Dataset Information


IDS transgen arraYS

ABSTRACT: Adult female Wistar rats (about 220g) obtained from a breeding colony were mated and fed either a protein sufficient (PS) or protein restricted (PR) diet (n = 6 per dietary group) during F0 pregnancy which provided an increase in energy of approximately 25% compared to the diet fed to the breeding colony (2018S). During lactation dams were fed AIN93G and litters were standardisied to 8 offspring within 24 hours of birth with a bias towards females. Offpsring were weaned onto AIN93M at postnatal day 28 and F1 and F2 females were mated on postnatal day 70 (n = 6 per F0 dietary group). F1 and F2 dams were fed the PS diet during pregnancy and AIN93G during lactation. Offspring were weaned onto AIN93M. On postnatal day 70 unmated female offspring were fasted for 12 hours then sacrificed for hepatic transcritpome analysis by microarray. Expression of 1,684 genes differed by at least 2 fold between adult female F1 offspring of F0 dams from both dietary groups. 1680 genes were altered in F2 offspring and 2,065 genes altered in F3 offspring. Expression of 113 genes was altered in all three generations. Of these, 47% showed directionally opposite differences between generations. Gene ontology analysis revealed clear differences in the pathways altered in each generation. F1 and F2 offspring of F0 dams fed a PR diet showed impaired fasting glucose homeostasis. Hepatic phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) expression was elevated in F1 and F2 offspring from F0 PR dams, but decreased in F3, compared to PS offspring

ORGANISM(S): Rattus norvegicus  

SUBMITTER: Karen A Lillycrop  

PROVIDER: E-MEXP-3205 | ArrayExpress | 2011-06-01


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Dietary protein restriction during F0 pregnancy in rats induces transgenerational changes in the hepatic transcriptome in female offspring.

Hoile Samuel P SP   Lillycrop Karen A KA   Thomas Nicola A NA   Hanson Mark A MA   Burdge Graham C GC  

PloS one 20110707 7

There is considerable evidence for non-genomic transmission between generations of phenotypes induced by environmental exposures during development, although the mechanism is poorly understood. We investigated whether alterations in expression of the liver transcriptome induced in F1 offspring by feeding F0 dams a protein-restricted (PR) diet during pregnancy were passed with or without further change to two subsequent generations. The number of genes that differed between adult female offspring  ...[more]

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