Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

3

Transcription profiling of 18-22 week human distal femur fetal cartilage and compared with a database of control normal human tissues from the CELSIUS database


ABSTRACT: Cartilage plays a fundamental role in the development of the human skeleton. Early in embryogenesis, mesenchymal cells condense and differentiate to chondrocytes to shape the early skeleton. Subsequently, the cartilage anlagen differentiate to form the growth plates, which are responsible for linear bone growth, and the articular chondrocytes, which facilitate joint function. However, despite the multiplicity of roles of cartilage during human fetal life, surprisingly little is known about its transcriptome. To address this, a whole genome microarray expression profile was generated using RNA isolated from 18-22 week human distal femur fetal cartilage and compared with a database of control normal human tissues aggregated at UCLA, termed CELSIUS. From the wealth of data, 161 cartilage-selective genes were identified, defined as genes significantly expressed in cartilage with low expression and little variation across a panel of 34 non-cartilage tissues. Among these 161 genes were cartilage-specific genes such as collagen genes and 25 genes which have been associated with skeletal phenotypes in humans and/or mice. Many of the other cartilage-selective genes do not have established roles in cartilage or are novel, unannotated genes. Quantitative RT-PCR confirmed the unique pattern of gene expression observed by microarray analysis. Defining the gene expression pattern for cartilage has identified new genes that may contribute to human skeletogenesis as well as provided further candidate genes for skeletal dysplasias. The data suggest that fetal cartilage is a complex and transcriptionally active tissue and demonstrate that the set of genes selectively expressed in the tissue has been greatly underestimated. Experiment Overall Design: RNA from 7 normal fetal cartilage samples was isolated. 5 samples were run in duplicate on U133 2.0 arrays, while 2 were run on U133A and U133B subsets. In brief, cartilage selective genes were identified by comparing 5 normal cartilage samples (GSM149638,GSM149639 ,GSM149640,GSM149641 ,GSM149642) to normal tissue expression profiles found on CELCIUS at UCLA. Genes which were found expressed at significantly higher levels were validated for their elevated and specific expression using the three platforms. The 9 validation arrays are: 5 U133 2.0 (GSM149643 ,GSM149644 ,GSM149645 ,GSM149646,GSM149647), 2 U133A (GSM149651, GSM149652), 2 U133B (GSM149653, GSM149654)

INSTRUMENT(S): 418 [Affymetrix]

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Vincent Anthony Funari  

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-6565 | ArrayExpress | 2008-06-15

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE6565PRJNA98737

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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Publications

Cartilage-selective genes identified in genome-scale analysis of non-cartilage and cartilage gene expression.

Funari Vincent A VA   Day Allen A   Krakow Deborah D   Cohn Zachary A ZA   Chen Zugen Z   Nelson Stanley F SF   Cohn Daniel H DH  

BMC genomics 20070612


Cartilage plays a fundamental role in the development of the human skeleton. Early in embryogenesis, mesenchymal cells condense and differentiate into chondrocytes to shape the early skeleton. Subsequently, the cartilage anlagen differentiate to form the growth plates, which are responsible for linear bone growth, and the articular chondrocytes, which facilitate joint function. However, despite the multiplicity of roles of cartilage during human fetal life, surprisingly little is known about its  ...[more]

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