Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

6

Genome-wide DNA methylation levels and altered cortisol stress reactivity following childhood trauma in humans


ABSTRACT: DNA methylation likely plays a role in the regulation of human stress reactivity. In a genome-wide analysis of blood DNA methylation in 85 healthy individuals a locus in the Kit ligand (KITLG) gene (cg27512205) had the strongest association with cortisol stress reactivity (p=5.8x10-6). Replication was obtained in two independent samples, one using blood (N=45, p=0.001) and the other using buccal cells (N=255,p=0.004). KITLG methylation strongly mediated the relationship between childhood trauma and cortisol stress reactivity (32% mediation). Its genomic location (CpG island shore within an H3K27ac enhancer mark) provide further evidence that KITLG methylation is functionally relevant for the programming of stress reactivity. Our results extend preclinical evidence for epigenetic regulation of stress reactivity to humans and provide leads to enhance our understanding of the neurobiological pathways underlying stress vulnerability. Bisulphite converted DNA from whole blood of 85 healthy controls exposed to psychosocial stress task (TSST-G) was hybridised to the Illumina Infinium 450k Human Methylation Beadchip The DOI for this paper will be 10.1038/NCOMMS10967.

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Christiaan H Vinkers   Marco P Boks  Marco Boks 

PROVIDER: E-GEOD-77445 | ArrayExpress | 2016-03-16

SECONDARY ACCESSION(S): GSE77445PRJNA310345

REPOSITORIES: GEO, ArrayExpress

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DNA methylation likely plays a role in the regulation of human stress reactivity. Here we show that in a genome-wide analysis of blood DNA methylation in 85 healthy individuals, a locus in the Kit ligand gene (KITLG; cg27512205) showed the strongest association with cortisol stress reactivity (P=5.8 × 10(-6)). Replication was obtained in two independent samples using either blood (N=45, P=0.001) or buccal cells (N=255, P=0.004). KITLG methylation strongly mediates the relationship between childh  ...[more]

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