ABSTRACT: these are successive array CGH analyses of a case of retroperitonaeal well-differentiated liposarcoma and its four successive dedifferentiated liposarcoma relapses. We observed differences and similarities between the 5 components The samples were extracted from fresh or formalin fixed-paraffine embedded fragments and were analysed by arrayCGH with nimblegen CGX or Agilent SureTag method. We compared whole genome profiles.
Project description:Fibroblasts, Serum-free Fibrocytes, Serum-containing Fibrocytes, Monocytes, Macrophages, Osteoclasts, immature Dendritic Cells, and mature Dendritic Cells were all generated from 3 biological replicates from each of 3 separate donors. RNA was extracted (Ambion RNAqueous), labelled with cy3, mixed with cy5 labelled human reference (Stratagene), and hybridised to slides printed with Human AROS v4.0 oligonucleotides (Operon). Slides were scanned using a Perkin Elmer GX plus, and the data then normalised with GEPAS v4.0 and collated. Final data analysis was carried out using TMEV 4.0. SAM was performed using a 0.1% FDR. HCL and PCA were plotted from this list, and interrogation carried out using DAVID to determine pathway enrichment. After initial analysis, the Fibroblast cell type was found to significantly bias the data. Due to this, these samples were removed from the analysis, and the data re-normalised. This second data file will be submitted separately.
Project description:Serum-free Fibrocytes, Serum-containing Fibrocytes, CD14++CD16- Monocytes, CD14++CD16+ Monocytes, CD14+CD16++ Monocytes, Macrophages were all generated from up to 3 biological replicates from each of 3 separate donors. RNA was extracted (Ambion RNAqueous), labelled with cy3, mixed with cy5 labelled human reference (Stratagene), and hybridised to slides printed with Human AROS v4.0 oligonucleotides (Operon). Slides were scanned using a Perkin Elmer GX plus, and the data then normalised with GEPAS v4.0 and collated. Final data analysis was carried out using TMEV 4.0. SAM was performed using a 0.1% FDR. PCA were plotted from this list, and interrogation carried out using DAVID to determine pathway enrichment.
Project description:CD4 T cells taken from 6 donors were sorted into CD25hi CD45RA+ (naï¿½ve Treg), CD25hi CD45RO+ (memory Treg), CD25- CD45RA+ (naï¿½ve responder) and CD25- CD45RO+ (memory responder) populations. <br><br>RNA was extracted (Ambion RNAqueous), amplified (SMART), labelled with cy3, mixed with cy5 labelled human reference (Stratagene), and hybridised to slides printed with Human AROS v4.0 oligonucleotides (Operon).<br><br>Slides were scanned using a Perkin Elmer GX plus, and the data then normalised with GEPAS v4.0 and collated. One sample was deemed to be of too low hybridisation quality, and was hence removed at this point.<br><br>Final data analysis was carried out using TMEV 4.0. SAM was performed using a 10% FDR. HCL and PCA were plotted from this list, and interrogation carried out using DAVID to determine pathway enrichment<br>
Project description:Trypanosoma cruzi, a flagellated protozoan, is the causative agent of Chagas’ disease, a chronic and potentially fatal disease that causes irreversible damage to heart and digestive tract in humans. Like all trypanosomes, the protein coding genes of T. cruzi are arranged into large polycistronic gene clusters transcribed by polymerase II (Pol II). Therefore, trypanosomes presumably rely on post-transcriptional process to regulate gene expression. Pol II promoters have not been identified and there is no evidence for regulated gene expression at the transcriptional level. However, the presence of the hyper-modified DNA base J, Beta-D-glucosyl hydroxymethyluracil, at regions flanking the polycistronic units (PTU) in T. brucei suggested its involvement in regulating Pol II transcription. We now demonstrate that base J is localized at PTU flanking regions in T. cruzi and levels are differentially regulated by the thymidine hydroxylases, JBP1 and JBP2, involved in J biosynthesis. Microarray analysis of the JBP1dKO and JBP2dKO indicate the up and down regulation of several hundred genes distributed throughout the genome. We show a large increase in Pol II transcription rate following the decrease in base J at the PTU flanks. Changes in gene expression include virulence genes and parasites are defective in host cell invasion and egress. There is a direct correlation between the reduction in base J levels, number of genes affected and strength of the virulence phenotype. These studies indicate that base J represents an epigenetic factor regulating Pol II transcription initiation in kinetoplastids and provides a biological role of the only hyper-modified DNA base in eukaryotes. J1 and J2 null mutant trypomastigotes were each compared to wild type trypomastigotes. There were 3 biological replicates for each comparison.
Project description:Based on studies in S. pombe (Chen et al., 2003), we predicted that conditions which activate C. albicans Hog1 would result in the induction of a common set of genes that are regulated by this SAPK (Smith et al., 2004). Hence in this study we compared the global transcriptional responses of wild-type and hog1 C. albicans cells to environmental stresses that are known to activate the Hog1 SAPK. We compared the homozygous hog1/hog1 null mutant (JC50) with the isogenic HOG1 reintegrant (hog1/hog1/HOG1: JC52) because this controlled for any secondary mutations that might have been introduced during the construction of the null mutant. We have shown that this reintegrant is indistinguishable from its parental wild-type strain RM1000 (HOG1/HOG1) with respect to their stress phenotypes (Smith et al., 2004) and their expression of stress genes (Supplementary Data). Three conditions were chosen for transcript profiling: osmotic stress imposed by 0.3 M NaCl, oxidative stress imposed by 5 mM H2O2, and heavy metal stress imposed by 0.5 mM CdSO4. Each of these treatments stimulates the phosphorylation and nuclear accumulation of this Hog1 SAPK within a 10-min time frame (Smith et al., 2004). Furthermore, significant differences in stress regulated gene expression are observed within this time scale (Enjalbert et al., 2003; Smith et al., 2004). Hence, we analyzed the C. albicans transcriptome after a 10-min exposure to each stress condition. Although some stress genes might be missed by analyzing a single time point, most C. albicans stress genes are induced within 10 min (Enjalbert et al., 2003). At least four independent biological replicates were analyzed for each condition
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE31911: Cryptococcal H99 cells grown in 8 conditions for capsule induction GSE32049: RNA-Seq analysis of ada2Δ, nrg1Δ and cir1Δ and KN99α wildtype cells in capsule inducing and non-inducing conditions GSE32075: ChIP-Seq of H3K9 acetylation for wildtype and ada2Δ cells in Cryptococcus neoformans Refer to individual Series
Project description:Time course experiment for treatment of B16 mouse melanoma cells with all-trans retinoic acid Keywords: Time couse Time-course experiment with treatment at 4hr, 10hr, 24hr, and 48hr. Six biological replicates per time point; one biological replicate per array. Dye swap.
Project description:1. Comparison of gene expression profiles of normal prostates and prostates isolated from 4-5 months old PSA-Cre;Pten-loxP/loxP mice<br>2.Comparison of the gene expression profile in the proximal and distal part of normal prostates
Project description:ICOS (Inducible Costimulator) is a T cell costimulatory molecule. We found that the cloned T-cell hybridoma 6-13-64 consists of two populations, ICOS expressing and non-expressing. The aim of this study is to screen for candidate genes that regulate ICOS gene expression by transcriptional profiling and comparison of the ICOS-positive and ICOS-negative subpopulations isolated from the 6-13-64 T-cell hybridoma. One-condition experiment, ICOS(-) vs. ICOS(+) cells. Independently grown and harvested. One replicate per array.
Project description:Differences in genome size and gene content are among the most important signatures of microbial adaptation and genome evolution. Here, we investigated the patterns of genome variation among strains of the symbiotic nitrogen-fixing bacterium Sinorhizobium meliloti. Using the sequenced strain Rm1021 as a reference, the genome size and gene content variations were analyzed among ten diverse natural strains, through pulse field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and whole-genome microarray hybridizations. Our PFGE analysis showed a genome size range of 6.45-7.01Mbp, with the greatest variation arising from the pSymA replicon, followed by that of pSymB. No observable size difference was evident among the chromosomes. Consistent with this pattern of size differences, 41.2% of ORFs on pSymA were variably absent/present, followed by 12.7% on pSymB, and 3.7% on the chromosome. However, the percentages of ORFs that were variably duplicated were more evenly distributed among the three replicons, 11.0%, 16.5% and 15.3% respectively for ORFs on pSymA, pSymB and the chromosome. Among the 10 strains, the percentages of absent ORFs ranged from 1.51% to 6.35% and those of duplicated ORFs ranged from 0.27% to 8.56%. Our analyses showed that host plants, geographic origins, multilocus enzyme electrophoretic types, and replicon sizes had little influence on the distribution patterns of absent or duplicated ORFs. The proportions of ORFs that were either variably absent/present or variably duplicated differed greatly among the functional categories, for each of the three replicons as well as for the whole genome. Interestingly, we observed positive correlations among the three replicons in their numbers of absent ORFs as well as the numbers of duplicated ORFs, consistent with coordinated gene gains/losses in this important bacterium in nature. microarray:Sm6kOligo A total of 12 strains were included for the microarray analyses in this study. The 12 strains included two reference strains and ten other natural strains. Reference strain Rm1021 was the strain with a completely sequenced genome, from which the whole genome microarray was based on (Krol et al. 2004). The second reference strain RmF909 was derived from strain Rm1021 but with a deletion of 575 ORFs located on the megaplasmid pSymB (genomic location 106724-735431, Charles et al. 1991). The two reference strains were used for positive and negative controls in our microarray hybridization experiments and for establishing threshold values for determining whether an ORF is present or absent among natural strains.