Project description:Uterine leiomyosarcoma (ULMS) is a poorly understood gynecologic cancer with few effective treatments. This study explores molecular events involved in ULMS with the goal of identifying strategies. Overall design: Genome-wide transcriptional profiling were used to compare clinically well-annotated specimens of myometrium, leiomyoma and leiomyosarcoma.
Project description:Uterine leiomyosarcoma (ULMS) is a poorly understood gynecologic cancer with few effective treatments. This study explores molecular events involved in ULMS with the goal of identifying strategies. Genome-wide transcriptional profiling were used to compare clinically well-annotated specimens of myometrium, leiomyoma and leiomyosarcoma.
Project description:Leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is a malignant neoplasm of smooth muscle and is an aggressive soft tissue tumor, have complex genetic abnormalities and could be defined as three molecular subtypes. Since that the molecular heterogeneity of LMS, the pathogenesis analysis per subtype will be highly necessary and helpful to understand the etiology of this more common sarcoma. Within this study, we collected four Myometrium, three Leiomyoma, three LMS cell lines and 99 LMSs (GSE45510), performed the system-wide gene expression profiling by 3'end RNA Sequencing, and found that there are significant different molecular pathways along the pathogenesis for those three molecular subtypes.
Project description:Background: Undifferentiated pleomorphic sarcoma (UPS), used to be called malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH), is a malignant soft tissue tumor of uncertain origin, and is characterized by morphology. UPS often share similar morphological characters with other sarcomas, especially Leiomyosarcoma. Leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is another malignant soft tissue sarcoma with complex genomic abnormalities, origin from smooth muscle. As a result, development of gene signature and/or biomarkers distinguishing UPS and LMS will definitely help the pathologist to precisely diagnose those patients. However, in the past, UPS was reported to be indistinguishable with LMS by genomic profiles. Methods and Results: In this study, 3’ end RNA Sequencing (3SEQ) was used to expression profile 6 UPS and 99 LMS cases. Overall, UPS was undistinguished with LMS by 3SEQ data, however, when we stratified LMS into three subtypes, UPS was shown to share similar expression pattern with Subtype II LMS, but had distinct molecular expression patterns with Subtype I and Subtype III LMS. Additional Immunohistochemistry staining by using LMS Subtype I and Subtype II markers validated that UPSs were positive for Subtype II marker ARL4C, but negative for Subtype I marker LMOD1. Furthermore, CD4 was shown to be significantly more highly expressed in UPS than LMS in both mRNA and protein levels. Conclusion: This study first reported that UPS shared similar gene expression pattern with subtype II LMS and UPS recapitulated the expression profiles of subtype II LMS. In this study, 3’ end RNA Sequencing (3SEQ) was used to expression profile 6 UPS and 99 LMS cases. In order to explore the molecular differences between UPS and LMS, We analyzed the expression data by SAMseq to identify the genes which were significantly differently expressed between UPS and LMS, between UPS and each LMS subtype.
Project description:Many common human mesenchymal tumors, including gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST), rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS), and leiomyosarcoma (LMS), feature myogenic differentiation. Here we report that intragenic deletion of the dystrophin-encoding and muscular dystrophy-associated DMD gene is a frequent mechanism by which myogenic tumors progress to high-grade, lethal sarcomas. Dystrophin is expressed in nonneoplastic and benign counterparts for GIST, RMS and LMS, and the DMD deletions inactivate larger dystrophin isoforms, including 427kDa dystrophin, while preserving expression of an essential 71kDa isoform. Dystrophin inhibits myogenic sarcoma cell migration, invasion, anchorage independence, and invadopodia formation, and dystrophin inactivation was found in 96%, 100%, and 62% of metastatic GIST, embryonal RMS, and LMS, respectively. These findings validate dystrophin as a tumor suppressor and likely anti-metastatic factor, suggesting that therapies in development for muscular dystrophies may also have relevance in treatment of cancer. High molecular weight genomic DNA was isolated from 40 high-grade myogenic cancers (including 7 normal tissue/tumor pairs and 33 additional tumors) using QIAamp DNA Mini Kit (QIAGEN) and analyzed by Affymetrix 250K SNP array.
Project description:B cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (B-NHL) consists of different pathological entities that are frequently characterized by distinct genetic alterations. However, the knowledge on these genetic lesions in B-NHL is still limited. In order to obtain a more comprehensive view of genetic lesions in B-NHL, we performed genome-wide analysis of copy number (CN) alterations as well as allelic imbalances using Affymetrix SNP arrays with B-NHL cases, including SNP array data were analyzed with CNAG/AsCNAR software, which enabled sensitive detection of CN alterations in allele-specific manner, and thus allelic imbalances, without depending on availability of paired normal controls. Most frequent numerical abnormalities in B-NHL were gains of chromosomes 3 and 18, although gains of chromosome 3 were less prominent in FL. Chromosomal deletions that lead to loss of heterozygosity (LOH) were commonly found in 1p, 6q and 10q. High-grade amplifications and homozygous deletions frequently provide a clue to identify relevant gene targets. In our series, 12 loci of high-grade amplifications and 14 loci of homozygous deletions were identified, and helped to specify the candidate genes. These regions included, FCGR2B amplified in 5 cases of DLBCL, RERE amplified in 2 cases of FL and CDKN2A/CDKN2B deleted in 9 cases of DLBCL. To identify oncogenic lesions in neuroblastoma, we performed a genome-wide analysis of primary tumor samples from 241 lymphoma samples (238 fresh tumors and 3 cell lines) using high-density 50K and/or 250K SNP arrays (Affymetrix GeneChip).