Long non-coding RNAs are differentially expressed in hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines with different metastatic potential
ABSTRACT: We describe the lncRNA expression profiles of two HCC cell lines, one with high potential for metastasis to the lung (HCCLM3) and the other to lymph nodes (HCCLYM-H2). The HCCLM3(LM3) and HCCLM6 cell lines were derived from the same parental cell line MHCC-97H. LM3 metastasizes to the lung, while HCCLM6 can metastasize to multiple organs in a mouse model. By subcloning HCCLM6, we established the HCCLYM-H2(H2) cell line, which showed stable and high metastatic potential specific to the lymph nodes. In the present study, we compared the expression profiles of HCC cell lines with a similar genetic background but different potential for lung or lymph node metastasis. We found that expression signatures comprising lncRNAs and protein-coding mRNAs were significantly associated with organ-specific HCC metastasis. To further validate microarray data, we selected six lncRNAs (CR613944, BC058547, RP5-1014O16.1, NCRNA00173, lincRNA-CALCA, lincRNA-TSPAN8) and two mRNAs (TSPAN8, CALCB) in the two HCC cell lines using qRT-PCR. Data obtained from qRT-PCR and the microarray was consistent. Differentially expressed lncRNAs between high lymphatic metastatic potential HCC cell H2 and high lung metastatic potiential HCC cell LM3 were identified by microarray and validated using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction.
Project description:Many protein-coding oncofetal genes are highly expressed in murine and human fetal liver and silenced in adult liver. The protein products of these hepatic oncofetal genes have been used as clinical markers for the recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and as therapeutic targets for HCC. Herein, we examined the expression profiles of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and mRNAs found in fetal and adult liver in mice.LncRNA-mPvt1 is an oncofetal RNA that was found to promote cell proliferation, cell cycling and the expression of stem cell-like properties of murine cells. Human lncRNA-hPVT1 promotes cell proliferation, cell cycling and the acquisition of stem cell-like properties in HCC cells by stabilizing NOP2 protein. Regulation of the lncRNA-hPVT1/NOP2 pathway may have beneficial effects in the treatment of HCC. We collected mouse fetal livers (E12.5, E14.5, E17.5 days), neonatal murine livers and adult murine livers (8 weeks). The total RNAs recovered from these developmental livers and were used to acquire different expression profiles of mRNAs and lncRNAs.
Project description:Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are a class of non-coding RNAs longer than 200 nt that function in endogenous gene regulation and tumorigenesis. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a heterogeneous disease with different treatment outcome. It is a challenge to develop a prognostic marker to identify HCC patients who are at greatest risk for recurrence or death. In this study, we try to screen lncRNAs whose expression levels are associated with recurrence or death of HCC patients through an extensive lncRNA profiling study on a cohort of 59 HCC patients. For these experiments, we used RNA extracted from 59 HCC tissues and 20 normal livers. Total RNAs from the 20 normal livers were pooled and used as a reference for all microarray experiments. For each microarray experiment, Cy5-labeled probes derived from the DNase-treated total RNA from each HCC sample was hybridized against Cy3-labeled probes derived from common reference on Arraystar Human LncRNA Microarray (Arraystar, Rockville, USA). LncRNAs whose expression was significantly associated with disease-specific survival and time to recurrence were selected based on microarray data. The univariate Cox proportional hazards model was used to assess the association of lncRNAs with survival. We computed a statistical significance level (P value) for two endpoints—the time to cancer-related death and time to recurrence, based on univariate Cox proportional hazards models in BRB-ArrayTools version 4.2.0.
Project description:To identify the novel tumor suppressors in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), we have employed whole genome microarray expression profiling as a discovery platform in HCC and paired normal liver tissues to identify genes which down-regulated in HCC. Among which, INTS6 and its pseudogene, namely INTS6P1, were found to be dramatically down-regulated in HCC. The down-regulated expression of INTS6 and INTS6P1 in HCC was further confirmed by real-time PCR. RNA was extracted from 3 pairs of HCC and normal liver tissue harvested from patients to undergo microarray study.
Project description:Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are known to regulate the development and progression of various cancers, however, few lncRNAs have been well characterized in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). Understanding the expression profile of lncRNAs and protein-coding genes is critical to develop new diagnosis and treatment strategies for LUAD and improving the prognosis of diagnosed patients. Five female LUAD patients with no smoking history were selected to profile lncRNA and protein-coding gene expression with microarrays. Paired tumor tissues and adjacent nontumor tissues were collected and confirmed by pathologists.
Project description:Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are transcripts longer than 200 nucleotides located within the intergenic stretches or overlapping antisense transcripts of protein coding genes. LncRNAs are involved in numerous biological roles including imprinting, epigenetic regulation, apoptosis and cell-cycle. To determine whether lncRNAs are associated with clinical features and recurrent mutations in older patients (aged ≥60 years) with cytogenetically normal (CN) acute myeloid leukemia (AML), we evaluated lncRNA expression in 148 untreated older CN-AML cases using a custom microarray platform. We analyzed 148 older cytogenetically normal(CN)-AML patients samples using a custom microarray platform and describe the expression of lncRNAs among the AML samples.
Project description:Liver regeneration has important implications because many therapeutic strategies for the surgical treatment of liver diseases, such as removal of liver tumors and liver transplantation, depend on the ability of the liver to regenerate physically and functionally. Recent studies reported that lncRNAs control cell proliferation in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the role of lncRNAs in liver regeneration and the overall mechanisms remain largely unknown. To address this issue, we carried out a genome-wide lncRNA microarray analysis during liver regeneration in mice after 2/3 partial hepatectomy (PH) at various time points. The results revealed differential expression of thousands of lncRNAs during liver regeneration. Six-week-old male wildtype C57Bl/6 mouse liver samples were obtained at 0, 1.5, 12, and 24 hours after 2/3 PH, and three mice were analyzed for each time point. Total RNA was isolated using Trizol.Mouse Stringent LncRNA Array (4 x 44K, ArrayStar, Rockville, MD) were used to monitor the expression level of approximately 14000 lncRNAs identified from the NCBI RefSeq, UCSC, RNAdb2.0, NRED, Fantom3.0 and UCRs. LncRNAs differentially expressed were identified by comparing expression levels during liver regeneration in mice after 2/3 partial hepatectomy (PH) at various time points.
Project description:To explore the potential involvement of lncRNAs in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) oncogenesis, we conducted lncRNA and mRNA profiling in 3 pairs of human HCC and adjacent normal tissue (NT) by microarray. With abundant probes accounting for 33,045 lncRNAs and 30,215 coding transcripts in our microarray, the number of lncRNAs and coding transcripts that could be detected here is 10,149 and 14,944, respectively. From the data, thousands of lncRNAs and mRNAs were found to bedifferentially expressed (Fold Change≥2.0) in HCC tissues compared with NT and identified 624 lncRNAs and 1050 mRNAs were differentially expressed in all three HCC tissues.Bioinformatic analysis (gene ontology, pathway and network analysis) was performed for further study of these differentially expressed mRNAs.By qRT-PCR analysis in nineteen pairs HCC and adjacent normal tissues, we found that eightl ncRNAs were aberrantly expressed in HCC compared with corresponding NT, which is consistent with microarray data. Additionally, change trends of seven lncRNAs were basically identical to their nearby coding genes. In this study, to explore the potential involvement of lncRNAs in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) oncogenesis, we conducted lncRNA and mRNA profiling in 3 pairs of human HCC and adjacent normal tissue (NT) by microarray.
Project description:Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is the most common form of acute leukemia in adults and the second most common form of leukemia in children. Multiple lncRNAs participate in normal and may be implicated in malignant hematopoiesis associated with blood cell cancers, such as leukemia. Currently, the expression profile of lncRNAs in pediatric AML is unclear. In this study, we evaluated the lncRNA expression profile in the tissue of three pediatric AML patients with lncRNA microarray techniques. In order to gain insight into the function of targets of lncRNAs, GO term and KEGG pathway annotation were applied to the target gene pool. qPCR was performed to evaluate the expression patterns of dys-regulated lncRNAs. Bone marrow specimens were obtained at the time of diagnosis during routine clinical assessment of 3 pediatric patients with AML, who presented at the Department of Hematology and Oncology, Children's Hospital of Soochow University between 2000 and 2011. Additionally, bone marrow samples from 3 healthy donors were analyzed as controls. Human LncRNA Array analysis was performed by KangChen Bio-tech, Shanghai P.R. China. Total RNA from each sample was quantified by the NanoDrop ND-1000 and RNA integrity was assessed by standard denaturing agarose gel electrophoresis. For microarray analysis, Agilent Array platform was employed. The sample preparation and microarray hybridization were performed based on the manufacturer’s standard protocols with minor modifications. Briefly, mRNA was purified from total RNA after removal of rRNA (mRNA-ONLY™ Eukaryotic mRNA Isolation Kit, Epicentre). Then, each sample was amplified and transcribed into fluorescent cRNA along the entire length of the transcripts without 3’ bias utilizing a random priming method. The labeled cRNAs were hybridized onto the Human LncRNA Array v2.0 (8 x 60K, Arraystar). After having washed the slides, the arrays were scanned by the Agilent Scanner G2505C. Agilent Feature Extraction software (version 188.8.131.52) was used to analyze acquired array images. Quantile normalization and subsequent data processing were performed using the GeneSpring GX v12.0 software package (Agilent Technologies). After quantile normalization of the raw data, LncRNAs and mRNAs that at least 4 out of 6 samples have flags in Present or Marginal (“All Targets Value”) were chosen for further data analysis. Differentially expressed LncRNAs and mRNAs with statistical significance between the two groups were identified through Volcano Plot filtering. Pathway analysis and GO analysis were applied to determine the roles of these differentially expressed mRNAs played in these biological pathways or GO terms. Finally, Hierarchical Clustering was performed to show the distinguishable LncRNAs and mRNAs expression pattern among samples.
Project description:The hepatitis B virus X protein (HBx) has been implicated as an oncogene in both epigenetic modifications and genetic regulation during hepatocarcinogenesis, but the underlying mechanisms are not entirely clear. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), which regulate gene expression with little or no protein-coding capacity, are involved in diverse biological processes and in carcinogenesis. We asked whether HBx could promote hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) by regulating the expression of lncRNAs.In this study, we investigated the alteration in expression of lncRNAs induced by HBx using microarrays, and our results indicate that HBx transgenic mice have a specific profile of liver lncRNAs compared with wild-type mice. For these experiments, six each of 20-month-old male HBx-transgenic mice and wild-type C57BL/6 mice were sacrificed and the livers were removed. Every three livers were pooled as one sample; therefore, each group was represented by two samples. The total RNA was extracted from the four samples and used for microarray experiments. Mouse LncRNA Array (4 x 44K, ArrayStar, Rockville, MD) were used to monitor the expression level of approximately 14000 lncRNAs identified from the NCBI RefSeq, UCSC, RNAdb2.0, NRED, Fantom3.0 and UCRs. LncRNAs differentially expressed were identified by comparing expression levels in HBx-transgenic mice and wild-type mice.
Project description:To profile changes in gene expression upon dsiRNA knockdown of LIVE1 lincRNA in HUVECs HUVECs were either subject to dsiRNA targeting LIVE1 or universal negative control, four distinct biological samples were used paired in each condition, 8 samples all together