ChIP-chip of MCF7 Sox2 regulatory region 2 transcription activity reporter unresponsive and reporter responsive breast cancer cells
ABSTRACT: We found that MCF7 and ZR751 Sox2-expressing breast cancer cell lines comprise of cells with heterogeneous Sox2 transcription activity reporter response. A small subset of Sox2 reporter responsive cells are more tumourigenic than the bulk Sox2 reporter unresponsive cells. We questioned whether Sox2 exhibit differential gene promoter occupancies in the two cell subsets to govern differential gene expression patterns. Sox2 ChIP in reporter unresponsive (RU) and reporter responsive (RR) cells (duplicate samples) were compared. IgG ChIP in RU and RR cells served as the negative controls.
Project description:Purpose: Sox2 expression marks gastric stem and progenitor cells, raising important questions regarding the genes regulated by Sox2 and the role of Sox2 itself during stomach homeostasis and disease. The goal of this study is to determine the function of and the genes regulated by Sox2 in the stomach. Methods: Sox2 ChIP-enriched DNA and input DNA was isolated from gastric glands of adult antrum from Sox2 KO and Sox2 WT mice. DNA was purified and genomic libraries were prepared as described (Sulahian et al., 2014), using four micrograms of goat anti-SOX2 (AF2018, R&D). Libraries were sequenced (50 bp, single-end reads) on an Illumina Hi-Seq 2000 instrument. Results: Sox2 is dispensiable for gastric stem cell self-renewal and epithelial homeostasis, however modulates the expression of wnt, intestinal and cancer related genes Examination of Sox2 targets in the stomachs of Sox2 WT and Sox2 KO mice.
Project description:Here we have developed a method to identify chromatin-bound partners of a protein of interest by selective isolation of chromatin-associated proteins (SICAP) followed by mass spectrometry. We applied SICAP to identify chromatin-binding proteins associated to Oct4, Sox2 and Nanog in mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells.
Project description:The use of a graduated series of Arabidopsis thaliana genomic deletion mutations (of sizes ranging from 4 bp to ~5 kb) to optimize CGH-based genomic deletion detection Microarray-based ultra-high resolution discovery of genomic deletion mutations
Project description:Genome instability is a characteristic of malignant cells, however, evidence for its contribution to tumorigenesis has been enigmatic. In this study we demonstrate that a complex containing the retinoblastoma protein, E2F1, and Condensin II localizes to major satellite repeats at pericentromeres. In the absence of this complex, this genomic region fails to properly replicate and H2AX phosphorylation at pericentromeric repeats is increased. Our data indicates that these lesions contribute to defective chromosome segregation in the ensuing mitosis. Surprisingly, loss of even one copy of the retinoblastoma gene was sufficient to reduce recruitment of Condensin II to pericentromeres and cause this phenotype. Furthermore, we determined that human RB1 mutation status in cancers of mesenchymal origin correlated with copy number variation, chromosomal gains and losses, as well as chromothriptic rearrangements. Importantly, the magnitude of these chromosomal abnormalities was indistinguishable between RB1+/- and RB1-/- genotypes. Lastly, using gene-targeted mice we determined that mutation of just one copy of the murine Rb1 gene causes sarcomas and lymphomas with increased chromosome copy number variation. Our study connects replication stress with a number of common chromosomal abnormalities in cancer through a dosage sensitive complex present at pericentromeric repeats. Copy number data of thymic lymphomas from 12 different RB1 Δ/+; Trp53-/- mice were analyzed. Tumor DNA was hybridized against same sex control samples (pooled DNA from 5 normal male or female mice). NimbleGen performed a control male vs control female hybridization. All hybridizations were done on a mouse whole genome array (design 2006-07-26-MM8-WG-CGH). Conclusions were drawn from 10X window avereaged, CGH-segMNT analysed data files.
Project description:Bone marrow-derived multipotent stromal cells (BM-MSCs) exhibit therapuetically valuable properties, including the capacity to differentiate into skeletal tissues and modulate immune system activity. These properties depend on proper regulation of dynamic gene expression in response to environmental and developmental stimuli. This study used chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) coupled with human promoter tiling microarray analysis (ChIP-on-chip) to profile histones H3K4me3 and H3K27me3 at promoters genome-wide. The goal of the study was to identify gene promoters marked by H3K27me3 and H3K4me3 in BM-MSCs. ChIP-on-chip performed with antibodies to H3K4me3 and H3K27me3 on BM-MSCs from 3 different donors (labeled 1632, 167696, and 8F3560) and with technical replicates.
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE23795: Chip-Seq analysis of Sox2 protein genome-wide DNA binding sites in glioma cancer cells GSE23838: Genes regulated by Sox2 in glioma cancer cell line Refer to individual Series
Project description:Reprogramming cells from one fate to another, using transcription factors, generates cells for research and potential therapy, yet little is known about the initial engagement of reprogramming factors with the genome. We mapped the interactions between Oct4, Sox2, Klf4, and c-Myc (OSKM) and the human genome during the first 48 hours of cellular reprogramming to pluripotency. Unlike that reported in ES/iPS cells, we find extensive overlap in the initial binding of OSKM, demonstrating that the initial regulatory network differs markedly from that in pluripotency. OSK act as pioneer factors for c-Myc, and c-Myc enhances the engagement of OSK, including at many genes that are required for conversion to pluripotency. Distal enhancer sites in closed chromatin dominate the initial OSKM distribution. Hierarchical chromatin binding during reprogramming resembles that employed during development. Four chIP-seq data sets (Oct4, Sox2, Klf4, and c-Myc) are included, one lane per factor, no replicates. Also included is an input lane from the same conditions and two mock lentiviral controls (no exogenous OSKM factors) treated with Oct4 IP and c-Myc IP.
Project description:We identified directly and indirectly regulated target genes utilizing an inducible TEL-AML1 system derived from the murine pro B-cell line BA/F3 and a monoclonal antibody directed against TEL-AML1. By integration of promoter binding identified with ChIP-on-chip, gene expression and protein output through microarray technology and stable labelling of amino acids in cell culture (SILAC), we identified directly and indirectly regulated targets of the TEL-AML1 fusion protein. Bound promoter regions of immunoprecipitated AML1 associated genes were first compared to input material and enrichment was calculated. The same was performed for empty vector control cell lines, also treated with the induction reagent mifepriston. Enriched promoter regions were then compared of the both sets. 3 independent replicates each (6 arrays) were performed.
Project description:Sox2 is a key determinant of neural cell identity, expressed in neural progenitors from anterior to posterior levels. We asked if the occupancy of this factor changes in neural progenitors with different axial identities. To this end, we performed the directed differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells to generate neural progenitors in vitro with either hindbrain or spinal cord identity. We then performed Sox2 ChIP-seq (antibody SC-17320X), to assess the difference in Sox2 occupancy at these two different axial levels. This revealed that the genome-wide occupancy of Sox2 in neural progenitors changes depending on axial identity.