Transcriptomics

Dataset Information

57

An application of a systems toxicology approach using a human organotypic small airway cultures for a comparative assessment between a candidate modified-risk tobacco product aerosol and cigarette smoke (mRNA data).


ABSTRACT: Along the trachea-bronchial tree, including the small airway region, cigarette smoke exposure induces inflammation, which can exacerbate the development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The small airway region is known as the primary location of airway blockage in COPD and asthma. Therefore, evaluating exposure impact on the small airway is relevant for risk assessment. Using an in vitro human small airway culture model and a Systems Toxicology approach, this present study reports an assessment of the biological impact of an aerosol from a candidate modified-risk tobacco product, tobacco heating system (THS) 2.2, as compared with 3R4F smoke, at similar nicotine concentrating other functional measures (e.g., cytotoxicity, ciliary beating function, secretion of pro-inflammatory mediators) and histological assessment. The NPA methodology provides not only a qualitative measure of the exposure impact, but also a quantification of the exposure effect: the highest biological impact was observed in cultures 4 h post-exposure to 3R4F smoke at 0.15 mg nicotine/L (100% impact). In contrast, THS2.2 aerosol at similar nicotine concentration, only elicited 15% relative biological impact at 4 h post-exposure in the context of various biological processes modeled in the networks: Cell Fate, Cell Proliferation, Cell Stress, and Inflammatory Process Networks. Consistently, ciliary beating function and culture morphology were not remarkably altered in samples exposed to THS2.2 aerosol, even at nicotine concentration three times that of 3R4F smoke.

INSTRUMENT(S): Affymetrix GeneChip Scanner 3000 7G

ORGANISM(S): Homo sapiens  

SUBMITTER: Anita Iskandar   Sam Ansari   Alain Sewer  

PROVIDER: E-MTAB-6098 | ArrayExpress | 2017-10-26

REPOSITORIES: ArrayExpress

Dataset's files

Source:
Action DRS
E-MTAB-6098.idf.txt Idf
E-MTAB-6098.idf.txt_original Idf
E-MTAB-6098.processed.1.zip Processed
E-MTAB-6098.raw.1.zip Raw
E-MTAB-6098.raw.2.zip Raw
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