RNA-seq of coding RNA from human IMR-32 cells treated with azakenpaullone, BIO or LiCl to investigate GSK-inhibitor treatment
ABSTRACT: Cells were cultured in RPMI 1640 (Gibco), supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) (Gibco), 2mM L-glutamine (Gibco) and 1% Penicillin-Streptomycin solution (Gibco). IMR32 cells were treated as follows; untreated control, 24h 1uM azakenpaullone, 24h 1uM BIO or 24h 28mM LiCl with biological duplicates.
Despite intensive study, many mysteries remain about the MYCN oncogene's functions. Here we focus on MYCN's role in neuroblastoma, the most common extracranial childhood cancer. MYCN gene amplification occurs in 20% of cases, but other recurrent somatic mutations are rare. This scarcity of tractable targets has hampered efforts to develop new therapeutic options. We employed a multi-level omics approach to examine MYCN functioning and identify novel therapeutic targets for this largely un-drugga ...[more]
Project description:The effect of the GSK3 inhibitor Azakenpaullone (Azak) and the differentiation agent retinoic acid (RA) was studied in low and high MYCN levels in the MYCN inducible neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y/6TR(EU)/pTrex-Dest-30/MYCN (SY5Y-MYCN). Azak was dissolved in DMSO in order to apply it to the cells. Therefore a vehicle control consisting of SY5Y-MYCN cells treated with 24h 1 ul/ml DMSO only was used in duplicates. Doxycycline (Sigma) dissolved in water was used at a final concentration of 1ug/ml to induce MYCN expression in SY5Y-MYCN. A co-treatment study with Dox and Azak was conducted. SY5Y-MYCN cells were treated with 24h Azak, 24h Azak & 48h Dox and 48h Dox, with biological duplicates. 1 uM RA (dissolved in DMSO) and 1 ug/mL Doxycycline were given individually and in combination. SY5Y-MYCN cells were treated with 24h RA, 24h RA & 48h Dox, and 48h Dox and RNA was extracted in biological duplicates. For the 24h RA & 48h Dox co-treatment cells were treated with Dox for 24h and then with RA and fresh Dox for a further 24h.
Project description:RNA-seq was performed for transcriptional analysis of MCF10A cells, an epithelial mammary cell line. MCF10A cells were cultured in 3D acinus forming conditions (in Matrigel). Timepoints analysed were 24h, 34h, 36h, 38h and 48h into acinus formation. Control cells were monoloayer.
Project description:MYCN overexpression in the doxycline MYCN inducible cell line SH-SY5Y/6TR(EU)/pTrex-Dest-30/MYCN (SY5Y-MYCN) using the dynamic transcriptome analysis (DTA) protocol. Samples at different time-points after MYCN over-expression and uninduced controls (0h) were sequenced in duplicates. The experimental setup consists of [A] total mRNA at 0h, 1h, 4h, 24h, which corresponds to the standard mRNA-seq protocol, [B] 4-thioUridine (4sU) labelled mRNA 30 min before extraction at time-points 0h, 1h, 4h, which is the freshly transcribed mRNA within the last 30 min before the time-point and [C] the counter-part, 4sU unlabelled mRNA 30 min before extraction which corresponds to the mRNA from before 30 min of extraction. The samples were sequenced on an Illumina GA IIx using the Illumina protocols.
Project description:Expression profiles of GRdim mutant macrophages (mouse, bone-marrow derived) treated with LPS for 6 hrs or with LPS (6hrs) + Dex (O/N 1uM). Identification of GR-regulated genes in response to LPS. 3 Grdim mutant macrophages samples treated with LPS (6hrs) and 3 Grdim mutant macrophage samples treated with LPS (6hrs) and Dex (overnight).
Project description:Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common form of adult-onset dementia with severe intellectual deterioration and is characterised by the accumulation of the amyloid-β (Aβ) peptides and the presence of hyperphosphorylated microtubule- associated protein, tau. (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) – a polyphenolic catechin found in green tea leaves, not only acts as a proteasome inhibitor, it is also involved in neuroprotection. A total of 7 RNA samples were analyzed. Cultured murine primary cortical neurons were treated with 1uM EGCG for 24h (n=3) in addition to the vehicle control (n=4).
Project description:Analysis of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-stimulated fibroblasts. Results provide insight into novel pro-tumorigenic factors induced by PDGF-activation of fibroblasts. 1.2 x 10e6 BJ-hTERT fibroblasts were cultured in 10cm dish with Dulbecco's Modified Eagle Medium (DMEM; Gibco Life Technologies, Gergy-Pontoise, France) containing 1% heat-inactivated fetal calf serum (FCS), 2 mM L-glutamine, penicillin (100 units/ml) and streptomycin (100 ng/ml) at 37ºC in a 5% CO2 humidified atmosphere during 24h. Cultures were stimulated with or without 20ng/mL PDGF-BB (Peprotech, New Jersey, USA) for another 24h prior to harvest. Unstimulated fibroblasts were used as control samples. Cultures of both unstimulated and stimulated fibroblasts were done in triplicate.
Project description:Prognostication of Breast Cancer (BC) relies largely on traditional markers such as hormone or growth factors but due to their suboptimal specificities, it is challenging to identify the subset of patients who are likely to undergo recurrence and markers of higher specificity are sought to guide therapies. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs which function as post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression and have shown promise as potential prognostic markers in several cancer types including BC. In our study, we sequenced 104 breast tumor tissue samples and 11 apparently healthy normal breast tissues for miRNAs. Two widely used approaches were adopted to identify prognostic markers – Case-control and Case-only. For both the approaches, Cox-proportional hazards regression model and risk score analysis was performed to identify miRNA signature independent of potential confounders. Representative miRNAs were validated using qRT-PCR. Gene ontology terms were identified for miRNAs significant in survival analysis. A total of 1,423 miRNAs were captured from the tissues, of which 126 were retained with predetermined criteria for good read counts. In the case-control approach, 80 miRNAs were differentially expressed, from which four and two miRNAs were significant for OS and RFS respectively. In the case-only approach, from 147 miRNAs, 11 and four miRNAs were significant for OS and RFS respectively, in which miR-574-3p and miR-660-5p were novel and were not previously found to be associated with BC prognosis. Multivariate Cox analysis indicated that the risk scores calculated in both the approaches were potential independent prognostic factors for BC. Targets for the identified miRNAs were enriched for cell proliferation, invasion and migration. Identification of miRNAs as prognostic markers for breast cancer
Project description:The goal of this study was to analyze differential gene expression 8 hr after treatment of CB-5083, a small molecule inhibitor of p97 (VCP), in HCT116 cells grown in culture. DMSO treated cells were compared to cells treated with 1uM CB-5083 after 8 hr.