BACKGROUND: The health benefits of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), particularly those of the n-3 series are well documented. The mechanisms by which these effects are mediated are not fully clarified. METHODS: We used microarrays to assess the effects on gene expression in HT29 colon adenocarcinoma cells of exposure to the n-3 fatty acid eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). HT29 cells were cultured with EPA (150 muM) for up to 24 hr prior to harvesting and isolation of RNA. Microarray results were ...[more]
Project description:Baseline gene expression in circulating peripheral blood mononuclear cells isolated from 18 apparently healthy volunteers (10 females and 8 males). The volunteers fasted overnight for 10 hours prior to collection of blood samples (but they were allowed water). 5 blood samples were collected from each volunteer at consecutive 8-day intervals. Volunteers were included in this study provided they met the following selection criteria, that they should be <br>Aged between 20 and 45 years of age; <br>A non-smoker (or an ex-smoker);<br>Not pregnant or been pregnant in the last 12 months <br>Not diagnosed with any long-term medical condition; <br>Or have not (in the previous 4 months) donated blood, received any inoculations and are not taking regular prescribed medicine (including HRT and oral contraception) <br>Prior to inclusion in this study volunteers were screened for general health and had a blood sample taken for routine screening of Hb content etc. Only those volunteers who were in good general health were allowed to participate in the study. <br>The age of all volunteers has been reported here as being 20-45 years in order to preserve the anonymity of the data, and so that the individuals involved may not be able to track down their own specific data. Please contact us if the details of volunteers' ages are required.
Project description:(paper abstract) Wood is a renewable resource that serves as a sustainable raw material for energy, fuels and materials. A basic understanding of the cambial meristem and the origin of wood cells is critical for forest tree molecular breeding to increase the availability of woody raw materials. Gene expression per cell type in the cambium of poplar (Populus trichocarpa x P. deltoïdes cultivar Boelare) was investigated using poplar microarray. Cells were hand microdissected from lyophilized sections of vascular cambial zone sampled in growing poplar. Two cell types were isolated, fusiform cambial cells (FCCs) and ray cambial cells (RCCs). Results showed about one thousand genes differentially expressed per cell type. Microarray expression results were validated by a second cell sampling used for reverse northern dot blot and RT-PCR analysis. RCCs revealed specific photosynthetic competences involving at least 35 genes of the photosystems. RCCs revealed also a marked difference for intercellular transport involving notably aquaporin genes. Distinct classes of cell-wall related genes were detected in RCCs and FCCs. A candidate xyloglucan endotransglycosylase showed to be upregulated and highly expressed in FCCs and an extensin family gene was also very highly expressed in these cells. A candidate polygalacturonase was strikingly expressed specifically in RCCs. A marked expression of cytoskeleton genes was also reported for FCCs where profilin family genes were very highly expressed. Related to cell signaling and regulation, one of the most intriguing result was the observation of LAX1 gene specificity in FCCs whereas PIN genes were expressed in both cell types.
Project description:All yeast strains used in this study (Table 1) are in the W303 background (ade2-1 can1-100, his3-1,15 leu2-3,112 trp1-1 ura3). For sulfur limitation microarray studies, WT, met4 delete, met31 delete met32 delete, cbf1 delete, and met28 delete strains were grown in minimal B-media [see Cherest, H., and Surdin-Kerjan, Y. (1992). Genetic analysis of a new mutation conferring cysteine auxotrophy in Saccharomyces cerevisiae: updating of the sulfur metabolism pathway. Genetics 130, p51-58 for B-media composition] supplemented with 0.5mM methionine as the sole sulfur source. An aliquot of cells was harvested for a t=0 time point while the remainder were filtered through a .22um Stericup filter (Millipore), then washed and resuspended in pre-warmed (30 C) B-media lacking any source of sulfur. Cells were harvested after 20, 40, and 80 minutes.
Project description:The met31 single delete and the met32 single delete strains were analyzed for genome-wide transcription at different times following Met4 hyeractivation and compared to cells that contain both Met31 and Met32.
Project description:Study of genes expressed early during differentiation of L.donovani promastigotes into amastiogotes. In this experiment, gene expression changes were studied between and promastigotes and an intermediate stage of differentiation PA24(promastigotes after shifting to amastigote culture conditions for 24 hrs. PA24 RNA sample was labeled with Cy5 and pro sample was treated with Cy3.
Project description:Study of gene expression differences between wild type and genetically modified Leishmania donovani protozoan parasites. A centrin-gene-deleted cell line after 40 hours in culture conditions that induce failure of cell division is compared to wild type cells under the same culture conditions.