on intestinal epithelial cells that is spatially matched by Nkrp1g on subsets of intraepithelial lymphocytes (Leibelt et al., 2015). We now investigated expression and ligand interaction of Nkrp1g in the splenic compartment, and found an exclusive expression of Nkrp1g on a small subset of NK cells that upregulates Nkrp1g after cytokine exposure. To further characterize NKrp1g+ NK cells, we performed microarray analysis of resting Nkrp1g+ versus Nkrp1g- splenic NK cells that were purified by FACsorting. Total RNA isolation was followed by an Affymetrix microarray analysis.
Project description:We sorted Eomes-negative NK cells (CD3- CD56+ CXCR6- CD16-) and Eomes-positive NK cells (CD3- CD56+ CXCR6+) from total leukocytes isolated from the perfusion fluid of five healthy human livers destined for transplantation. Total RNA was extracted from sorted cells, cDNA generated and RNASeq performed. Overall design: Examination of mRNA levels in paired Eomes-negative/Eomes-positive NK cells from the same donor.