Human skeletal muscle gene expression meta analysis
ABSTRACT: This experiment contains manually annotated, systematically quality controlled and consistently nomalized human skeletal muscle gene expression data matrices of two platforms, total 1655 arrays: 1102 arrays from HG-U133plus2 and 553 arrays from HG-U133A . The dataset is a subset of a larger collection of 2852 arrays of 80 stuides from 20 platforms.
Project description:Ewing sarcoma a rare pediatric tumor characterized by EWSR1-ETS fusions. We performed expression profiling of both miRNA and mRNA from the same Ewing's sarcoma tumors. We propose a novel statistical measure of non-linear dependence between miRNA and mRNA expression, In order to infer miRNA-target interactions. This approach, That we name antagonism pattern detection, Is based on the statistical recognition of a triangular-shaped pattern in miRNA-target expression profiles. This pattern is observed in miRNA-target expression measurements since their simultaneously elevated expression is statistically under-represented in the case of miRNA silencing effect. The proposed method enables miRNA target prediction to strongly rely on cellular context and physiological conditions reflected by expression data. Expression profiling of Ewing sarcoma samples in the frame of the CIT program from the french Ligue Nationale Contre le Cancer (http://cit.ligue-cancer.net). Total RNAs issued of 39 Ewing tumors were used for mRNA and miRNA microarray analyses. The mRNA data were collected using the Affymetrix GeneChip HG-U133A and Affymetrix GeneChip HG-U133Plus2.
Project description:Gene expression analysis from erythroid progenitors (CD34+/CD71(high)/CD45- mononuclear cells from the bone marrow) of patients with Diamond-Blackfan anemia (due to RPS19 mutations) and control individuals. Case-control microarray gene expression analysis
Project description:Background: Whereas cilia damage and reduced cilia beat frequency have been implicated as causative of reduced mucociliary clearance in smokers, theoretically mucociliary clearance could also be affected by cilia length. Based on models of mucociliary clearance predicting cilia length must exceed the 6 -7 μm airway surface fluid depth to generate force in the mucus layer, we hypothesized cilia height may be decreased in airway epithelium of normal smokers compared to nonsmokers. Methodology/Principal Findings: Cilia length in normal nonsmokers and smokers was evaluated in aldehyde-fixed, paraffin-embedded endobronchial biopsies, and air-dried and hydrated samples brushed from human airway epithelium via fiberoptic bronchoscopy. In 28 endobronchial biopsies, healthy smoker cilia length was reduced 15% compared to nonsmokers (p<0.05). In 47 air-dried samples of airway epithelial cells, smoker cilia length was reduced 13% compared to nonsmokers (p<0.0001). Analysis of the length of individual, detached cilia in 17 samples, smoker cilia length was reduced 9% compared to nonsmokers (p<0.05). Finally, in 16 fully hydrated, unfixed samples, smoker cilia length was reduced 7% compared to nonsmokers (p<0.05). Conclusions/significance: Models predict that a reduction in cilia length would reduce mucociliary clearance, suggesting that smoking-associated shorter airway epithelial cilia plays a significant role in the pathogenesis of smoking-induced lung disease.
Project description:Early bovine cleavage (day 0 to 3) was treated with high glucose (5mM) or control glucose (0.2mM) then total day 3 embryos were cultured in control condition until day 5 when gene expression was assessed in developping morula by microarray 4 replicates of 10 morulae/rep was produced for high glucose and control treatment. According to a dye swap design, 4 arrays were used, one array for each comparison between HG and control, i.e replicate 1 from HG were compared to replicate 1 from CTL, rep 2 from HG were compared to rep 2 from CTL, rep 3 HG vs rep 3 CTL, rep 4 HG vs rep 4 CTL.
Project description:2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) has a large number of biological effects, including skin, cardiovascular, neurologic disease, diabetes, infertility and cancer. We analysed the in vitro TCDD effects on human CD34+ cells and tested the gene expression modulation by means of microarray analyses before and after TCDD exposure. We identified 253 differentially modulated probe sets, identifying 217 well-characterized genes. A large part of these were associated with cell adhesion and/or angiogenesis and with transcription regulation. Synaptic transmission and visual perception functions, with the particular involvement of the GABAergic pathway, were also significantly modulated. Numerous transcripts involved in cell cycle or cell proliferation, immune response, signal transduction, ion channel activity or calcium ion binding, tissue development and differentiation, female or male fertility or in several metabolic pathways were also affected after dioxin exposure. The transcriptional profile induced by TCDD treatment on human CD34+ cells strikingly reproduces the clinical and biological effects observed in individuals exposed to dioxin and in biological experimental systems. This series of microarray experiments contains the gene expression profiles of highly purified human CD34+ cells separated from the leukapheresis of normal donors stimulated with G-CSF and analyzed before and after in vitro TCDD (20 nM, 12h) exposure. 3 micrograms of total RNA were processed and 15 micrograms of fragmented biotin-labelled cRNA were hybridized to the Affymetrix HG-U133A chip following the manufacturer's instructions.
Project description:This SuperSeries is composed of the following subset Series: GSE35424: methylation analysis was carried out on 12 SMZL, 6 MCL and 6 FL cases by the Cambridge group using Illumina Infinium Human Methylation 27 Array GSE35425: Oligo aCGH on 21 SMZL cases were carried out by the Cambridge group using the Agilent Custom 2Kb resolution Oligo aCGH GSE35426: Gene expression profiling was carried out on 14 SMZL, 5 FL and 5 MCL cases using the Affymetrix HG-U133plus2 gene expression microarrays by the Cambridge group Splenic marginal zone lymphoma (SMZL) is an indolent B-cell lymphoproliferative disorder characterised by 7q32 deletion, but the target genes of this deletion remain unknown. In order to elucidate the genetic target of this deletion, we performed an integrative analysis of the genetic, epigenetic, transcriptomic and miRNomic data. High resolution array comparative genomic hybridization of 56 cases of SMZL delineated a minimally deleted region (2.8Mb) at 7q32, but showed no evidence of any cryptic homozygous deletion or recurrent breakpoint in this region. Integrative transcriptomic analysis confirmed significant under-expression of a number of genes in this region in cases of SMZL with deletion, several of which showed hypermethylation. In addition, a cluster of 8 miRNA in this region showed under-expression in cases with the deletion, and three (miR-182/96/183) were also significantly under-expressed (P <0.05) in SMZL relative to other lymphomas. Genomic sequencing of these miRNA and IRF5, a strong candidate gene, did not show any evidence of somatic mutation in SMZL. For aCGH, 21 cases were done under accession number GSE35425. 21 fresh frozen splenic samples from patients with SMZL were hybridized against a reference control of pooled PBMC genomic DNA from 10 normal subjects. High-resolution oligonucleotide analysis of copy number variations in splenic marginal zone lymphoma (SMZL) in regions of recurrent alteration. Regions included on the array: 7q (2k resolution) and regions of interest on chromosomes 3q, 6q and 9q at 12k resolution. For gene expression microarrays, 24 cases were done under accession number GSE35426. A total of 48 cases of SMZL (including 15 with 7q deletion) were analysed using the Affymetrix HG-U133 Plus 2.0 platform (Affymetrix, Santa Clara, California, USA). Arrays were performed according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Briefly, RNA was extracted from snap frozen tissues with >70% tumour cells using the RNEasy extraction kit (Qiagen) and subjected to DNAse treatment (Turbo DNAse kit, Ambion). RNA integrity was assessed using an Agilent 2100 Bioanalyzer. cDNA synthesis was carried out with 2ug RNA using the GeneChip® One-Cycle cDNA Synthesis Kit (Affymetrix), followed by in vitro transcription with biotin-labelled nucleotides using GeneChip® IVT Labeling Kit. Biotinylated cRNA was purified and hybridized to the Affymetrix HG-U133 Plus 2.0 chips in a GeneChip® Hybridisation Oven 640 at 45oC for 14 hours. The arrays were then washed and stained using the Fluidics station 450 system (Affymetrix). The arrays were scanned using the Affymetrix GeneArray® Scanner 3000. Hybridisation and labelling controls were included according to the manufacturer’s instructions, and quality control analysis of microarrays was performed to published standards. For methylation arrays, 24 cases were done under accession number GSE35424. Epigenetic methylation analysis was performed using the Infinium Human Methylation 27 array (Illumina, San Diego, California, USA). The array contained 27,568 CpG islands within the proximal promoter regions of transcription start sites of 14,475 RefSeq genes, including 12,883 well annotated genes (NCBI CCDS database: Build 36). The methylation array was carried out in 12 SMZL (6 cases with 7q deletion), 6 follicular lymphomas (FL) and 6 mantle cell lymphomas (MCL) as per the manufacturer’s instructions. Briefly, 2μg genomic DNA extracted from frozen tissues with >70% tumour cells was bisulphite modified using the EZ DNA Methylation Kit (Zymo Research Corporation). Bisulphite modified DNA was then amplified using the MSM master mix (Illumina) and incubated at 37oC for 22 hours. Amplified DNA was then fragmented and hybridised to BeadChips in an Illumina Hybridisation Oven at 48oC for 18 hours. Following hybridisation, single base extension of hybridised DNA using hapten labelled bases was performed. Staining was then developed using immunochemical stains catalysed by the haptens, and the arrays washed. The chips were scanned using the BeadArray™ Reader (Illumina) and the BeadScan™ software (Illumina) using the Infinium Methylation Scan setting. The scanned data was then analysed in GenomeStudio™ (Illumina) using the Methylation analysis module. **Samples from Series GSE35278 and GSE35348 was also used in this study: GSE35278: Oligo aCGH on 35 SMZL cases were carried out by the Mayo clinic group using the Agilent Oligo aCGH 244A platform (6.4Kb resolution) GSE35348: Gene expression profiling was carried out by the Mayo clinic group on 24 SMZL cases using the Affymetrix HG-U133 plus2 gene expression microarrays
Project description:Analysis of gene expression data to evaluate candidate targets for immunotherapy. Analysis of gene expression data to evaluate candidate targets for immunotherapy, We analyse 7 lung cancer samples and 3 reference samples (2x kidney, 1x lung).
Project description:The full complement of molecular pathways contributing to Parkinson’s disease (PD) pathogenesis remains unknown. Here, to address this issue, we began by using a high-resolution variant of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to pinpoint brainstem regions differentially affected by, and resistant to, the disease. Then, relying on the imaging information as a guide, we profiled gene expression levels of postmortem brain samples and used a factorial statistical model to identify a disease related decrease in the expression of the polyamine enzyme spermidine/spermine N1-acetyltransferase 1 (SAT1). Next, a series of studies were performed to confirm the pathogenic relevance of this finding. First, to test for a causal link between polyamines and α-synuclein toxicity, we investigated a yeast model expressing α-synuclein. Polyamines were found to enhance the toxicity of α-synuclein, and an unbiased genome-wide screen for modifiers of α-synuclein toxicity identified Tpo4, a member of a family of proteins responsible for polyamine transport. Second, to test for a causal link between SAT1 activity and PD histopathology we investigated a mouse model expressing α-synuclein. DENSPM (N1, N11-diethylnorspermine), a polyamine analog that increases SAT1 activity, was found to reduce PD histopathology, while Berenil (diminazene aceturate), a pharmacological agent that reduces SAT1 activity, worsened the histopathology. Third, we genotyped PD patients and controls and isolated a rare but novel variant in the SAT1 gene, although the functional significance of this genetic variant was not identified. Taken together, the results suggest that the polyamine pathway contributes to PD pathogenesis. Imaging-guided microarray In principle, gene expression profiling techniques like microarray are well suited to identify molecular pathways contributing to the pathogenesis of complex diseases. In practice, however, microarray applied to diseases of the brain present a number of analytic challenges. By identifying regions within the same brain structure that are differentially targeted by and resistant to a disease, imaging-guided microarray is an approach designed to address these limitations. Specifically, guided by the spatial information generated from high resolution functional imaging, a 2x2 factorial analysis-of-variance can be designed, including both within and between group factors, and this “double subtraction” model is effective in improving signal-to-noise in a microarray experiment. Relying on imaging findings, we harvested the DMNV from 6 postmortem brains with evidence of PD and from 5 control brains. The postmortem PD cases were evaluated for pathological changes (Lewy body-containing neurons and Lewy neurites evidenced with antibodies directed against α-synuclein aggregates) that matched the pattern proposed by Braak. We relied on the imaging results to identify a neighboring medullary region relatively unaffected by the disease to be used as a within-brain control. We decided on the inferior olivary nucleus (ION), because it is histologically identifiable, and harvested the ION from each of the 6 PD cases and 5 controls. Microarray techniques were used to generate gene expression profiles for each of the 22 tissue samples. A repeated-measures 2x2 factorial ANOVA model constructed for the imaging study was applied to the expression dataset, in which expression levels from two regions of the medulla (DMNV vs. ION) were included as the first within group factor, diagnosis (PD vs. controls) was the between group factor, and age and sex were included as covariates. Based on current literature, one of the top hits (SAT1) was investigated further to determine if it played a role in PD pathogenesis.
Project description:To explore the molecular functions targeted by these miRNAs, we classified genes differentially expressed in clinical HCC samples into six functional clusters based on their functional similarity. 3-paired HCC tissue samples and adjacent normal liver tissues were obtained from patients undergoing surgery and were frozen immediately after surgical resection.
Project description:Distinct genetic abnormalities such as TP53 deletion at 17p13.1, have been identified as having an adverse prognostic relevance in B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL). Conventional cytogenetic studies have shown that TP53 deletion in B-CLL is associated predominantly with 17p loss resulting from complex chromosomal rearrangements. We performed genome-wide DNA (SNPs arrays), fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and gene expression profiling (GEP) analyses to investigate the significance of 17p loss in a panel of 71 genetically well-characterized B-CLLs in Binet stage A, 18 of which carried a TP53 monoallelic deletion. Combined SNP arrays and FISH approaches showed 17p loss in all of the TP53-deleted cases, with breakpoints scattered along the 17p11.2 region. Mutations in exons 5 to 9 of TP53 were found in 9/12 deleted samples. GEP of 60 B-CLLs, including 7 patients with 17p loss, identified 40 differentially expressed genes in 17p- versus 17p normal samples, 35 of which were down-regulated in 17p- tumors. The majority (30/35) of these transcripts, including putative tumor suppressor genes, mapped to 17p. Overall, these data indicate that, beside TP53 deletion, the concomitant loss of 17p arm may contribute to the strong negative prognostic impact known to be associated with this lesion in B-CLL. Keywords: transcriptional analysis of B-CLL with 17p loss patients This series of microarray experiments contains the gene expression profiles of purified B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) cells obtained from 60 newly diagnosed patients (Binet stage A). Peripheral blood mononuclear cells from B-CLL patients were isolated by Ficoll-Hypaque density-gradient centrifugation and the proportion of CD5/CD19/CD23 triple positive B cells in the suspension was determined by direct immunofluorescence performed using a FACS-sort flow cytometer with antibodies to: CD19 FITC/PE, CD23 PE and CD5 Cy-Chrome. If B-CLL cells were less than 90%, T cells, NK cells and monocytes were removed by negative selection using CD3, CD56, CD16, and CD14 monoclonal antibody treatment followed by magnetic beads. 3 micrograms of total RNA was processed and, in accordance with the manufacturer's protocols, 15 micrograms of fragmented biotin-labelled cRNA were hybridized on GeneChip Human Genome U133A Arrays (Affymetrix Inc.). The arrays were scanned using the GeneChip Scanner 3000 7G. The images were acquired using Affymetrix GeneChip® Operating Software (GCOS version 1.4) and the probe level data converted to expression values using the Bioconductor function for the Robust Multi-Array average (RMA) procedure (Irizarry et al, 2003), in which perfect match intensities are background adjusted and quantile-quantile normalised.