Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

297

Hepatitis B virus-mediated alterations to the primary hepatocyte transcriptome [Full Set]


ABSTRACT: Purpose: Chronic infection with hepatitis B virus is the leading global risk factor for the development of liver cancer. A large body of research has shown the many effects an HBV infection has on cellular physiology, particularly on pathways that may be involved in the development of HBV-associated diseases. Unfortunately, a significant portion of this research has been done in systems that may not mimic what is seen in a primary hepatocyte, and is not done on a transcriptome-wide scale. Because of this, we performed an RNA-seq analysis of primary rat hepatocytes either expressing HBV or not over a series of time points to determine the global changes HBV has on primary hepatocyte physiology. Methods: To do this RNA-seq analysis, triplicate samples of total RNA were collected from cultured primary rat hepatocytes (PRH) over the course of 72hr. PRH were collected immediately after isolation (0hr), or 24hr, 48hr, or 72hr after plating. In addition, PRH were infected 24hr after plating with adenovirus expressing GFP alone (AdGFP) or GFP along with a greater than unit length copy of the HBV genome (AdHBV) and collected at 48hr after plating (24hr after infection) or 72hr after plating (48hr after infection). cDNA libraries were sequenced using the Illumina NextSeq 500 platform to generate either 1x75bp reads. Reads were mapped using the STAR aligner, and output BAMs were further analyzed in R using the GenomicAlignments package, to quantify number of reads per transcript, and DESeq2, to determine differential expression. Reads per kilobase transcript per million total reads (RPKM) was calculated by dividing reads per transcript by the transcript length and then normalizing to the total number of reads in the sample. Results: Following this pipeline, we were able to identify a number of HBV-mediated differentially expressed transcripts at 48hr and 72hr. In addition, we noted considerable change to the hepatocyte transcriptome as a direct result of the isolation/plating procedure, regardless of the presence of HBV. Further pathway analysis of these differentially expressed transcripts identified many important cellular pathways, including those involved with cell cycle regulation and metabolism, as being differentially regulated by HBV in primary hepatocytes. mRNA profiles of cultured primary rat hepatocytes were generated, in triplicate, using the Illumina NextSeq 500 platform from freshly isolated cells (0hr), 24hr, 48hr, or 72hr after plating, and with or without expression of HBV 48hr or 72hr after plating.

ORGANISM(S): Rattus norvegicus  

SUBMITTER: Jason Lamontagne   Michael Bouchard  Michael J Bouchard 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-68112 | ArrayExpress | 2016-01-20

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): SRP057517GSE68112PRJNA282086

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress, ENA

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