The physiological functions of vitamin D are mediated by its metabolite 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3) activating the transcription factor vitamin D receptor (VDR). In THP-1 human monocytes we demonstrated epigenome-wide effects of 1,25(OH)2D3 at 8979 loci with significantly modulated chromatin accessibility. Maximal chromatin opening was observed after 24 h, while after 48 h most sites closed again. The chromatin-organizing protein CTCF bound to 14% of the 1,25(OH)2D3-sensitive chromat ...[more]
Project description:We report the effects of 1,25(OH)2D3 treatment on the microRNA expression in human muscle cells Primary cultures of human muscle cells were treated with 1,25(OH)2D3 or vehicle for 48 hours.
Project description:We report the effects of 1,25(OH)2D3 treatment on the mRNA expression in human muscle cells Primary cultures of human muscle cells were treated with 1,25(OH)2D3 or vehicle for 48 hours.
Project description:This study examines patterns of genome-wide transcriptional response to the active form of vitamin D, 1,25-dihyroxyvitamin D3 (1,25D), and the bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in primary human monocytes, to better understand pathways underlying the immunomodulatory role of 1,25D. Total RNA extraced from monocytes from 20 healthy individuals of African-African and European-American ancestry treated with 1,25D alone or in the presence of LPS for 24 hours.
Project description:This study characterizes the genetic basis of variation in the immunomodulatory effects of the active form of vitamin D, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25D). This was done by mapping quantitative traits of 1,25D response both at the cellular and transcriptional level in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). Total RNA extraced from peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 85 healthy individuals of African-African ancestry treated with 1,25D or the vehicle control, ethanol, for 6 hours.
Project description:Human testicular cells were isolated mechanically and enzymatically from testis of braindead donors and from urological samples. The expression of genes was studied at baseline and 1,25(OH)2D treated conditions. We used microarrays to analyze the gene expression underlying vitamin D metabolism in human testis cells and identified distinct classes of up-regulated genes during this process. Testicular primary cells were treated with 100nM 1,25(OH)2D for 24h and gene expression studied by microarray on transcript level.
Project description:Open chromatin regions have been shown to associate with the location of transcriptiotal enhancers, i.e., the binding locations of DNA-binding transcription factors. To investigate the effects of short-term treatment by the nuclear hormone 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (VD), a specific ligand of the transcription factor vitamin D receptor, on chromatin accessibility, FAIRE-seq was utilized on the chromatin samples from THP-1 monocytic leukemia cells that were treated with 100 nM 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 for 20, 40, 60, 80, 100 and 120 min, or with vehicle (0.1% (v/v) ethanol) for 20 and 100 min. THP-1 monocytic leukemia cells were treated with 100 nM 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 for 20, 40, 60, 80, 100 and 120 min or with vehicle (0.1% (v/v) ethanol) for 20 and 100 min. Chromatin sample from one biological replicate for each time point was subjected to the FAIRE-seq protocol and subsequent data analysis using an Input chromatin sample as control.
Project description:Sensitivity to Interferon (IFN) is determined by a complex coordination of genetic and environmental factors. A previous experiment using two renal cancer cell lines differing markedly in their response to IFN were analyzed for their ISG profiles in order to determine gene expression changes associated with IFN sensitivity (Holko M, Williams BR. Functional annotation of IFN-alpha-stimulated gene expression profiles from sensitive and resistant renal cell carcinoma cell lines. J Interferon Cytokine Res 2006 Aug;26(8):534-47). Higher and more persistent expression of a subset of ISGs was noted in the IFN-sensitive RCC1 cells when compared with the relatively IFN-insensitive ACHN cells. A subset of Interferon stimulated genes (ISGs) whose sustained expression correlates with heightened IFN sensitivity were analyzed for functional and sequence similarities. This subset predominately contains genes involved in transcription, and most were found to contain in their promoters binding sites for promyleocytic zinc finger factor (PLZF), a transcriptional repressor identified by virtue of its role in the etiology of Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia (APL). Analysis of gene expression in a lymphoid cell line with inducible PLZF expression reveals that increased expression of immune system related genes including ISGs, depends on PLZF expression. Chromatin Immunoprecipitation assays show direct association between PLZF and in silico identified PLZF binding sites in ISG promoters. This study reveals a novel interaction between PLZF and IFN signaling. A time course of IFNa treatment (0, 6, 16, 24 hrs) was performed in tetetracycline induced PLZF overexpressing and control U937T:PLZF45 cells. For the 0 hr time point, PLZF overexpression (Cy5) was compared with control cells (Cy3). For the 6, 16, and 24 hr IFN treated time points, treated RNA was labelled with Cy5 and non-IFN treated RNA with Cy3. Each IFN treatment time point was performed on control and PLZF-overexpressing cells respectively.