Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

5

Slug-dependent upregulation of L1CAM is responsible for the increased invasion potential of pancreatic cancer cells following long-term 5-FU-treatment


ABSTRACT: In pancreatic cancer the survival rate is low, as the available treatment options usually only extend survival and seldom produce a cure. Drug resistance and disease reoccurrence is the typical reason for death after cancer diagnosis. 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is the main chemostatic used in first line therapy. However the majority of the tumors become resistant to treatment. To investigate acquired 5-FU resistance in pancreatic adenocarcinoma, we established chemoresistant monoclonal cell lines from the Panc03.27 cell line by long-term exposure to 5-FU. In addition to increased expression of markers associated with multidrug resistance, the 5-FU resistant clones showed alterations typical of the process of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), including upregulation of mesenchymal markers and increased invasiveness. Microarray analysis revealed the L1CAM pathway as one of the most upregulated pathways in the chemoresistant clones, which was confirmed on RNA and protein levels. Expression of the adhesion molecule L1CAM is associated with a chemoresistant and migratory phenotype of pancreatic cancer. Using esiRNA targeting L1CAM, or by blocking the extracellular part of L1CAM with monoclonal antibodies, we discovered that the increased invasiveness observed in the chemoresistant cells depends on L1CAM. Using esiRNA targeting β-catenin and/or Slug, we discovered that L1CAM expression depends on Slug rather than β-catenin in the 5-FU resistant cells. We demonstrate a functional link between Slug and the expression level of L1CAM in pancreatic cancer cells having undergone EMT following long-term exposure to 5-FU. Our findings provide further insight into the molecular mechanisms leading to a chemoresistant and migratory phenotype in pancreatic cancer cells and indicate the importance of Slug-induced L1CAM in refractory pancreatic cancer. Examination of expression of 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) Panc03.27 cell line resistant clone versus expression of 5-FU sensitive clones (NT) in 4 replicates per cell lines

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Ian Mills   Stefan Krauss  Kaja Lund  Alfonso Urbanucci  Jennifer L Dembinski  Ian G Mills  Nina Solberg 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-58386 | ArrayExpress | 2015-08-11

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE58386PRJNA252428

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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Publications

Slug-dependent upregulation of L1CAM is responsible for the increased invasion potential of pancreatic cancer cells following long-term 5-FU treatment.

Lund Kaja K   Dembinski Jennifer L JL   Solberg Nina N   Urbanucci Alfonso A   Mills Ian G IG   Krauss Stefan S  

PloS one 20150410 4


BACKGROUND:Pancreatic adenocarcinoma is a lethal disease with 5-year survival of less than 5%. 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) is a principal first-line therapy, but treatment only extends survival modestly and is seldom curative. Drug resistance and disease recurrence is typical and there is a pressing need to overcome this. To investigate acquired 5-FU resistance in pancreatic adenocarcinoma, we established chemoresistant monoclonal cell lines from the Panc 03.27 cell line by long-term exposure to incre  ...[more]

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