Project description:Purpose: The goal of this study is to investigate the alteration of gene expression pattern of alveolar macrophages by allergen challenge in human asthmatics. Method: By using subsegmental bronchial provocation with allergen (SBP-AG) protocol, we obtained BAL fluids, before and 48 hours after allergen challenge in the subjects enrolled in the protocol. Alveolar macrophages were purified from the BAL fluids and total RNA was isolated. Next-generation sequencing data were generated by using the Illumina system. Results: Using an optimized data analysis workflow, we mapped about 75 million sequence reads per sample to the human genome and identified 29,691 transcripts in the macrophage mRNAs. Among them, the change in the expression profiles of 37 transcripts were statistically significant. Conclusions: It has been well accepted that Th2 cytokine enriched environment transforms the phenotype of macrophages into alternatively activated form. However, the details of a genome-wide gene expression profiles of macrophages were not well investigated. Using RNA-seq technology, we provided comprehensive data of macrophage gene expression profiles in allergic lung inflammation. Our data could offer a framework to study biologic functions of alternatively activated macrophage in chronic inflammatory diseases. mRNA profiles of alveolar macrophages obtained from asthmatics, before and after allergen challenge.
Project description:Developmental transitions can be described in terms of morphology and individual genes expression patterns, but also in terms of global transcriptional and epigenetic changes. Most of the large-scale studies of such transitions, however, have only been possible in synchronized cell culture systems. Here we generate a cell type specific transcriptome of an adult stem-cell lineage in the Arabidopsis leaf using RNA sequencing and microarrays. RNA profiles of stomatal entry, commitment, and differentiating cells, as well as of mature stomata and the entire aerial epidermis give a comprehensive view of the developmental progression. To obtain pure cell populations corresponding to different stomatal lineage cell types we used Fluorescent Activated Cell Sorting (FACS) in combination with markers of early (SPCHp::SPCH-YFP, SSY), middle (MUTEp::nucGFP, MG), and late (FAMAp::GFP-FAMA, FGF) precursor stages, as well of mature stomata (enhancer trap E1728::GFP, E1728G) and a marker of the entire epidermis (ML1p::YFP-RCI2A, ML1Y). To minimize transcriptional differences due to age, all cell types were sorted from 10-day old aerial rosettes, and the specificity of expression pattern at this common time point confirmed via confocal microscopy. Total RNA was extracted from purified protoplasts (4,000 to 20,000 cells/replicate; 2 replicates/marker line; 3 replicates/SSY marker line) and transcript abundance measured using RNA sequencing.
Project description:Mice with conditionally deactivating mutations in Mycn (Mycnfl/fl) or mir17-92 & mir106b (mir17-92fl/fl ; mir106b-/-) were crossed with mice expressing Cre-recombinase driven by the Prx1 promoter (Prx1Cre). Embryos were collected at E10.5, and distal compartment of hind- and fore-limbs were isolated from wild-type and conditional knock-out embryos (n=3 replicates per biologic group). Total RNA was extracted from each specimen with Trizol, and used in RNA-seq library preparation with Illumina Truseq mRNA library kit. Libraries were sequenced on the Illumina NextSeq system with 75bp single end reads.
Project description:Study abstract: Axolotl salamanders (Ambystoma mexicanum) remain aquatic in their natural state, during which biomechanical forces on their diarthrodial limb joints are likely reduced relative to salamanders living on land. However, even as sexually mature adults, these amphibians can be induced to metamorphose into a weight-bearing terrestrial stage by environmental stress or the exogenous administration of thyroxine hormone. In some respects, this aquatic to terrestrial transition of axolotl salamanders through metamorphosis may model developmental and changing biomechanical skeletal forces in mammals during the prenatal to postnatal transition at birth and in the early postnatal period. To assess differences in the appendicular skeleton as a function of metamorphosis, anatomical and gene expression parameters were compared in skeletal tissues between aquatic and terrestrial axolotls that were the same age and genetically full siblings. The length of long bones and area of cuboidal bones in the appendicular skeleton, as well as the cellularity of cartilaginous and interzone tissues of femorotibial joints were generally higher in aquatic axolotls compared to their metamorphosed terrestrial siblings. A comparison of steady state mRNA transcripts encoding aggrecan core protein (ACAN), type II collagen (COL2A1), and growth and differentiation factor 5 (GDF5) in femorotibial cartilaginous and interzone tissues did not reveal any significant differences between aquatic and terrestrial axolotls. RNAseq samples: Total RNA was isolated from whole body tissue samples of Mexican axolotl salamanders (Ambystoma mexicanum) at the following developmental stages: Embryo at the tail bud stage, newly hatched larva, larva at the limb bud stage, juvenile at 8.5 centimeters, and adult using variations of guanidinium-based protocols. RNA quantity, purity, and integrity of both the individual samples and the resulting pool were determined with an Agilent 2100 Bioanalyzer using the Eukaryotic Total RNA nano series II analysis kit. The pooled RNA sample was poly-A selected and used for Illumina random priming directional library prep. Four lanes were sequenced only on one end providing single end reads and 4 lanes were sequenced at both ends giving paired-end reads. The library was sequenced on an Illumina HiSeq 2000 for 75bp reads producing 147,248,512 single end reads and 2 x 153,254,667 paired-end reads.
Project description:A fundamental challenge in the post-genome era is to understand and annotate the consequences of genetic variation, particularly within the context of human tissues. We describe a set of integrated experiments designed to investigate the effects of common genetic variability on DNA methylation and mRNA expression distinct human brain regions. We show that brain tissues may be readily distinguished based on methylation status or expression profile. We find an abundance of genetic cis regulation mRNA expression and show for the first time abundant quantitative trait loci for DNA CpG methylation. We observe that the largest magnitude effects occur across distinct brain regions. We believe these data, which we have made publicly available, will be useful in understanding the biological effects of genetic variation. Authorized Access data: Mapping of GEO sample accessions to dbGaP subject/sample IDs is available through dbGaP Authorized Access, see http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/projects/gap/cgi-bin/study.cgi?study_id=phs000249 Because of our interest in genomic regulation of expression and neurological disorders we embarked upon a series of experiments to provide a brain region-specific contextual framework for genetic and epigenetic regulation of gene expression. We obtained frozen brain tissue from the cerebellum and frontal cortex from 318 subjects (total 724 tissue samples).
Project description:We report the knockdown and rescue of RNPS1, a component of the ASAP and PSAP complexes and, hence, an auxiliary component of the exon junction complex. The studied conditions show an extensive change in alternative splicing and the cell's transcriptome. For the knockdown, HeLa cells were transfected with siRNAs targeting RNPS1 or the Luciferase control. Total RNA was extracted with peqGOLD TriFast, underwent ribosomal depletion and strand-specific library preparation (TruSeq R Stranded Total RNA LT). Sequencing occurred in an Illumina HiSeq4000 sequencer with 2×75bp, producing roughly 35 million read-pair per sample.
Project description:Previous studies in bulk tissue suggest that there are abundant expression quantitative trait loci (eQTLs) in human brain. This sample series is of cerebellar Purkinje cells isolated using laser capture microdissection from human cases without neurological disease but of known genotypes. These data may be helpful in confirming eQTLs in bulk tissue or in mapping other gene expression traits in an enriched neuronal population. Authorized Access data: Mapping of GEO sample accessions to dbGaP subject/sample IDs is available through dbGaP Authorized Access, see http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/projects/gap/cgi-bin/study.cgi?study_id=phs000249 Overall design: The aim of this study was to examine gene expression in isolated purkinje cells from the human cerebellum. We obtained frozen brain tissue from the cerebellum. We stained sections with cresyl violet and separated Purkinje cells based on morphology and location within the cerebellum using laser capture microdissection. Expression analyses were then performed.