Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

4

Microarray analysis of differentially expressed genes in ovarian and fallopian tube epithelium from risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomies


ABSTRACT: Mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes confer an increased lifetime risk for breast and ovarian cancer. Ovarian cancer risk can be decreased by risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO). Studies on RRSO material have altered the paradigm of serous ovarian cancer pathogenesis. The purpose of this study was to identify candidate genes possibly involved in pathogenesis of serous ovarian cancer by carrying out a microarray analysis of differentially expressed genes in BRCA1/2- mutation positive ovarian and fallopian tube epithelium derived from RRSO surgery. Freshly frozen ovarian and fallopian tube samples from nine BRCA1/2 mutation carriers scheduled for RRSO were prospectively collected in comparison with five mutation-negative control patients undergoing salpingo-oophorectomy for benign indications. Microarray analysis of genome-wide gene expression was performed on ovarian and fallopian tube samples from BRCA1/2 and control patients. The validation of microarray data was performed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) in selected cases of RRSO samples, and also high grade serous carcinoma samples collected from patients with BRCA phenotype. From 22,733 genes, 454 transcripts were identified that were differentially expressed in BRCA1/2 mutation carriers when statistically compared to controls pooling all ovarian and fallopian tube samples together. Of these, 299 genes were statistically significantly downregulated and 155 genes were upregulated. Differentially expressed genes in BRCA1/2 samples reported here might be involved in serous ovarian carcinogenesis and provide interesting targets for further studies. Both fallopian tube and ovarian samples were collected from each BRCA1/2 mutation carrier resulting in eighteen mutation positive adnexal samples. Both fallopian tube and ovarian control samples were collected from one control patient while either ovarian or fallopian tube sample was available from four control patients, respectively, resulting in 6 adnexal control samples. High quality RNA was available from nine BRCA1/2-mutation positive ovarian and eight BRCA1/2-mutation positive fallopian tube samples and from three control ovarian and three control fallopian tube samples.

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Francesco Tabaro   Matti Nykter  Jorma Isola  Kristina Veskimäe  Synnöve Staff   Johanna Mäenpää 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-66387 | ArrayExpress | 2015-02-28

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE66387PRJNA276703

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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