ABSTRACT: mRNA profiling of mouse ureters comparing wild-type ureter vs. ureters from mice having whole body deletion of miR-143 and miR-145 which results in abnormal ureter peristalsis and hydronephrosis We used microarrays to detail the global program of gene expression in wild-type and miR-143/145-deficient ureters which revealed dysregulation of genes linked to smooth muscle morphology and function. Two condition experiment: wild type vs miR-143/145 KO; biological replicates: individual mice - 2 wild type, 2 mutant. One replicate per array.
Project description:In a series of mouse genetic studies, we concluded that miR-143/145 expression in intestinal subepithelial myofibroblasts (ISEMFs) promotes epithelial regeneration after DSS-mediated injury in the colon. This experiment aims to identify miR-143/145 target genes that are involved in this function. We generated primary ISEMFs from wildtype and miR-143/145 null mouse colons and analyzed their gene expression profile. We further subjected ISEMFs to LPS treatment, in order to measure gene expression changes that are only revealed after inflammatory stress. Three wild-type and three miR-143/145 null ISEMF cell lines were isolated from mouse colons. Cells were treated with or without 1 ug/mL LPS for 24 hours and total RNA was isolated. Gene expression was profiled using Illumina microarrays.
Project description:A growing body of literature has proposed cell-autonomous tumor suppressor functions for the mir-143~145 cluster in a variety of human cancers, including lung adenocarcinoma, and has reported therapeutic benefits of delivering mir-143 and mir- 145 to tumors. In contrast to these studies, we found that depletion or forced expression of mir-143 and mir-145 in an autochthonous mouse model of lung adenocarcinoma did not affect tumor development. Surprisingly, we observed that loss of mir-143~145 from the tumor microenvironment significantly reduced tumor burden, indicating a non-cell- autonomous role for these miRNAs in promoting tumorigenesis. By examining the expression patterns of different cell populations isolated in vivo from tumor-bearing lungs using an integrated computational approach, we identified a role for mir-145 in stimulating the proliferation of endothelial cells by downregulating an inhibitory kinase, Camk1d, which prevents mitotic entry. As a consequence, tumors in mir-143~145- deficient animals exhibited diminished hallmarks of neo-angiogenesis, increased apoptosis and their expansion appeared limited by the tumor’s ability to co-opt the alveolar vasculature. These findings show that expression of the mir-143~145 cluster in the tumor stroma promotes rather than suppresses tumorigenesis and cautions against the use of these miRNAs as agents in cancer therapeutics. Overall design: Epcam-positive, CD31-positive, and triple-negative (Epcam-CD31-CD45-) cell populations isolated by flow cytometry from tumor-bearing lungs of K-rasG12D/+, miR-143/145-proficient and -deficient mice. Three independent mice from each genotype were used as biological replicates.
Project description:Analysis of ureters of idiopathic ureteritis mice. The B cell functions associated genes were upregulated in the diseased ureters compared to nomal ureter. These results provide a basical information of molecular pathology in idiopathic ureteritis. In the study, the normal ureter (n=3) and diseased ureter (n=3) were used. The total RNA sample of each group was collected to 1 sample, 36,142 genes expressions were compared between these groups.
Project description:The contribution of altered posttranscriptional gene silencing (PTGS) to the development of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus so far remains elusive. We have described that expression of microRNAs (miR)-143 and -145 is dysregulated in genetic and dietary mouse models of obesity. Induced transgenic overexpression of miR-143, but not miR-145, causes insulin resistance and impaired insulin-stimulated AKT activation. We used microarrays to analyze the underlying molecular mechanisms of miR-143-mediated development of insulin resistance. Overall design: miR-143DOX mice (n=3) and wildtype littermate controls (n=3) were treated with doxycycline via the drinking water to induce miR-143 overexpression in the transgenic animals. Primary hepatocytes were isolated for RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays.
Project description:In the urinary tract, smooth muscle (SM) is present in the renal pelvis, the ureter, the bladder and the urethra and plays a crucial role in the functional and structural integrity of these organs. In Tshz3 mutant ureters the myogenic program is not activated in the proximal region due to the absence of expression of myocardin (Myocd), a key regulator of SM differentiation. We set out to characterize TSHZ3-dependent mechanisms that participate to the process of ureteric smooth muscle cells (SMC) differentiation. To this aim, we used microarrays to identify distinct classes of up- and down-regulated genes in Tshz3LAcZ/LacZ mutant ureters at two different time points; at E14.5, which corresponds to the onset of the myogenic program and at E16.5, when SMC express the full repertoire of differentiation marker genes. Mouse embryonic (E14.5 and E16.5) wild type and Tshz3LacZ/LacZ mutant ureters were dissected for RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays.
Project description:The contribution of altered posttranscriptional gene silencing (PTGS) to the development of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus so far remains elusive. We have described that expression of microRNAs (miR)-143 and -145 is dysregulated in genetic and dietary mouse models of obesity. Induced transgenic overexpression of miR-143, but not miR-145, causes insulin resistance and impaired insulin-stimulated AKT activation. We used microarrays to analyze the underlying molecular mechanisms of miR-143-mediated development of insulin resistance. miR-143DOX mice (n=3) and wildtype littermate controls (n=3) were treated with doxycycline via the drinking water to induce miR-143 overexpression in the transgenic animals. Primary hepatocytes were isolated for RNA extraction and hybridization on Affymetrix microarrays.
Project description:mRNA profiling of mouse spleens comparing wild type spleens vs. spleens from mice having deletion of RBP-J in cells of the renin lineage which results in B-cell leukemia We used microarrays to detail the global program of gene expression in wild type and the leukemic spleens which revealed upregulation of genes for cell cycle progression and B cell identity in the leukemic spleens. Two condition experiment: wild type vs leukemic; biological replicates: individual mice - 2 wild type, 2 mutant. One replicate per array.
Project description:The tumor suppressor PTEN is frequently inactivated in breast and other cancers; yet, germ-line mutations in this gene induce non-malignant hamartomas, indicating dependency on additional cooperating events. Here we show that most tumors derived from conditional deletion of mouse Pten in mammary epithelium are highly differentiated and lack transplantable tumor initiating cells (TICs) capable of seeding new tumors following orthotopic injection of FACS-sorted or tumorsphere cells. A rare group of poorly differentiated tumors did harbour transplantable TICs. These transplantable tumors exhibited distinct molecular classification, signaling pathways, chromosomal aberrations and mutational landscape, as well as reduced expression of microRNA-143/145. Stable knockdown of miR-143/145 conferred tumorigenic potential upon poorly transplantable Pten-deficient tumor cells through a mechanism involving induction of RAS signaling, leading to increased sensitivity to MEK inhibition. In humans, miR145-deficiency significantly correlated with elevated RAS pathway activity in basal-like breast cancer, and patients with combined PTEN/miR-145 loss or PTEN-loss/RAS pathway activation exhibited poor clinical outcome. These results underscore a selective pressure for combined PTEN loss together with miR-145 loss or high RAS-pathway activity in aggressive forms of breast cancer, and a need to identify and prioritize these tumors for aggressive therapy. Expression data comparing 2 types of Pten-deficient tumors (spindle and poorly differentiated) with other models of mouse mammary tumors Overall design: Wap-Cre:Ptenfl/fl tumors was compared with MMTV-Neu,and wild-type mammary glands
Project description:The mammalian ureter contains a water-tight epithelium surrounded by smooth muscle. Key molecules have been defined which regulate ureteric bud initiation and drive the differentiation of ureteric mesenchyme into peristaltic smooth muscle. Less is known about mechanisms underlying the developmental patterning of the multilayered epithelium characterising the mature ureter. In skin, which also contains a multilayered epithelium, cytokeratin 15 (CK15), an intermediate filament protein, is a marker for cells whose progeny contribute to epidermal regeneration following wounding. Moreover, CK15+ precursor cells in skin can give rise to basal cell carcinomas. In the current study, using transcriptome microarrays of embryonic wild type mouse ureters, we detected Krt15, coding for CK15.