Genomics

Dataset Information

240

Targeting the MLL complex in castration-resistant prostate cancer [ChIP-seq]


ABSTRACT: Men who develop metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) invariably succumb to the disease. The development and progression to CRPC following androgen ablation therapy is predominantly driven by unregulated androgen receptor (AR) signaling. Despite the success of recently approved therapies targeting AR signaling, such as abiraterone and second-generation anti-androgens MDV3100 (enzalutamide), durable responses are limited, presumably due to acquired resistance. Recently, JQ1 and I-BET, two selective small molecule inhibitors that target the amino-terminal bromodomains of BRD4, have been shown to exhibit antiproliferative effects in a range of malignancies. Here we show that AR signaling-competent CRPC cell lines are preferentially sensitive to BET bromodomain inhibition. BRD4 physically interacts with the N-terminal domain of AR and can be disrupted by JQ1. Like the direct AR antagonist, MDV3100, JQ1 disrupted AR recruitment to target gene loci. In contrast to MDV3100, JQ1 functions downstream of AR, and more potently abrogated BRD4 localization to AR target loci and AR mediated gene transcription including induction of TMPRSS2-ERG and its oncogenic activity. In vivo, BET bromodomain inhibition was more efficacious than direct AR antagonism in CRPC xenograft models. Taken together, these studies provide a novel epigenetic approach for the concerted blockade of oncogenic drivers in advanced prostate cancer. Examination of ASH2L genome-wide binding in prostate cancer cells after AR stimulation.

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Matthew Iyer   Marcin Piotr Cieslik  Rohit Malik 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-60841 | ArrayExpress | 2015-03-02

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE60841SRP045831PRJNA259656

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress, ENA

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