Dataset Information


Genome-wide DNA-binding profile of the Vibrio cholerae histone-like nucleoid structuring protein (H-NS)

ABSTRACT: The cholera disease bacterium V. cholerae, can adopt planktonic or biofilm lifestyles depending on the intracellular concentration of the second messenger cyclic diguanylic acid (c-di-GMP). Biofilm formation protects Vibrios from stressful conditions and facilitates disease transmission by enhancing infectivity. The histone-like nucleoid structuring protein (H-NS) is a global regulator of genes associated with pathogenicity and responses to environmental stresses. H-NS represses the transcription of genes vpsT, vpsA and vpsL, which are required for the biosynthesis of the biofilm exopolysacchide matrix. Here we demonstrate that the c-di-GMP-binding protein VpsT disrupts H-NS nucleoprotein complexes at the vpsA and vpsL promoters and that this effect is enhanced by c-di-GMP. We used ChIP coupled with Next Generation Sequencing (ChIP-Seq) and transcriptome analysis (RNA-Seq) to identify additional loci repressed by H-NS affecting biofilm formation. This study showed that H-NS directly represses the transcription of genes encoding proteins present in the biofilm matrix such as the rbmA-F cluster, hemolysin and chitinase. Similar to vpsA and vpsL, the promoter region of vpsU, rbmA and rbmF exhibited overlapping H-NS and VpsT binding motifs. Deletion of vpsT increased H-NS occupancy at the vpsU, vpsA, vpsL, rbmA and rbmF promoters. Conversely, artificially increasing the c-di-GMP pool diminished H-NS occupancy at the above promoters. Deletion of vpsT did not affect H-NS occupancy at its own promoter. However, deletion of genes encoding the regulators AphA and VpsR significantly increased H-NS occupancy at the vpsT promoter. In sum, our study shows that c-di-GMP enhances biofilm formation by acting through VpsT to activate an H-NS anti-repression cascade. The Binding profile of V. cholerae H-NS to the genome was determined by ChIP followed by Next Generation Sequencing (ChIP-Seq) using the Illumina HiSeq2000 platform. V. cholerae C7258 cells expressing H-NS-FLAG fusion protein from the hns transcription and translation signals were collected from LB cultures grown to mid-exponential phase (OD600 0.5). An anti-FLAG Immunoprecipitation (IP) and an Input samples were used for the analysis.

ORGANISM(S): Vibrio cholerae  

SUBMITTER: Hongxia Wang   Jorge A Benitez  Anisia Juana Silva-Benitez  Anisia J Silva  Julio C Ayala 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-64249 | ArrayExpress | 2015-05-13



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