Comprehensive investigation of miRNome identifies novel candidate miRNA-mRNA interactions implicated in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia
ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to characterize the landscape of miRNA expression in 34 samples of pediatric T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) and to identify miRNAs differentially expressed between T-ALL and normal mature T lymphocytes (5 samples).
Project description:Purpose: Cadmium is a nonessential heavy metal and a well known toxic agent. Cadmium is known to alter the gene expression and signaling but the role of miRNAs during Cadmium exposure is not understood. Methods: Mice were treated with 100 mg/ ml cadmium chloride for 120 days and accumulation of cadmium in blood and organs are confirmed by GFAAS. Subsequently, the total RNA was isolated from the whole blood and small RNA sequencing was executed in Illumina HiSeq 1000. Results: The reads were annotated to the mice genome and miRNAs in miRbase using miRDeep* and novel miRNAs were also predicted. The differential expression was studied by DeSeq Conclusions: This is the first report to reveal the cadmium responsive miRNome. These candidate miRNAs can serve as biomarkers for cadmium Whole blood small RNA profiles of control and cadmium exposed mice generated by deep sequencing using Illumina HiSeq 1000
Project description:The degradation and 3′ end modification of plant microRNAs (miRNAs) play crucial roles in regulating miRNA function and stability. However, the process and mechanism of miRNA degradation and 3′ end modification has, to date, been poorly characterized. Here, we report that analysis of the two small RNA libraries constructed from two hickory floral differentiation stages by deep sequencing obtained a large number of truncated miRNAs and miRNAs with 3′ end modifications. The presence of so many truncated miRNAs suggests that plant miRNAs may be degraded through the 5′ to 3′ and 3′ to 5′ ends simultaneously, but the probability of miRNAs being truncated from the 3′ end was higher than from the 5′ end. Single- or double-nucleotide 3′ additions to miRNAs has been observed in many families. In this study, the 3′ addition of adenine to miRNA was the most common, accounting for more than 50% of all miRNA 3′ end modification in both small RNA libraries, followed by uridine addition. This suggests that the 3′ end modification of miRNAs shows a bias towards adenine and uridine in plants. Furthermore, we observed that both truncated miRNA and isomiR expressions associated with mature miRNAs. Our study provides more information regarding the degradation and 3′ end modification of miRNAs in plants. Examination of 2 different female flower buds
Project description:A small RNA library of stomach antrum tissue was sequenced using high-throughput SOLiD sequencing technology. The study aims to provide complementary information of the role of miRNAs in molecular regulation process in the healthy human stomach, in order to establish a reference for future comparisons of altered miRNA expression due to the gastric tract diseases.
Project description:Purpose: To identify abiotic stress responsive and tissue specific miRNAs at genome wide level in wheat (Triticum aestivum) Results: Small RNA libraries were constructed from four tissues (root, shoot, mature leaf and spikelets) and three stress treatments of wheat seedlings (control, high temperature, salinity and water-deficit). A total of 59.5 million reads were obtained by high throughput sequencing of eight wheat libraries, of which 32.5 million reads were found to be unique. Using UEA sRNA workbench we identified 47 conserved miRNAs belonging to 20 families, 1030 candidate novel and 51 true novel miRNAs. Several of these miRNAs displayed tissue specific expression whereas few were found to be responsive to abiotic stress treatments. Target genes were predicted for miRNAs identified in this study and their grouping into functional categories revealed that the putative targets were involved in diverse biological processes. RLM-RACE of predicted targets of three conserved miRNAs (miR156, miR160 and miR164) confirmed their mRNA cleavage, thus indicating their regulation at post-transcriptional level by corresponding miRNAs. Expression profiling of confirmed target genes of these miRNAs was also performed. Conclusions: This is the first comprehensive study on profiling of miRNAs in a variety of tissues and in response to several abiotic stresses in wheat. Our findings provide valuable resource for better understanding on the role of miRNAs in stress tolerance as well as plant development. Additionally, this information could be utilized for designing wheat plants for enhanced abiotic stress tolerance and higher productivity. Total eight (three stress, one control and four tissue specific small RNA libraries were pepared and sequenced independently [wheat control (WC), wheat high temperature stressed (WHTS), wheat salinity stressed (WSS) and wheat drought stressed (WDS), wheat shoot(WSH), wheat leaf (WLF), wheat flower(WFL), wheat root(WRT)] on Illumina GAIIx
Project description:Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common and deadliest primary brain tumor. Its prognosis is inexorably unfavorable, as these tumors drive affected patients to death usually within 15 months after diagnosis (short term survivors, ST), with the only exception of a small fraction of patients (long term survivors, LT) surviving longer than 36 months. Even after the frontline therapeutic approach, including surgical resection followed by chemo- and radiotherapy, the cause of death in most cases is tumor recurrence, which occurs in peritumoral tissues in about 95% of patients. Here, we provide a comprehensive molecular analysis of a set of ST and LT samples derived from frankly tumoral areas (C) and from the peritumoral regions (P) of the same patients. By performing microRNA deep sequencing, we collected data showing that P areas differ from healthy white matter, but share with C samples, a number of microRNAs
Project description:MicroRNAs have been implicated in various skin cancers, including melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and basal cell carcinoma; however, the expression of microRNAs and their role in Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) have yet to be explored in depth. To identify microRNAs specific to MCC (MCC-miRs), next-generation sequencing (NGS) of small RNA libraries was performed on different tissue samples including MCCs, other cutaneous tumors, and normal skin. Comparison of the profiles identified several microRNAs upregulated and downregulated in MCC. For validation, their expression was measured via qRT-PCR in a larger group of MCC and in a comparison group of non-MCC cutaneous tumors and normal skin. Eight microRNAs were upregulated in MCC: miR-502-3p, miR-9, miR-7, miR-340, miR-182, miR-190b, miR-873, and miR-183. Three microRNAs were downregulated: miR-3170, miR-125b, and miR-374c. Many of these MCC-miRs, with the miR-183/182/96a cistron in particular, have connections to tumorigenic pathways implicated in MCC pathogenesis. In situ hybridization confirmed that the highly expressed MCC-miR, miR-182, is localized within tumor cells. Furthermore, NGS and qRT-PCR reveals that several of these MCC-miRs are highly expressed in the patient-derived MCC cell line, MS-1. These data indicate that we have identified a set of MCC-miRs with high implications for MCC research. To identify microRNAs specific to Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) next-generation sequencing (NGS) of small RNA libraries was performed on different tissue samples including MCCs, other cutaneous tumors, and normal skin
Project description:Purpose: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are ubiquitous components of endogenous plant transcriptome. miRNAs are small, single-stranded and ~21 nt long RNAs which regulate gene expression at the post-transcriptional level and are known to play essential roles in various aspects of plant development and growth. Previously, a number of miRNAs have been identified in potato through in silico analysis and deep sequencing approach. However, identification of miRNAs through deep sequencing approach was limited to a few tissue types and developmental stages. This study reports the identification and characterization of potato miRNAs in three different vegetative tissues and four stages of tuber development by high throughput sequencing. Results: Small RNA libraries were constructed from leaf, stem, root and four early developmental stages of tuberization and subjected to deep sequencing, followed by bioinformatics analysis. A total of 89 conserved miRNAs (belonging to 33 families), 147 potato-specific miRNAs (with star sequence) and 112 candidate potato-specific miRNAs (without star sequence) were identified. The digital expression profiling based on TPM (Transcripts Per Million) and qRT-PCR analysis of conserved and potato-specific miRNAs revealed that some of the miRNAs showed tissue specific expression (leaf, stem and root) while a few demonstrated tuberization stage-specific expressions. Targets were predicted for identified conserved and potato-specific miRNAs, and predicted targets of four conserved miRNAs, miR160, miR164, miR172 and miR171, which are ARF16 (Auxin Response Factor 16), NAM (NO APICAL MERISTEM), RAP1 (Relative to APETALA2 1) and HAIRY MERISTEM (HAM) respectively, were experimentally validated using 5′RLM-RACE (RNA ligase mediated rapid amplification of cDNA ends). Gene ontology (GO) analysis for potato-specific miRNAs was also performed to predict their potential biological functions. Conclusions: We report a comprehensive study of potato miRNAs at genome-wide level by high-throughput sequencing and demonstrate that these miRNAs have tissue and/or developmental stage specific expression profile. Also, predicted targets of conserved miRNAs were experimentally confirmed for the first time in potato. Our findings indicate the existence of extensive and complex small RNA population in this crop and suggest their important role in pathways involved in diverse biological processes, including tuber developmental process. Total seven (Leaf, Root, Stem, Potato Tuber stage 0(PT0),Potato Tuber stage 1(PT1),Potato Tuber stage 2(PT2),Potato Tuber stage 3(PT3) ) small RNA libraries were consctructed and sequenced by deep sequencing using Illumina GAIIx.
Project description:Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by abnormalities in reciprocal social interactions and language development and/or usage, and by restricted interests and repetitive behaviors. Differential gene expression of neurologically relevant genes in lymphoblastoid cell lines from monozygotic twins discordant in diagnosis or severity of autism suggested that epigenetic factors such as DNA methylation or microRNAs (miRNAs) may be involved in ASD. The goal of this study was to reveal dysregulation in miRNA levels that are inversely correlated with altered levels of target genes that, in turn, may be associated with the underlying pathophysiology of ASD, and to provide a better understanding of the role of miRNAs as a post-transcriptional gene regulatory mechanism associated with ASD. Lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs) derived from peripheral lymphocytes of 14 male subjects were obtained from the Autism Genetic Resource Exchange (AGRE, Los Angeles, CA). The subjects included three pairs of monozygotic twins discordant for diagnosis of autism, a normal sibling for 2 of the twin pairs, two pairs of autistic and unaffected siblings, and a pair of normal monozygotic twins. Global miRNA expression profiling of these LCLs was performed using high-throughput miRNA microarray analysis. A reference design was used for microarray hybridization in this study. The sample miRNAs were coupled with Cy3, whereas the common reference miRNA was coupled with Cy5, and two-colored miRNA microarray analyses were carried out by cohybridizing an equal amount of both miRNA samples onto one slide. Selected differentially expressed miRNAs were confirmed by quantitative RT-PCR, and the putative target genes of two of the confirmed miRNAs were validated by knockdown and overexpression of the respective miRNAs.
Project description:Psoriasis is a systemic disease with cutaneous manifestations. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are non-coding RNA molecules that are differentially expressed in psoriatic skin, however; only few miRNAs have been localized to specific cells or regions of psoriatic lesions. We used laser capture microdissection (LCM) and next-generation sequencing to study the specific miRNA expression profiles in the epidermis (Epi) and dermal inflammatory aggregates (RD/ICs) of psoriatic skin. We identified 24 deregulated miRNAs in the Epi and 37 deregulated miRNAs in the RD/ICs of lesional psoriatic skin compared with non-lesional psoriatic skin (FCH>2, FDR<0.05). Interestingly, 9 of the 37 miRNAs, including miR-193b and miR-223 that have recently been described as deregulated in circulating peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from patients with psoriasis. Using flow cytometry and qRT-PCR, miR-193b and miR-223 were found to be expressed in Th17 cells. In conclusion, we demonstrate that LCM combined with small RNA sequencing provides a robust strategy to explore the global miRNA expression in the epidermal and dermal compartments of psoriatic skin. Furthermore, our results indicate that the altered local miRNA changes seen in the RD/ICs is reflected in the circulating immune cells, altogether emphasizing that miRNAs may contribute to a systemic component in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. Examination of the global miRNA expression in epidermis (Epi) and dermis (RD/ICs) of paired (non-lesional vs. lesional) psoriatic skin using a combination of laser-capture microdissection and barcoded small RNA sequencing
Project description:MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a class of small RNAs which typically function by guiding cleavage of target messenger RNAs. They have been shown to play major roles in a variety of plant processes including development, and responses to pathogens and environmental stresses. To identify new miRNAs and regulation in Arabidopsis thaliana, 27 small RNA libraries were constructed and sequenced from various tissues, stresses and small RNA biogenesis mutants, resulting in 95 million genome-matched sequences. The use of rdr2 to enrich the miRNA population greatly enhanced this analysis and led to the discovery of 44 new miRNAs arising from both known and new precursors. Parallel Analysis of RNA Ends (PARE) data provide evidence that the majority guide target cleavage. The inclusion of novel stress/tissue conditions, such as submergence-stressed flowers, enabled identification of new stress regulation of both miRNAs and their targets, all of which were validated in wild type plants. By combining small RNA expression analysis with ARGONAUTE (AGO) immunoprecipitation data and global target cleavage data from PARE, a much more complete picture of Arabidopsis miRNAs was obtained. This combinatorial approach led to the discovery of AGO loading and target cleavage biases, which gave important insights into tissue-specific expression patterns, pathogen responses and the role of sequence variation among closely related miRNA family members. Examination of various tissues, stresses and small RNA biogenesis mutants in Arabidopsis by high-throughput sequencing for small RNA profiling. We have used AGO-IP and PARE data from the published data, which were downloaded from NCBI GEO with the following accession number. AGO-IP from GSM253622, GSM707682, GSM642335, GSM642336, GSM512703, GSM512702, GSM707683, GSM707684, GSM707685, GSM149080, GSM253623, GSM304283, GSM642337, GSM642338, GSM253624, GSM415788, GSM707686, GSM707687, GSM707688, GSM707689, GSM415787, GSM149081, GSM253625, GSM415789, GSM415790, GSM304285, GSM415791, GSM415792 PARE sequencing data from xrn4 flowers were obtained from Gene Expression Omnibus with accession number GSM280227.