Transcriptomes and differential gene expression at the Arabidopsis shoot meristem during flowering
ABSTRACT: We investigated the transcriptomes and differential gene expression at the Arabidopsis shoot meristem during flowering using INTACT reporter lines. Samples were collected in four biological replications.
Project description:We investigated the transcriptomes and differential gene expression at the Arabidopsis shoot phloem companion cells during flowering using INTACT reporter lines. Samples were collected in three biological replications.
Project description:We investigated the chromatin modifications H3K4me3 and H3K27me3 in the A. thaliana shoot apical meristem using INTACT reporter lines. Samples were collected in two biological replications.
Project description:We investigated the chromatin modifications H3K4me3 and H3K27me3 in the A. thaliana shoot phloem companion cells using INTACT reporter lines. Samples were collected in two biological replications.
Project description:We sequenced cDNA synthesized from mRNA from 3 time points of a time course of Arabidopsis thaliana shoot apical meristems. Plants were grown two weeks in short days (time point +0LD) and then exposed to long days for 1 day (time point +1LD) and 3 days (time point +3LD). Meristem cells were collected using laser capture microdissection, to generate a meristem-specific time course of gene expression in the early stages of floral induction. The experiment was done in three biological replicates (called A, B, and C). Some repetitions of sequencing on a few samples (technical replicates) were also done Examination of mRNA levels in shoot apical meristems at 3 time points from the stage of vegetative meristem to the stage of a transition meristem, before the formation of floral meristems.
Project description:In this experiment, we want to assess the effect of a lentiviral miR-10a and miR-335 overexpression on the transcriptome of murine LSK (Lin-,Sca-1+,c-Kit+) cells. Primary LSK cells were transduced with lentiviral miRNA overexpression constructs (control: GFP overexpression) and sorted for transduced cells (GFP+) after five days of in vitro culture (Flt-3, TPO, IL-3, SCF containing media).
Project description:Synchronized induction of flowering in Arabidopsis thaliana wild type (Col-0) and flowering time mutants (soc1, agl24, fd) by shifting from short day (8 hr light, 16 hr dark; 23C; 65% rel humidity) to long day (16 hr light, 8 hr dark; 23C; 65% rel humidity) for 0, 3, 5, and 7 days. Biotinylated probes were synthesized from RNA isolated from manually disseted shoot meristems and hybridized to Affymetrix ATH1 arrays.
Project description:T follicular helper cells (TFH) are critical for the development and maintenance of germinal centers (GC) and humoral immune responses. During chronic HIV/SIV infection TFH accumulate, possibly as a result of antigen persistence. The HIV/SIV-associated TFH expansion may also reflect lack of regulation by suppressive follicular regulatory CD4+ T-cells (TFR). TFR are natural regulatory T-cells (TREG) that migrate into the follicle and, similarly to TFH, up-regulate CXCR5, Bcl-6, and PD1. Here we identified TFR as CD4+CD25+FoxP3+CXCR5+PD1hiBcl-6+ within lymph nodes of rhesus macaques (RM) and confirmed their localization within the GC by immunohistochemistry. RNA sequencing showed that TFR exhibit a distinct transcriptional profile with shared features of both TFH and TREG, including intermediate expression of FoxP3, Bcl-6, PRDM1, IL-10, and IL-21. In healthy, SIV-uninfected RM, we observed a negative correlation between frequencies of TFR and both TFH and GC B-cells as well as levels of CD4+ T-cell proliferation. Following SIV infection, the TFR/TFH ratio was reduced with no change in the frequency of TREG or TFR within the total CD4+ T-cell pool. Finally, we examined whether higher levels of direct virus infection of TFR were responsible for their relative depletion post-SIV infection. We found that TFH, TFR and TREG sorted from SIV- infected RM harbor comparable levels of cell-associated viral DNA. Our data suggests that TFR may contribute to the regulation and proliferation of TFH and GC B-cells in vivo and that a decreased TFR/TFH ratio in chronic SIV infection may lead to unchecked expansion of both TFH and GC B-cells. TFR, TFH, TREG and bulk CD4 cells were sorted from spleens of 5 uninfected and 5 infected RM.
Project description:we used soybean genome chips to investigate the expression pattern of about 37,500 unique ESTs locating on soybean Affymetrix chips (Affymetrix Inc.). KEYWORDS: Tissue comparison we compared soybean root meristem samples with non-meristematic tissues in 10 days old vegetative stage seedlings to define a unique set of root meristem enriched genes.
Project description:All above ground organs of higher plants are ultimately derived from shoot apical meristems (SAMs). The SAM exhibits distinctive structural organization, and monocot SAMs such as maize are comprised of two cell layers, a single cell layered tunica (L1) and a corpus (L2). Although recent research has revealed roles of these cell layers in the SAM, intra- and inter-cell-layer signaling networks involved in organ development remain largely unknown except for a few differentially expressed genes. Here, we used Illumnia technology to conduct RNA-seq of L1 and L2 cell layers in maize B73 maize shoot apical meristem. Single sequencing library was constructed for L1 and L2 cell layer. Each library was sequenced using 2 lanes on a Solexa flow cell. Processed data file 'ZmB73_4a.53_filtered_genes.fasta' and its README file are linked below as supplementary files. The fasta file contains the gene model ID and corresponding sequence generated from maize genome project. This fasta file was used for the following samples: GSM418173, GSM418174, GSM420173, GSM420174, GSM422828, GSM422829.
Project description:Protein arginine methylation plays essential roles in diverse biological processes, but its role in regulating shoot regeneration remains elusive. In this study, we analyzed the function of the protein arginine methyltransferase AtPRMT5 during de novo shoot regeneration in Arabidopsis. AtPRMT5 encodes a type II PRMT that methylates proteins, including histones and RNA splicing factors. Mutation of AtPMRT5 decreased the frequency of shoot regeneration and number of shoots per callus in the atprmt5 mutant compared with those of the wild type. To understand the mechanism of AtPRMT5 regulation of shoot regeneration, we analyzed the transcript levels of wild type and the mutant atprmt5 calli during shoot regeneration by RNA-seq. Three biological repeats of wild type and the mutant atprmt5-1 calli were used for RNA sequencing. Total RNAs were isolated from the calli of wild type Col and the mutant atprmt5-1 cultured on cultured on shoot-induction medium. The RNA-seq llibraries were constructed with TruSeq Stranded mRNA Library Prep Kit and sequenced using the Illumina Hiseq 2500. The raw reads were aligned to the genome sequences of TAIR10 using Tophat software. The gene expression levels were measured in RPKM, and many critical genes regulated by AtPRMT5 were identified to be involved in shoot regeneration.